Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Merkel a Varsavia. Un colloquio non facile. Il NYT fa un gaffe.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-03-20.

Varsavia 001

Quando pochi giorni dopo la vittoria di Sedan il Cancelliere Otto von Bismarck portò al Kaiser la bozza di trattato di pace, questi si arrabbiò in modo furibondo. Il trattato era insolitamente equilibrato e ben poco impositivo.

Il Kaiser convocò immediatamente il Cancelliere e gli chiese spiegazioni. Bismarck gli rispose che i trattati di pace si stilano come se si fosse persa la guerra.

Solo statisti di rango capiscono come dopo la guerra ritorni la pace, e come questa possa durare serena solo nell’accordo tra le parti.

I rapporti germano – polacchi si sono deteriorati sostanzialmente nel tempo.

Molti motivi sono più che reali, sicuramente, ma la rigidità di Berlino e di Bruxelles hanno avuto gran peso: credevano di essere onniscienti ed onnipotenti. Si illudevano persino di godere i favori degli Elettori,

Tuttavia al momento molte situazioni sono mutate.

Il 24 settembre Frau Merkel è uscita dalle elezioni nettamente ridimensionata: mantiene la cancelleria, ma il suo peso politico è talmente basso che il suo nuovo Ministro degli Interni Herr Seehofer la sberleffa ogni giorno: la Merkel non può non tener conto di quanto instabile sia l’attuale Große Koalition.

Poco dopo l’Austria ha eletto cancelliere Herr Kurz che si è alleato con l’Fpö: la sua posizione non è certo quella di uno strenuo supporter dell’Unione Europea e dei temi così cari a Mr Juncker ed alla Frau Merkel.

Il 4 marzo l’Elettorato italiano ha ridimensionato il partito democratico, portandolo dal 40.8% delle elezioni europee allo attuale 18.72%. I vincitori delle elezioni sono tutto tranne che zerbinotti dell’Unione e della Germania.

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A quadro politico mutato, ne consegue un diverso atteggiamento di Frau Merkel, prima durissima nei giudizi contro la Polonia ed i paesi del Visegrad.

Mentre in altri tempi i polacchi avrebbero dovuto andare a Berlino e mettersi sull’inginocchiatoio posto davanti la scrivania della Bundeskanzlerin, tutti attenti a sentire gli ordini, adesso è Frau Merkel che va in pellegrinaggio in Polonia: questo è uno scacco diplomatico davvero cocente.

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«There are also concerns that the rise of far-right, anti-migrant parties in Austria and Italy could contribute to a rift between Brussels and central European countries.»

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«Merkel will seek to emphasize the need for unity in the European Union as well as Germany’s commitment to NATO military spending targets.»

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«She’ll have to balance between enlisting Poland’s help with backing the EU while also being firm on EU core principles that have been challenged by Poland’s sweeping judicial reforms»

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«In an effort to combat the growing rift between eastern and western European Union member states, Germany’s new Foreign Minister Heiko Maas urged closer ties during a meeting with his Polish counterpart last Friday.»

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Riassumiamo questa prima parte.

L’eurodirigenza attuale pro tempore ha condotto i rapporti con gli stati membri con una durezza del tutto fuori luogo, e che adesso si evidenzia in tutta la sua stoltezza: pensava di essere saldamente al governo e che tutti i popoli europei la appoggiassero. Mai fu fatto un così grande errore di valutazione. Adesso deve andare a Canossa.

Gli Stati Uniti di Europa fortemente voluti da Mr Juncker sono una pura utopia: una Unione Europea economica, che rispetti popoli e stati sembrerebbe invece essere la soluzione ottimale.

Un tentativo di forzare la situazione potrebbe esitare in una frattura. Così come il cercare di continuare ad imporre etiche e morali non condivisibili da parte dei paesi dell’est europeo così come dai partiti “populisti”, che però stanno per avere il sopravvento.

Mr Juncker, Mr Tusk e Frau Merkel non hanno più la maggioranza in seno al Consiglio di Europa.

Poi c’è anche i resto.

«German Chancellor Angela Merkel will emphasize bilateral ties and the need for European unity when she meets with top Polish officials, amid ongoing differences between the allies over Polish judicial reforms, migration and a new gas pipeline»

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«reassuring Poland about Berlin’s commitment to NATO military spending targets»

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«The stakes are high, given concerns that gains by anti-migrant parties in Austria and Italy could exacerbate tensions between Brussels and central European countries such as Poland»

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«North Stream 2 will be one of the important issues on this meeting agenda, as well as the future of the European Union, the EU future budget and many other issues»

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Godiamoci adesso la lettura dell’articolo comparso sul The New York Times. È tutto un capolavoro di diplomazia.

Merkel in Poland for Talks on EU Future, Security

«German Chancellor Angela Merkel is in Poland for top-level talks that will focus on the European Union’s future and security, and on bilateral issues between the neighboring countries.

Merkel was greeted Monday by Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki before going into talks on the EU’s post-Brexit future, the bloc’s budget, ways of solving the migration crisis and Poland’s refusal to accept migrants under an EU plan.

They will also discuss the EU’s energy security and Poland’s opposition to a planned Russia-to-Germany gas pipeline, as well as Europe’s strained relations with Moscow.

Merkel will also meet with President Andrzej Duda.

She is making her second foreign trip, after visiting Paris, since she was sworn in for a fourth term last week.

