Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Stati Uniti, Trump

Trump. Epa. Saranno rivisti i livelli massimi di emissioni degli automezzi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela

2018-04-07.

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Tutti i sogni, le illusioni e le allucinazioni si scontrano alla fine con la realtà dei fatti.

Dobbiamo a Burchardo Vorminientis (950 – 1025) l’aver concepito il primo e formalmente completo trattato di giurisprudenza, sulla cui scorta si articolò la scuola giuridica di Bologna. Ma gli dobbiamo anche numerose sentenze e massime, concezioni giuridiche alcune delle quali fanno oramai parte integrante del bagaglio culturale umano.

Celeberrimo il brocardo “ad impossibilia nemo tenetur“: norma fondamentale del diritto comune per la quale l’oggetto di un’obbligazione deve risultare sempre possibile. In caso contrario non esiste obbligazione.

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Trump. In settimana l’esecutivo per smantellare il CPP dell’Epa.

Trump. Epa rigetta il progetto ‘Clean Power Plan’ di Mr Obama.

Stati Uniti. Cosa sono gli ‘Ordini Esecutivi’ di un Presidente.

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La passata Amministrazione Obama con il Corporate Average Fuel Economy or CAFE standards aveva stabilito che le automobili ed i camion leggeri dovessero poter percorre “54.5 miles per gallon (4.32 liters per 100 kilometers) compared to 35.5 miles per gallon in 2016“.

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«Administrator Scott Pruitt announces Midterm Evaluation of Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Model Years 2022-2025».

Ovviamente, la California ha strillato come una gallina sodomizzata. Si sa che certi galli si comportano da galline.

La risposta di Mr Pruitt è stata lapidaria.

«Cooperative federalism doesn’t mean that one state can dictate standards for the rest of the country»

Questa norma è stata di fondamentale utilità nell’eliminare la concorrenza delle automobili tedesche.

Infatti, di fronte alla impossibilità materiale, le case costruttrici sono state obbligate a mentire sulle emissioni, ricorrendo ad ogni sorta di trucchi e sottorifugi. Quanto sia stato sufficiente per metterle nei guai neri: il dieselgate., con tutte le conseguenze che ha avuto.

L’aspetto tragico del dieselgate tedesco è che il governo germanico si è ben guardato dal variare le emissioni massime consentite.

Cosa che invece hanno fatto ora gli Stati Uniti di America.


L’Epa, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ha rilasciato alcuni comunicati di consistente importanza.

«Revising GHG Emissions Standards for Cars, Light Trucks

Administrator Scott Pruitt announces Midterm Evaluation of Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Model Years 2022-2025.»

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«EPA Administrator Pruitt: GHG Emissions Standards for Cars and Light Trucks Should Be Revised

WASHINGTON (April 2, 2018) — Today, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Scott Pruitt is announcing the completion of the Midterm Evaluation (MTE) process for the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for cars and light trucks for model years 2022-2025, and his final determination that, in light of recent data, the current standards are not appropriate and should be revised. Administrator Pruitt is also announcing the start of a joint process with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to develop a notice and comment rulemaking to set more appropriate GHG emissions standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards. 

“The Obama Administration’s determination was wrong,” said EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt. “Obama’s EPA cut the Midterm Evaluation process short with politically charged expediency, made assumptions about the standards that didn’t comport with reality, and set the standards too high.”

Under the Clean Air Act (CAA), EPA sets national standards for vehicle tailpipe emissions of certain pollutants. Through a CAA waiver granted by EPA, California can impose stricter standards for vehicle emissions of certain pollutants than federal requirements. The California waiver is still being reexamined by EPA under Administrator Pruitt’s leadership. 

“Cooperative federalism doesn’t mean that one state can dictate standards for the rest of the country. EPA will set a national standard for greenhouse gas emissions that allows auto manufacturers to make cars that people both want and can afford — while still expanding environmental and safety benefits of newer cars. It is in America’s best interest to have a national standard, and we look forward to partnering with all states, including California, as we work to finalize that standard,” said Administrator Pruitt.

Additional Background

As part of the 2012 rulemaking establishing the model year 2017-2025 light-duty vehicle GHG standards, EPA made a regulatory commitment to conduct a MTE of the standards for MY 2022-2025 no later than April 1, 2018. This evaluation would determine whether the standards remain appropriate or should be made more, or less stringent.  

In November 2016, the Obama Administration short-circuited the MTE process and rushed out their final determination on January 12, 2017, just days before leaving office. Since then, the auto industry and other stakeholders sought a reinstatement of the original MTE timeline, so that the Agency could review the latest information. 

EPA and the U.S. Department of Transportation announced a reestablishment of the MTE process in March 2017. And, in August 2017, EPA reopened the regulatory docket and asked for additional information and data relevant to assessing whether the GHG emissions standards remain appropriate, including information on: consumer behavior, feedback on modeling approaches, and assessing advanced fuels technologies. EPA also held a public hearing on this topic.»

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«The Trump administration rolled back Obama-era pollution and fuel efficiency rules for cars and light trucks on Monday, saying they were too stringent.

The decision by President Donald Trump’s Environmental Protection Agency means the emission standards for vehicles in the 2022-2025 model years will be revised, as sought by automakers.

“The Obama administration’s determination was wrong,” said EPA chief Scott Pruitt.

Former President Barack Obama’s EPA “made assumptions about the standards that didn’t comport with reality, and set the standards too high,” Pruitt said in a statement.

