Pubblicato in: Problemia Energetici, Russia, Unione Europea

Russia. Yamal. Francia e Germania con il muso nella greppia delle sanzioni.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-14.

Yamal 001

«Investments in Yamal LNG were put at risk after Novatek came under Western sanctions over Moscow’s role in the Ukraine crisis»


Putin opens Russia’s $27bn Arctic LNG plant

«Russia has opened a liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in the country’s northern region of Yamal. The first tanker with LNG was launched on Friday by Russian President Vladimir Putin.

The ice-breaking tanker is named after the former CEO of Total Christophe de Margerie who died in a plane crash in Russia. The tanker can carry up to 173,000 cubic meters of LNG. Russia plans to build 15 tankers as big as the ‘Christophe de Margerie‘.

“Russia must accelerate work on development capacity to produce liquefied natural gas,” Putin said at the ceremony.

The controlling stake in the enterprise belongs to Russian energy major Novatek. Twenty percent each is owned by Total, and China’s CNPC, and the remaining 9.9 percent belongs to the China-based Silk Road Fund.

Costing $27 billion, the plant will have three production lines and a total capacity of 16.5 million tons of LNG per year.

Almost 96 percent of the Yamal LNG plant’s production has already been contracted. The main customers will be the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, Novatek reported.

Shareholders of the Novatek project – Total and CNPC – will purchase LNG on a long-term basis.

The ceremony was also attended by a member of Saudi Aramco’s board of directors. The kingdom is considering taking part in Novatek’s new project, Arctic LNG 2, according to Russian Energy Minister Aleksandr Novak.»

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«Costing $27 billion, the plant will have three production lines and a total capacity of 16.5 million tons of LNG per year.»

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«Almost 96 percent of the Yamal LNG plant’s production has already been contracted. The main customers will be the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, Novatek reported»

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«Shareholders of the Novatek project – Total and CNPC – will purchase LNG on a long-term basis»

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«The ceremony was also attended by a member of Saudi Aramco’s board of directors. The kingdom is considering taking part in Novatek’s new project, Arctic LNG 2»

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Leggiamo con grande attenzione:

«Almost 96 percent of the Yamal LNG plant’s production has already been contracted. The main customers will be the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, Novatek reported»

L’Occidente non è nemmeno più un mercato cui esportare.

Ufficialmente, la Russia dovrebbe trovarsi sotto le sanzioni decretate contro di lei dall’Occidente, Germania e Francia in testa.

Nessun paese dell’Unione Europea dovrebbe commerciare materiali strategici con la Russia, e la Germania di Frau Merkel è stata vigile gendarme che i paesi afferenti l’Unione ben se ne guardassero dall’infrangere ciò che la Germania aveva deciso. Pene severe, severissime sanzioni.

Ma si sa che nella Fattoria degli Animali tutti gli animali erano eguali, ma i maiali erano più eguali degli altri.

Francia e Germania, ma anche l’Arabia Saudita, sono coinvolte fino al collo nell’operazione Yamal, costata 27 miliardi di dollari, che per ironia del destino servirà quasi esclusivamente il mercato asiatico cinese, loro concorrente.

Se Treccani definisce l’ipocrisia come

«Simulazione di virtù, di devozione religiosa, e in genere di buoni sentimenti, di buone qualità e disposizioni, per guadagnarsi la simpatia o i favori di una o più persone, ingannandole»

Francia e Germania sono ottimi esempi viventi di ipocrisia.

Se nessuno si scandalizza che esse curino devotamente i propri affarucci, ci si scandalizza invece di tutta quella gente più o meno in buona fede che crede, o fa finta di credere, che siano gente onesta.

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Sarebbe menzognero non parlare del diavolo quando le sue corna sono perfettamente visibili.

Siemens to Supply Turbines for Yamal LNG Power Plant

«German industrial conglomerate Siemens on Thursday announced a contract to supply turbines for a power plant that will feed one of Russia’s most ambitious natural-gas projects, Yamal LNG.

Siemens said it was selling six gas-fired power-generating turbines to Tekhnopromexport, a subsidiary of state corporation Rustec, which is building the power plant. A Siemens spokesman declined to name the price of the turbine contract.

Adil Toubia, chief of the oil & gas division at Siemens’ energy branch, said in a statement that Russia leads the world in buying this type of turbines.

Each of the turbines has the capacity to produce 47 megawatts of electricity.

The Yamal LNG project in the northern Yamal peninsula foresees construction of a plant to produce 16.5 million metric tons of liquefied natural gas, which is gas-cooled to the degree that makes it fluid and fit for transportation by tankers. It is expected that the plant will start operation in 2018.

Novatek leads the project while France’s Total and China’s CNPC are partners with 20-percent stakes.

Yamal LNG began tendering items with long lead times after a November decision by its shareholders.

Rustec announced at the end of last month that Tekhnopromexport won the power plant construction tender.

South Korea’s Daewoo received a contract to build 16 tankers to transport LNG from the plant, Yamal LNG said earlier this month.

One other winner of these tenders was a partnership between JCG, a Japanese engineering company, and Technip, a French oil field services company. It secured a contract in April to provide cost estimates and engineering services for the LNG plant.»

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«Yamal LNG is a liquefied natural gas plant nearing operational capacity, in 2017, and located in Sabetta at the north-east corner of the Yamal Peninsula, Russia. The project is expected to cost US$27 billion.

