Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Ungheria. Orban stravince e le sinistre straperdono.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-04-09.

Champagne__

«Fidesz predicted to have constitutional 2/3 majority in Parliament again»

Mr Orban sembrerebbe essere avviato ad una seconda vittoria storica, conquistando non solo la metà dell’Elettorato, ma soprattutto la maggioranza qualificata dei seggi parlamentari.

Se però è vero che Mr Orban ha avuto una vittoria elettorale inequivocabile, sarebbe altrettanto vero constatare come le sinistre liberal e socialiste abbiano subito una débâcle davvero severa: non contano quasi più nulla.

«Fino alla chiusura dei seggi, alle 19, circa 5,5 milioni di elettori sono andati alle urne, il 70%, contro un affluenza del 61,73% nel 2014»

*

«Fidesz won almost half of the vote, with 93%f ballots counted»

*

«the nationalist Jobbik party is in second place with 20% of the vote. The Socialists are in third with 12%, and the LMP, Hungary’s main Green Party, is in fourth with 7%.»

*

«Voters are electing 199 members of parliament in a single round. A total of 106 seats can be won in single-member constituencies in a first-past-the-post system. The remaining 93 seats are awarded under a list system.
Fidesz has changed election rules since 2010, boosting the ruling party’s chances against a fragmented left-wing opposition and the far-right Jobbik party.

Reuters has produced this useful list of the key changes.

– The total number of seats was reduced from 386 to 199 in 2011. District boundaries have been redrawn, and critics say gerrymandering was significant.

– A second voting round was eliminated, denying parties the option of clinching deals between the rounds, which contributed to the splintering of the current opposition.

– The system of voter compensation was changed in favour of winning candidates. In local districts, any vote not used to win a first-past-the-post race is added to national lists, including for the winner.

– Ethnic Hungarians were given the right to citizenship. Some 378,000 new citizens have registered to vote in this election and the majority of them support Fidesz.

– Postal votes were outlawed for hundreds of thousands of Hungarians working abroad, who are not necessarily Fidesz supporters. They can only vote in person at Hungarian embassies or consulates, limiting their ability to participate.

– Parties must field candidates in at least 27 local districts to maintain a national list and receive state support for their campaign, limiting options for parties to co-operate.» [The Guardian]

* * * * * * *

Diamo atto a Mr Gergely Karácsony, il candidato socialista, di aver accettato il risultato elettorale:

«The result is not what we hoped for, but nevertheless as the losers we must always congratulate the winners. But it is difficult to do that in Hungary.

We are convinced that people believe that Hungary needs change… we accept the fact that today Hungarian voters have made a choice. ….

he result is not what we hoped for, but nevertheless as the losers we must always congratulate the winners. But it is difficult to do that in Hungary.

We are convinced that people believe that Hungary needs change… we accept the fact that today Hungarian voters have made a choice.»

*

In attesa dei risultati definitivi, e del computo dei seggi assegnati, una considerazione emerge spontanea.

Tutta la stampa liberal mondiale considerava le sinistre ungheresi come maggioranza certa, e parlava delle ngo ancora operanti in Ungheria come sicure portavoce di tutto il popolo ungherese che avrebbe distrutto in sede elettorale l’autoritario Mr Orban, euroscettico.

Benissimo.

Adesso gli ungheresi si sono contati alle urne e possiamo dire con certezza che le ngo dichiaravano millantato credito: non contano nulla. Non riusciranno a far eleggere nemmeno un deputato: uno che sia uno.


Ansa. 2018-04-09. Elezioni in Ungheria, Orban vince ancora

Il premier ungherese ha vinto in maniera schiacciante le elezioni, conquistando il suo terzo mandato consecutivo dal 2010 in un voto che ha visto nel Paese un’affluenza record.

*

Il premier ungherese Viktor Orban ha vinto in maniera schiacciante le elezioni, conquistando il suo terzo mandato consecutivo dal 2010 in un voto che ha visto nel Paese un’affluenza record. Il partito di governo Fidesz, secondo i risultati diffusi quando lo spoglio era ormai oltre l’80%, conserva la maggioranza assoluta nel parlamento con il 49% dei consensi. Secondo è il partito Jobbik con il 20%, terza l’alleanza socialisti-verdi con 12%. Per tutto il giorno si sono registrate lunghe code davanti ai seggi elettorali, un’affluenza mai vista nel Paese. Una grande partecipazione che aveva fatto ipotizzare agli analisti la possibilità di una buona affermazione delle opposizioni che avrebbero potuto far perdere la maggioranza assoluta a Fidesz. Cosa che non è avvenuta.

