Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Russia

Quasi pronte le corvette 20385 e le fregate 23350 armate con missili Zircon.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-01-02

Gatto Nero

La Tass riporta come i progetti per la costruzione delle nuove classi di corvette e fregate siano quasi arrivati al termine: le consegne dovrebbero iniziare il prossimo anno 2018.

Caratteristica di queste nuove classi sarebbe quella di essere dotate di missili cruise Kalibr-N e Zircon.

I russi sembrerebbero essere arrivati alla fine della fase di test del missile 3M22 Zircon, nella sua fase iniziale progettato come missile anti-nave. La sua caratteristica sarebbe quella di poter volare a basse quote a velocità di oltre 7,500 km/h, potendo così colpire un obiettivo distante 250 kilometri in meno di tre minuti primi.

I dati più recenti suggerirebbero però che la velocità massima sia otto volte quella del suono e la gittata oltre i quattrocento kilometri.

Le portaerei risulterebbero praticamente indifese contro questa innovativa tipologia di arma.

Non che gli americani non ne dispongano: solo che i loro potenziali avversari non sono dotati di flotta di altura eligibile come possibile obbiettivo.

*

«The deployment of Tsirkon new anti-ship hypersonic cruise missiles on the Russian Navy’s corvettes and frigates is envisaged by Russia’s state armament plan for 2018-2027, a source in the country’s defense industry told TASS on Tuesday.»

*

«The naval component of the new state armament plan prioritizes building Project 20385 and 20386 corvettes and Project 23350 and 23350M frigates with precision weapons that include Kalibr-NK cruise missiles and Tsirkon hypersonic missiles»

*

«The Russian Navy operates five Project 20380 corvettes and another five are under construction. Russian shipbuilders have laid down two corvettes of the modernized Project 20385 and a corvette of Project 20386. Possibly, the order for these warships will be increased and their construction will begin at the Yantar Shipyard in the western Kaliningrad Region (currently, the corvettes are under construction at the St. Petersburg-based Northern Wharf Shipyard and the Amur Shipyard in the Far East), the source said.

Four Project 22350 frigates under construction at the Northern Wharf Shipyard are at various stages of their readiness»

*

Una considerazione sorge spontanea.

L’Unione Europea spende ogni anno per la difesa 331.124 miliardi di dollari. La Francia ne spende 50.9, la Germania 39.4.

La Russia ne spende 66.4 miliardi.

In realtà le cose stanno in modo alquanto differente.

«Russia’s new state armament plan stipulates allocating 19 trillion rubles ($324 billion) for weapons deliveries and 1 trillion rubles ($17 billion) for synchronizing these efforts».

In altri termini, questo piano di armamento non rientrerebbe nel budget ordinario dello stato.


Tass. 2017-12-25. Russia includes hypersonic missile deployment on Navy’s warships in new armament plan

The deployment of Tsirkon new anti-ship hypersonic cruise missiles on the Russian Navy’s corvettes and frigates is envisaged by Russia’s state armament plan for 2018-2027, a source in the country’s defense industry told TASS on Tuesday.

“The naval component of the new state armament plan prioritizes building Project 20385 and 20386 corvettes and Project 23350 and 23350M frigates with precision weapons that include Kalibr-NK cruise missiles and Tsirkon hypersonic missiles,” the source said.

TASS does not yet have an official confirmation of this information.

The Russian Navy operates five Project 20380 corvettes and another five are under construction. Russian shipbuilders have laid down two corvettes of the modernized Project 20385 and a corvette of Project 20386. Possibly, the order for these warships will be increased and their construction will begin at the Yantar Shipyard in the western Kaliningrad Region (currently, the corvettes are under construction at the St. Petersburg-based Northern Wharf Shipyard and the Amur Shipyard in the Far East), the source said.

Four Project 22350 frigates under construction at the Northern Wharf Shipyard are at various stages of their readiness.

Russia’s Defense Ministry announced in April that the new state armament program “sets the task of completing the development of principally new types of hypersonic weapons and delivering them to the troops.” Russian senator and former commander of Russia’s Aerospace Force Viktor Bondarev said in late November that Russia possessed Tsirkon hypersonic missiles.

Russia’s new state armament plan stipulates allocating 19 trillion rubles ($324 billion) for weapons deliveries and 1 trillion rubles ($17 billion) for synchronizing these efforts. The new state armament plan prioritizes developing nuclear deterrence forces and delivering precision weapons to the troops.

According to the data available as of December 18, the program’s final version had not yet been submitted to Russian President Vladimir Putin for signing.

Tsirkon missiles

As another source in the Russian defense industry told TASS earlier, Tsirkon missiles can be launched with the help of a universal shipborne platform with ZS-14 launchers that are also used for Kalibr and Oniks missiles. Precisely this platform is mounted on Project 20380 corvettes and Project 22350 frigates.

According to public data, the Tsirkon has a firing range of about 400 km and its maximum speed is indicated in the range of 4-6 Mach.

As a source in the defense industry told TASS, the Tsirkon missile reached a speed of 8 Mach during flight tests in April.

Annunci