The rules set in 2012, known as the Corporate Average Fuel Economy or CAFE standards, sought to reduce pollutants released into the air by gradually increasing fuel efficiency across all models offered by manufacturers to 54.5 miles per gallon (4.32 liters per 100 kilometers) compared to 35.5 miles per gallon in 2016.

Pruitt said the EPA in 2012 cut short its review of the standards for “politically charged expediency,” but he will work with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to develop new, “more appropriate” rules.» [Phys Org]


AFP. 2018-04-02. Trump rolls back Obama-era fuel efficiency rules

The Trump administration rolled back Obama-era pollution and fuel efficiency rules for cars and light trucks on Monday, saying they were too stringent.

The decision by President Donald Trump’s Environmental Protection Agency means the emission standards for vehicles in the 2022-2025 model years will be revised, as sought by automakers.

“The Obama administration’s determination was wrong,” said EPA chief Scott Pruitt.

Former President Barack Obama’s EPA “made assumptions about the standards that didn’t comport with reality, and set the standards too high,” Pruitt said in a statement.

The rules set in 2012, known as the Corporate Average Fuel Economy or CAFE standards, sought to reduce pollutants released into the air by gradually increasing fuel efficiency across all models offered by manufacturers to 54.5 miles per gallon (4.32 liters per 100 kilometers) compared to 35.5 miles per gallon in 2016.

Pruitt said the EPA in 2012 cut short its review of the standards for “politically charged expediency,” but he will work with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to develop new, “more appropriate” rules.

Pruitt said the agency also is looking at the waiver that allows California, the most popular US state, to impose tougher requirements than called for under the Clean Air Act.

One state cannot “dictate standards for the rest of the country,” he said, adding: “EPA will set a national standard for greenhouse gas emissions that allows auto manufacturers to make cars that people both want and can afford — while still expanding environmental and safety benefits of newer cars.”

This is likely to open a long legal battle between California, a traditionally Democratic state, and Trump’s Republican administration.

California Attorney General Xavier Becerra said the EPA’s “assault” on CAFE standards “risks our ability to protect our children’s health, tackle climate change, and save hardworking Americans money.”

“We’re ready to file suit if needed to protect these critical standards and to fight the Administration’s war on our environment,” Becerra said in a statement.

Trump has been scaling back many types of regulations, including environmental standards, put in place by his predecessor, including pulling out of the Paris climate accord.


Deutsche Welle. 2018-04-04. Trump EPA officials to roll back Obama emissions standards for cars

Environmental Protection Agency head Scott Pruitt has announced a plan to scrap pollution-preventing standards set in 2012. At the same time, a review of California’s vehicle emissions limits invites a legal battle.

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The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on Monday announced it would ease fuel efficiency rules for cars that had been put in place under Barack Obama’s administration. The move was hailed by automobile manufacturers and criticized by environmentalists.

“The Obama administration’s determination was wrong,” said EPA chief Scott Pruitt of the 2012 decision to increase average fuel efficiency across their fleet of car models to 54.5 miles per US gallon (4.32 liters per 100 kilometers) by 2025 from 35.5 miles per US gallon in 2016. The increased standards were intended to reduce fuel consumption and therefore vehicle emissions.

The EPA described that goal as “not appropriate” and said that the EPA under Obama had “set the standards too high” in an evaluation process that didn’t comport with reality.” 

Auto industry welcomes move

The environmental agency in the Donald Trump administration will now revise the vehicle emissions standards for vehicles in the 2022-2025 model years, a request that had been sought by automakers.

The Alliance of Automobile Manufactures, which represents major carmakers such as Ford, Toyota and Volkswagen, among others, cheered the Trump administration’s decision to scrap the Obama-era fuel emission standards.

“This was the right decision, and we support the administration for pursuing a data-driven effort and a single national program as it works to finalize future standards,” the industry group said. It added that the lowering of fuel standards would “keep new vehicles affordable to more Americans.”

Carmakers had argued that the higher fuel standards would have raised the price of cars due to the costs associated with developing the technology to meet the required emissions levels.

However, environmentalists warned that the Trump EPA’s decision to roll back the standards would increase fuel costs for American drivers and could reduce the competitiveness of US carmakers.

“Designing and building cleaner, more cost-efficient cars is what helped automakers bounce back from the depths of the recession and will be key to America’s global competitiveness in the years ahead,” said Fred Krupp, the president of the Environmental Defense Fund.

John Foley, the executive director of the California Academy of Sciences, a scientific and educational institution, argued that the move “wastes money” and would result in pollution, illness and death.

California was also in the crosshairs of the EPA’s announcement on Monday. The Obama EPA had allowed the western state to impose more stringent vehicle emission standards through a waiver under the Clean Air Act. Pruitt said that the EPA was in the process of re-examining that waiver.

“One state cannot dictate standards for the rest of the country,” Pruitt said. “EPA will set a national standard for greenhouse gas emissions that allows auto manufacturers to make cars that people both want and can afford — while still expanding environmental and safety benefits of newer cars. It is in America’s best interest to have a national standard.”

Doing away with the California waiver would likely set the stage for a legal battle between the traditionally Democratic state and the Trump administration.

California Attorney General Xavier Becerra described the EPA’s announcement as an “assault” on fuel economy standards. “We’re ready to file suit if needed to protect these critical standards and to fight the Administration’s war on our environment,” Becerra said.

The Trump administration has consistently scaled back regulations across many sectors including the environment, with the decision to pull the US out of the Paris international climate accord a prominent example.

The rollback was not the only EPA-related news on Monday: The White House also announced it was investigating the activities of EPA head Pruitt after the Wall Street Journal reported that he had paid below market rates to live in an apartment owned by a lobbyist who has dealings with the EPA.

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