Fino alla chiusura dei seggi, alle 19, circa 5,5 milioni di elettori sono andati alle urne, il 70%, contro un affluenza del 61,73% nel 2014. Circa 1547 i candidati in lizza per i 199 seggi del parlamento. Fidesz e il suo alleato il partito cristiano democratico avrebbero ne avrebbero conquistati 133. Il secondo posto alle elezioni è andato a Jobbik di Gabor Vona, partito conservatore nazionalista, ma non più euroscettico, che aveva promesso una lotta contro la corruzione generalizzata attribuita a Orban. A seguire l’alleanza socialista-verde (Mszp-P) e le altre formazioni politiche.

La vittoria – sono state le prime parole di Orban che ha festeggiato il risultato con i suoi sostenitori – è un’opportunità “per difendere l’Ungheria”. A premiarlo, secondo gli osservatori, è stato soprattutto il martellamento andato avanti per mesi, anche attraverso i media pubblici da lui controllati, circa il “pericolo mortale” che starebbe minacciando gli ungheresi: l’arrivo di migliaia di migranti musulmani, con il ricollocamento obbligatorio voluto dall’Ue. “Dobbiamo decidere bene, perché sbagliando non ci sarà più modo di riparare, rischiamo di perdere il nostro Paese, che diventerà un Paese di immigrati”, aveva detto ancora il giorno delle elezioni. Un messaggio che ha evidentemente raccolto il favore dell’elettorato.


Bbc. 2018-04-09. Viktor Orban: Hungary PM re-elected for third term

Hungary’s right-wing Prime Minister Viktor Orban has claimed a landslide victory in Sunday’s general election.

The 54-year-old will serve a third consecutive term in office, with his party Fidesz projected to keep its key two-thirds majority in parliament.

Fidesz won almost half of the vote, with 93% of ballots counted, Hungary’s National Election Office said.

Mr Orban is a strong Eurosceptic who campaigned on an anti-immigration platform.

In a speech to supporters on Sunday night, Mr Orban said his victory gave Hungarians “the opportunity to defend themselves and to defend Hungary”.

Leaders of the second and third-placed parties have resigned in light of the result.

How did the result play out?

Polling stations were meant to close at 19:00 (17:00 GMT), but some stayed open hours later due to long queues. Voter turnout reached a near-record 69% – an outcome some believed would favour the prime minister’s opponents.

But with almost all votes counted, the nationalist Jobbik party is in second place with 20% of the vote. The Socialists are in third with 12%, and the LMP, Hungary’s main Green Party, is in fourth with 7%.

– The man who thinks Europe is being invaded

Nationalism in heart of Europe needles EU

Jobbik’s chairman Gabor Vona stood down on Sunday night, telling a news conference: “Jobbik’s goal, to win the elections and force a change in government, was not achieved. Fidesz won. It won again.”

Socialist Party President Gyula Molnar was similarly downcast as he resigned, saying: “We regard ourselves as responsible for what happened [and] we have acknowledged the decision of voters.”

—–

Orban keeps the provinces but loses the youth vote

By the BBC’s Budapest Correspondent Nick Thorpe

As Fidesz paints the map of Hungary orange (their colour) once again, preliminary results show they will reach the 133 seats in the 199 seat Parliament needed for a constitutional two-thirds majority. They won two-thirds victories at both previous elections, in 2010 and 2014.

The prime minister’s party won in most rural constituencies and in provincial towns, while opposition parties took most seats in the capital, Budapest.

Mr Orban’s legitimacy on a European level will likely be strengthened, as nationalist parties across the continent take heart from his victory.

There were only two consolation prizes for anti-Fidesz voters: most constituencies in the capital, Budapest, went to opposition candidates. And Fidesz have also lost a large part of the youth vote. The next Fidesz government can be expected to include younger ministers, in an attempt to address this problem.

The result spells trouble ahead for civil society groups which campaign for human rights and against corruption, and for critical media. Viktor Orban has promised a “settling of accounts – moral, politically, and legally” with his opponents.

—–

What are Orban’s policies?

The election campaign was dominated by immigration, with Mr Orban promising to defend the country’s borders and block migration by Muslims.

The prime minister refused to publically debate with his opponents or speak to the independent media, speaking instead at rallies for his supporters.

These addresses focused on one core policy – stopping immigration.

“Migration is like rust that slowly but surely would consume Hungary,” Mr Orban said at his final rally on Friday.

In 2015, Hungary built a fence along its borders with Serbia and Croatia to stop illegal migrants.

Mr Orban is an avowed Eurosceptic who opposes further EU integration. He refused to take part in the EU’s refugee resettlement programme and has praised Russian leader Vladimir Putin.

Marine Le Pen, leader of France’s National Front, tweeted Mr Orban her congratulations and said the “mass immigration promoted by the EU has been rejected once again”.

Hungary jails ‘terrorist’ over border riot

Hungarian PM: Migrant crisis ‘is a German problem’

Mr Orban has promised to cut income taxes and pass pro-growth economic policies.

His administration has presided over strong economic growth, which he had argued would be threatened under the opposition.

Annunci

Un pensiero riguardo “Ungheria. Orban stravince e le sinistre straperdono.

I commenti sono chiusi.