Pubblicato in: Sistemi Politici, Unione Europea

Germania. Finanziamenti ai partiti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-27.

Berlino Porta Brandemburgo

La politica costa. Ed una campagna elettorale costa una cifra almeno ad otto zeri.

«Hillary Clinton’s 2016 presidential campaign raised more than $1 billion»

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Si rimane quindi alquanto perplessi nel leggere le cifre ufficiali dei finanziamenti ricevuti dai partiti ora presenti nel Bundestag: sono ridicolmente basse.

La Cdu ha dichiarato donazioni per 2,881,537 euro, la Fdp per 1,896,512 euro, la Spd per 350,000 euro.

I conti visibilmente non tornano.

Assumendo che la Germania abbia circa un terzo degli abitanti degli Stati Uniti, ci si sarebbe aspettati cifre nell’ordine di 250 – 350 milioni per partito di una certa quale rilevanza.

I 350,000 euro denunciati dall’Spd sembrerebbero essere una solenne presa in giro.

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A pensar mal si fa peccato, ma quasi sempre ci si azzecca, dice il buon Andreotti.

DW exclusive: How German companies donate secret money to political parties.

Angela Merkel’s CDU party received donations from Azerbaijan

LobbyControl leads a tour of Berlin’s ‘Lobby Planet’

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How Germany’s party donations influence elections

«The conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and their preferred coalition partners, the Free Democratic Party (FDP), are still best friends to Germany’s big businesses and rich individuals, new figures released on August 1 by the German parliament showed.

Virtually all the large lump sums donated to political parties this year went either to Angela Merkel’s party or the free-market, anti-regulation FDP, which has not been represented in the Bundestag since 2013, and is currently polling at 9 percent nationwide.

“That certainly is notable,” said Sebastian Meyer of Germany’s watchdog LobbyControl. “Clearly the rich donors and big business associations want to see a return of the FDP.”

So far in 2017, with eight weeks to go before the general election, the CDU has received some 1.9 million euros in donations from major sponsors, while the FDP has received 1.5 million euros. German law says that any political donation of over 50,000 euros ($59,000) must immediately be disclosed to parliament, which publishes the figures on its website.»

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Siamo pratici. I partiti tedeschi hanno denunciato al Bundestag grosso modo l’uno per cento delle donazioni ricevute.

Non male per chi si atteggia a moralista ed accusa gli altri governi di rubare.

Nota.

I giornalisti sanno che sono stati erogati fondi neri. Ci si domanda cosa ci stiano a fare i solerti magistrati tedeschi.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-12-25. Angela Merkel’s CDU, business-friendly FDP top list of German party donations

During Germany’s big election year, two parties received by far the most money from businesses and wealthy backers. Chancellor Angela Merkel’s CDU and the pro-business FDP received millions, according to Bundestag data.

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Businesses, industry associations and wealthy donors upped their donations to German political parties in 2017, but two parties appeared to be favored above all others, according to German parliament figures released on Monday.

German law requires any lump-sum donation to a political party over €50,000 ($59,400) to be immediately disclosed to the Bundestag, which then publishes the figures and donor information online.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservative Christian Democrats (CDU) received some €2.88 million ($3.4 million) in donations from major sponsors. The business-friendly Free Democrats (FDP) led by Christian Lindner came in second with almost €1.9 million ($2.26 million).

The FDP more than doubled its donations this year compared to the last national election in 2013, when it crashed out of parliament, according to calculations made by watchdog group Lobbycontrol. The CDU’s donations were also up by a third during the 2017 election year compared to 2013.

How much did each party get from major donors in 2017?

– CDU: €2,881,537

– FDP: €1,896,512

– South Schleswig Voters’ Association (SSW): €482,050

– Greens: €373,000

– SPD: €350,000

By comparison, Hillary Clinton’s 2016 presidential campaign raised more than $1 billion.

The SSW is a regional party in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein that represents the interests of Danish and Frisian minorities in the state.

The CDU’s Bavarian sister-party the Christian Social Union (CSU) as well as the Left party and the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) did not receive single donations higher than the €50,000 hurdle, and were thereby left off the list.

The parties all likely received smaller donations throughout the year. The CSU and the AfD also both logged large donations at the end of last year.

Lobbycontrol also warned that the lion’s share of information on this year’s party donations won’t be available until mid-2019 when each party releases its financial reports for 2017. By law, the parties are required to release information on donations of more than €10,000.

Who are the donors?

The largest single donation came from United Internet CEO Ralph Dommermuth, who donated €500,000 to the CDU in May. Dommermuth’s United Internet is a Germany-based multinational internet services provider whose subsidiaries include 1&1 Internet as well as email providers GMX Mail and Mail.com.

German automakers made several appearances on the list. The Quandt family, who are major BMW shareholders, gave €200,000 to both the FDP and the CDU. Daimler also donated €100,000 to the CDU and to the SPD back in April. The car rental company Sixt also donated €55,000 to the FDP in July.

Speaking with dpa, one donor noted that the FDP’s free-market focus is particularly attractive to businesses.

“As the owner of a family business, I feel at home in the party and many of my business colleagues feel the same,” Hans-Georg Näder, the head of prosthesis manufacturer Otto Bock, told dpa. He donated a total of €200,000 to the FDP this year.

Industry groups including the Chemical Industry Association and Metall NRW (a federation of industrial and electrical companies in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia) were among the biggest “hedge betters,” with both splitting major donations between the FDP, CDU and SPD.

The SSW received all of its large, lump sum donations from the South Schleswig commission of Denmark’s culture ministry.

Call for more transparency

Watchdog groups like Lobbycontrol will be waiting anxiously for the parties’ financial reports when they arrive in 2019. Until then, the true scope of donations remains unclear and unknown to the public.

Lobbycontrol is pushing for a maximum donation amount of €50,000 to reduce the amount of political pressure that businesses and industry groups can exert on political parties.

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