Germany’s new foreign minister visited Warsaw on Friday.»

Nessun accenno alla questione della riforma della giustizia.

Proprio nessun accenno: come se non fosse mai esistita e mai esistesse.


Reuters. 2018-03-19. Merkel to push for EU unity on delicate Poland trip

German Chancellor Angela Merkel will emphasize bilateral ties and the need for European unity when she meets with top Polish officials, amid ongoing differences between the allies over Polish judicial reforms, migration and a new gas pipeline.

Merkel will meet with Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki and President Andrzej Duda on Monday, using her second foreign trip since being sworn in for a fourth term to highlight Germany’s commitment to the former Soviet bloc member at a time of heightened tensions with both Russia and the United States.

The German leader must pull off a delicate balancing act – reassuring Poland about Berlin’s commitment to NATO military spending targets and enlisting its backing for the European Union, without backing away from EU core principles that have been challenged by Poland’s sweeping judicial changes.

The stakes are high, given concerns that gains by anti-migrant parties in Austria and Italy could exacerbate tensions between Brussels and central European countries such as Poland.

Michal Dworczyk, head of the Polish prime minister’s office, told private broadcaster TVN24 the two sides had a lot to discuss.

The gas pipeline “North Stream 2 will be one of the important issues on this meeting agenda, as well as the future of the European Union, the EU future budget and many other issues,” he said.

The pipeline would ship Russian gas to Germany, avoiding transit through Ukraine. It has Germany’s approval, but Poland has urged that Western sanctions be imposed on it .

Polish government spokeswoman Joanna Kopcinska said Warsaw hoped for “a good and pragmatic cooperation with Berlin.”

German government officials say they are upbeat, given Poland’s growing concerns about Russian military aggression, uncertainty about U.S. policy shifts, and Warsaw’s pending loss of Britain as an ally opposing further euro zone expansion.

“Merkel has the chance to make clear to the Polish government that Europe’s democrats must stand together against Putin and Trump, also for the sake of Poland,” said Franziska Brantner, foreign policy spokeswoman for the German Greens.

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, a Social Democrat, stressed close ties between the two neighbors during a meeting with Polish Foreign Minister Jacek Czaputowicz on Friday.

The two men urged the revival of the Weimar Triangle, a platform of political cooperation between Germany, France and Poland created in 1991. Foreign ministers from the three countries last met in Weimar in August 2016.

“The visit of Chancellor Merkel shows that Germany cares about good relations with Poland,” said Michal Baranowski, head of the Warsaw office of the German Marshall Fund. “(It) shows a desire at the highest level to fix the relationship.”

Ties between Germany and Poland have grown increasingly strained since the since the nationalist conservative Law and Justice Party (PiS) came to power in Warsaw in 2015, with Berlin rejecting calls by PiS for German war reparations.

The two countries are also at odds over the North Stream II gas pipeline project and Poland’s refusal to take in asylum seekers under an EU-wide quota system.

Deutsche Welle. 2018-03-19. Angela Merkel to visit Poland in bid to thaw chilly relations

Germany’s Angela Merkel is carrying a message of EU unity on her trip to Warsaw. But with tensions simmering over refugee quotas and Poland’s controversial judicial reforms, the chancellor will have to walk a fine line.

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German Chancellor Angela Merkel will travel to Warsaw on Monday for talks with Polish leaders aimed at improving relations which have been strained by disagreements on rule of law, immigration and refugee policy, Poland’s new Holocaust law, as well as a new gas pipeline.

On her second foreign trip since being sworn in for a fourth term as chancellor, Merkel will meet with Polish President Andrzej Duda and Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki.

Polish government spokeswoman Joanna Kopcinska said Warsaw hoped for “a good and pragmatic cooperation with Berlin.”

Tricky territory in Warsaw trip

Merkel will seek to emphasize the need for unity in the European Union as well as Germany’s commitment to NATO military spending targets.

She’ll have to balance between enlisting Poland’s help with backing the EU while also being firm on EU core principles that have been challenged by Poland’s sweeping judicial reforms.

Both Brussels and Berlin say Warsaw’s reforms are an attack on the independence of the judiciary. The Polish government, however, maintains that the reforms are necessary to root out corruption.

The Polish government has also come under fire for passing a new law that bans certain statements about the Holocaust, which critics say amounts to a denial of the actions of some Poles during the Holocaust.

Unresolved tensions concerning divergent immigration policies still remain, particularly over Poland’s opposition to an EU-wide plan to redistribute asylum-seekers.

Warsaw has also criticized the planned “Nord Stream 2” gas pipeline, which will be routed from Russia to Germany, but bypass Poland and Ukraine.

Rift in EU unity

In an effort to combat the growing rift between eastern and western European Union member states, Germany’s new Foreign Minister Heiko Maas urged closer ties during a meeting with his Polish counterpart last Friday.

Both foreign ministers called for the revival of the Weimar Triangle, a political cooperation platform between Poland, Germany and France. Their last meeting was in 2016.

Ties between Germany and Poland became particularly strained after the Polish nationalist, conservative Law and Justice Party (PiS) came to power in 2015.

There are also concerns that the rise of far-right, anti-migrant parties in Austria and Italy could contribute to a rift between Brussels and central European countries.

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Un pensiero riguardo “Merkel a Varsavia. Un colloquio non facile. Il NYT fa un gaffe.

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