Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Russia, Unione Europea

Austria. Non espellerà diplomatici russi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-03-29.

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Con il Cancelliere Kurz ed il nuovo governo che escluse la socialdemocrazia, l’Austria ha subito una appariscente mutazione. Le linee guida politiche ed economiche che erano tipiche dell’Austria sono state abbandonate e lentamente stanno emergendo quelle nuove. Non che il Cancelliere fosse stato poco chiaro nell’enunciare i propri programmi, ma erano in molti a dubitare che avrebbe poi potuto mantenere ciò che erano state le promesse elettorali.

Si direbbe quasi che il Cancelliere Kurz stia sviluppando un piano politico strategico che stia precorrendo i tempi: presto o tardi anche il resto dell’Europa potrebbe allinearsi al suo modo di intendere la situazione attuale e su come operare.

Di sicuro, il Cancelliere Kurz ha visioni politiche molto differenti da quelle delle attuali cancellerie e della dirigenza dell’Unione Europea.

Intanto l’Austria si è visibilmente emancipata dalla tutela tedesca. Fenomeno questo iniziato anni or sono, ma ora chiaramente visibile. I recenti summit dei capi di stato e di governo dell’Unione Europea sono più che eloquenti. In questo Herr Kurz ha ampiamente precorso i tempi avendo previsto il crollo dei socialisti francesi, poi l’esito delle elezione politiche tedesche ed infine di quelle italiane. Il Cancelliere Kurz considera, non a torto, molti attuali governi come dei walking dead: sembrerebbe aver compreso appieno la portata della devoluzione dell’idealismo liberal e socialista. È segno di acume politico il precorrere i tempi, senza voler strafare. È molto verosimile che le sue posizioni attuali saranno in un futuro non troppo lontano fatte proprie dagli altri stati membri dell’Unione Europea.

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Molto significativo il titolo di fondo dell’Ahram Online:

‘Neutral’ Austria won’t expel Russian diplomats

«Austria is a member of the European Union but is officially neutral and is not part of the NATO military alliance»

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«Austria said Monday that it would not follow a number of other EU countries in expelling Russian diplomats over the poisoning of a former Russian spy in Britain, stressing its neutrality.»

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«”We stand behind the decision to recall the EU ambassador, but we will not take any national measures,” Chancellor Sebastian Kurz and Foreign Minister Karin Kneissl said in a joint statement.»

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«”Indeed, we want to keep the channels of communication to Russia open,” they added. “Austria is a neutral country and sees itself as a bridge-builder between East and West.”»

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La reazione dei paesi dell’Unione Europea era prevedibile.

«Austria is drawing criticism from parts of the European Union for saying it couldn’t expel Russian diplomats on account of its neutrality»

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«Austria, which has gotten most of its natural gas from Russia for 50 years, has a history of trying to moderate the EU’s approach to Moscow»

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Herr Kurz ha anche un retaggio storico di non poca importanza.

«In declining to take further measures, his government cited Austria’s neutrality, which the country adopted as a condition for ending its post-World War II occupation by the U.S., the Soviet Union, the U.K. and France in 1955»

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La Realpolitik è arte solo per persone di grande intelligenza e cultura: sia come parte agente sia anche come spettatori. Nessuno però si stupirebbe se la minuscola Austria acquisisse nel tempo una statura politica molto maggiore di quanto ci si potrebbe aspettare da una nazione oggettivamente piccola.

Potrebbero tornare alla mente i tempi di Josef Klaus prima e di Bruno Kreisky dopo.


Bloomberg. 2013-03-28. Austria Draws Scorn for Sitting Out Russian Diplomat Expulsions

– Government includes nationalists friendly with Putin’s party

– Sweden’s Bildt questions if Austria is ‘part of the West’

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Austria is drawing criticism from parts of the European Union for saying it couldn’t expel Russian diplomats on account of its neutrality.

Chancellor Sebastian Kurz’s government, which includes nationalists that cooperate with Vladimir Putin’s party, declined to join the tough international response to a nerve-agent attack on a former Russian spy in England. Austria is a “builder of bridges between East and West” and wants to “keep channels open” to Moscow, it said.

That position is “hardly compatible with EU membership” and there’s “a big difference between being part of the West and being a bridge between the West and the East,” former Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt said Tuesday on Twitter.

Artis Pabriks, a former Latvian foreign minister who’s a member of the European Parliament, called Austria’s decision a “bad joke.” He asked: “Which other EU policies/decisions Kurz does not apply to Austria?”

Kurz, whose People’s Party is part of the same political family as the parties of Bildt and Pabriks, said Monday that Austria backs the EU’s decision to pull its ambassador to Russia.

In declining to take further measures, his government cited Austria’s neutrality, which the country adopted as a condition for ending its post-World War II occupation by the U.S., the Soviet Union, the U.K. and France in 1955.

United Russia

Austria, which has gotten most of its natural gas from Russia for 50 years, has a history of trying to moderate the EU’s approach to Moscow. Social Democrat Werner Faymann was one of the more skeptical EU leaders when initial sanctions were imposed on Russia in 2014 over the annexation of Crimea.

Kurz’s coalition partner, the Freedom Party, led by Vice Chancellor Heinz Christian Strache, signed a “working agreement” with Putin’s United Russia party in Moscow in 2016, saying it would like to roll back the sanctions.


Ahram Online. 2013-03-28. ‘Neutral’ Austria won’t expel Russian diplomats

Austria said Monday that it would not follow a number of other EU countries in expelling Russian diplomats over the poisoning of a former Russian spy in Britain, stressing its neutrality.

“We stand behind the decision to recall the EU ambassador, but we will not take any national measures,” Chancellor Sebastian Kurz and Foreign Minister Karin Kneissl said in a joint statement.

“Indeed, we want to keep the channels of communication to Russia open,” they added. “Austria is a neutral country and sees itself as a bridge-builder between East and West.”

Fourteen European Union countries are to expel a total of 30 Russian diplomats in a coordinated international response to Moscow over the poisoning of Sergei Skripal in the English city of Salisbury, according to an AFP tally.

Germany, France and Poland led the way with four expulsions each and EU President Donald Tusk warned that more diplomats could be thrown out in the coming days.

Austria is a member of the European Union but is officially neutral and is not part of the NATO military alliance.

The right-wing Kurz visited Russia in late February and his coalition partners, the far-right Freedom Party (FPOe), have a “cooperation pact” with President Vladimir Putin’s United Russia party.

Slovakia, while condemning the Skripal poisoning, also said it was not throwing out Russian diplomats at present but will summon the Russian ambassador “without delay”.

“The development of the situation, as well as Russia’s response to the calls addressed to it by the EU countries — including Slovakia — will influence the next steps that we are prepared to consider in this case,” the Slovakian foreign ministry said.

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