Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Unione Europea

Polonia. Costituirà un suo proprio sistema di difesa aerea a breve raggio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-16.

Polonia. Stemma

Sicuramente il problema della difesa aerea ravvicinata è affascinante dal punto di vista tecnico, ed altrettanto verosimilmente i militari stanno rendendo noto solo una minima parte delle loro reali potenzialità.

Ma non è questo il problema.

«PeSCo. Ventitrè paesi europei hanno confermato oggi il desiderio di partecipare a una cooperazione rafforzata nel settore delicatissimo della difesa. La firma è avvenuta questa mattina a Bruxelles durante una riunione congiunta dei ministri della Difesa e degli Esteri. L’Alta Rappresentante per la Politica estera e di Sicurezza Federica Mogherini ha parlato di «giornata storica». Resta da capire se e quanto i paesi europei riusciranno a superare tradizionali divergenti interessi nazionali. ….

La clamorosa uscita del Regno Unito dall’Unione, l’instabilità del grande vicinato europeo, le ristrettezze finanziarie provocate dalla crisi economica e debitoria, il nuovo isolazionismo americano sono tutti fattori che hanno indotto i Ventisette a rilanciare la cooperazione militare ….

Oltre al Regno Unito, i quattro paesi assenti sono la Danimarca, che ha un opt-out in questo campo, Malta, Portogallo e Irlanda» [Fonte]

*

Questa iniziativa polacca indica in modo significativo quanto la Polonia possa fidarsi della Nato e dei suoi partner europei: poco o nulla.

Se è vero che la Polonia non potrebbe certo essere un ostacolo severo ad una eventuale invasione russa, sarebbe altrettanto vero che il nuovo sistema difensivo sarebbe a completo controllo polacco.

Diciamolo pure serenamente: fanno più che bene.

Poi, quando questa attuale dirigenza europea sarà rinnovata con le elezioni del 2019, allora, forse, se ne potrà riparlare.



Defense News. 2017-12-12. Poland will piece together its own solution for short-range air defense

WASHINGTON — Poland plans to piece together its own solution for short-range air defense using indigenous radars, potentially even developing its own command-and-control capability and incorporating it into a system that will fill its urgent need, according to the secretary of state in Poland’s Ministry of National Defense.

The country has been on a long road to procure a medium-range air-and-missile defense system and is nearing a final agreement with the U.S. government to buy Raytheon’s Patriot air-and-missile defense systems with Northrop Grumman’s Integrated Battle Command System (IBCS) and Lockheed Martin’s PAC-3 Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) missiles.

Once the Wisla program — the name given to the medium-range procurement — is underway, Poland can shift some attention to its SHORAD procurement plans under what it is calling the Narew program.

Poland has wanted to rapidly procure both a medium-range AMD system and a SHORAD system as Russian aggression in the region has ramped up over the past several years. Yet changes in the government caused the process to procure a system under the Wisla program to slow as the new leadership reassessed the previous administration’s decision to buy Patriot.

The Narew program’s progress has been contingent on the Wisla program because Poland hopes to leverage what is gained in Wisla for Narew.

“We hope that next year the program will accelerate because . . . the current situation with the SHORAD system in Poland is far from being satisfactory,” Bartosz Kownacki told Defense News in an interview in Washington on Dec. 5.

“However, this program is simpler because we have our own solution regarding radars. We have indigenous radars which will be used for Narew,” he said through a translator.

Poland will need to choose appropriate interceptors for the SHORAD system and there are several missiles being considered. “There are several solutions available on the market,” he said. “There are two proposals from the British MBDA.”

But Poland is also considering using the “low-cost” Skyceptor interceptor for Narew that it plans to buy in the second phase of the Wisla procurement plan. Negotiations for the first phase of Wisla are ongoing and a Letter of Agreement is expected to be minted early next year, but that first phase does not include Skyceptor procurement or how Poland might manufacture them in country.

Skyceptor is a variant of the jointly developed Israel and U.S. Stunner interceptor. The Polish government particularly wants to establish a robust manufacturing outfit to make Skyceptor missiles that would not only serve the Poles but could be built for export.

Should Poland decide to use Skyceptor for the Narew program, “that would reduce the cost for Narew,” Kownacki said. “Of course, certain elements would have to be replaced with something else, but, nonetheless, that would definitely reduce the cost of the missile.”

Yet, he added, “everything depends on the scope of transfer of technology for the Skyceptor in the Wisla program.”

Kownacki said the government is also considering potentially using the IBCS system in some way in the Narew program.

“We want to start with Wisla and then we are considering plugging in the Narew system,” he said.

But Poland is also “contemplating developing an alternative indigenous IBCS-like system that would be useful for the Narew program,” Kownacki said.

Should Poland develop its on system it would be a simpler solution and at a much smaller scale than IBCS, according to Kownacki.

IBCS recently completed a second round of soldier testing at Yuma Proving Ground at the end of October that proved the system can be effective in a joint environment and can provide a complex picture of the battlespace, tying a variety of sensors and systems together into one large networked air-and-missile defense system.

“IBCS’ open systems design philosophy allows for the best mix of sensors and effectors, and brings next-generation IAMD capability to Wisla,” Kenn Todorov, Northrop Grumman’s vice president for missile defense solutions within its mission systems sector, told Defense News.

“The system will also be extensible to short range defense architectures such as Narew. IBCS is the U.S. Army’s number one priority for IAMD and assures interoperability between systems and with allied forces.”

Kownacki acknowledged that Northrop has spent many years developing IBCS and said that he imagined it would take “a long time” if Poland were to decide to develop something with similar features and characteristics.

Both the Wisla and Narew programs, as well as a number of other projects, have taken much longer than originally anticipated to get off the ground in Poland, Kownacki admitted.

“We want to procure the system as fast as possible,” he said, “however we must also take into consideration the fact that there are certain independent elements that need time.”

Poland has never had a medium-range air defense system so it is building an entire infrastructure to support the program from the ground up to include establishing manufacturing processes for the elements of the system that will be built in the country and ensuring a robust training program is in place, Kownacki said.

Kownacki noted that he did not think integrating IBCS into the system they are buying would be the reason for any delays. “I held a discussion with the United States government and I was assured there is no risk, there is no threat of IBCS being delayed.”

In the case of getting the Narew program off the ground, “we can construct the nucleus quite quickly of the system,” Kownacki said.

What missiles are chosen for the system could affect the timeline, he said. “There is a question of the effectors and the transfer of technology linked to that,” Kownacki noted. “When we implement Skyceptor, when we decide to use Skyceptor, then the system will be fielded later than if we decided to procure off-the-shelf solution, off-the-shelf missile.”

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