The planned LNG plant will ultimately have three trains with total capacity of 16.5 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas per year. First train will be operational by the end of 2017 and the full capacity will be achieved by 2021.

The plant will be designed and commissioned by consortium of Technip and JGC Corporation, and Chiyoda. In addition to the LNG plant, the project includes construction of a seaport and airport as also a power plant. The power plant will be built by Technopromexport and its turbines will be supplied by Siemens. The power plant will have capacity of 282 MW and it would be operational by 2018. Construction of the port facilities to start in September 2013.

The LNG plant will be supplied mainly from the Yuzhno-Tambeyskoye gas field. The main export market for LNG would be China. LNG would be shipped to Asian markets through the Northeast Passage. Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering is contracted to build up to sixteen Arc7 double acting ice-class gas tankers for the project. Tankers will be chartered and operated by Sovcomflot.

The project is developed by JSC Yamal LNG. Novatek owns 50.1% stake in the company while Total S.A. and CNPC own 20% each with China’s Silk Road Fund has signed agreement to purchase 9.9% stake. General director of the company was Gleb Luxemburg and from September 2014 Evgeny Kot has been appointed the CEO of Yamal LNG. Also alternative project named Yamal LNG was proposed by Gazprom. In November 2008, Gazprom announced that it prepares a list of potential partners for the LNG plant of the Yamal project. Although the list was not disclosed, Gazprom indicated that ExxonMobil and ConocoPhillips were included on the list. Also Royal Dutch Shell, Repsol YPF and Petro-Canada were mentioned as potential partners.

Yamal LNG has commissioned 15 LNG icebreaker/tanker ships to export its gas. Each icebreaker/tanker is designed to operate year-round from the Yamal peninsula and to break ice up to 2.5 meters thick. The ships are leased by Yamal LNG from four companies: Sovcomflot, one ship; MOL, three ships; Dynagas, five ships; and Teekay, six ships.» [Fonte]

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«The Yamal–Europe natural gas pipeline is a 4,196 kilometres (2,607 mi) long pipeline connecting natural gas fields in Western Siberia and in the future on the Yamal peninsula, Russia, with Germany.

Planning for the Yamal–Europe pipeline started in 1992. Intergovernmental agreements between Russia, Belarus and Poland were signed in 1993. ….

The pipeline starts at the Torzhok gas hub in Russia and is fed by the Northern Tyumen Regions (SRTO) – Torzhok gas pipeline. Its length includes around 402 kilometres (250 mi) in Russia, 575 kilometres (357 mi) in Belarus and 683 kilometres (424 mi) in Poland. The German gas system is connected to the Yamal–Europe pipeline through the JAGAL pipeline.

Notwithstanding its name, the pipeline is initially supplied by gas fields in the Nadym Pur Taz District of the Tyumen Oblast and not from Yamal peninsula. It would be supplied from the Bovanenkovo field of Yamal peninsula after construction of the 1,100 kilometres (700 mi) long Bovanenkovo-Ukhta pipeline, a part of the Yamal project. ….

The capacity of the pipeline is 33 billion cubic metres (1.2 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas per annum. The diameter of the pipeline is 1,420 millimetres (56 in). The pressure in the pipeline is provided by 14 compressor stations ….

The Russian section of the pipeline is owned and operated by Gazprom. The Belarusian section is owned by Gazprom and operated by Gazprom Transgaz Belaru. The Polish section is owned and operated by EuRoPol Gaz S.A., a joint venture of the Polish PGNiG, Russian Gazprom (both 48% of shares) and Polish Gas-Trading S.A. (4% of shares).» [Fonte]


Reuters. 2017-12-08. Russia offers to sell gas to Saudi Arabia from Yamal LNG

SABETTA, Russia (Reuters) – President Vladimir Putin said on Friday that Russia was ready to sell gas to Saudi Arabia after he launched the first loading of liquefied natural gas (LNG) at the Novatek-led Yamal LNG project in the Arctic.

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Russia is the world’s biggest gas producer, but most of its exports are via pipeline rather than LNG, a super-cooled fuel that can be transported by ship. It is the world’s seventh biggest LNG exporter.

“Buy our gas and you’ll save oil,” Putin told Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih, who also attended the launch ceremony in Arctic tundra, according to a report by Interfax news agency.

“If we continue to work the way we do, we will turn from rivals into partners. All benefit from joint work,” he said.

Saudi Arabia, the biggest producer in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, and Russia worked together on a deal between OPEC and other producers on cutting oil output until the end of 2018 to curb a global crude supply glut..

Putin and Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, who visited Moscow in October, had agreed on joint investment deals worth several billion dollars, a boost to the Russian economy that has been battered by low oil prices and Western sanctions.

Leonid Mikhelson, ranked Russia’s richest businessman and head of Novatek which has a 50.1 percent stake in Yamal LNG, said on Friday he discussed gas projects with Saudi officials but did not give details.

Yamal LNG, which is 20 percent owned by France’s Total, aims to help Russia double its share of the global LNG market from about 4 percent now by 2020. Qatar is the biggest LNG exporter, with a 30 percent market share.

The first phase of the $27 billion project was completed in December. Other phases are due to onstream in 2018 and 2019.

The project will eventually have four processing units, known as trains, with total capacity of 17.5 million tonnes a year. Three trains will have capacity of 5.5 million tonnes each and one will have capacity of 1 million tonnes.

“I am confident the second and the third parts of the project will be commissioned ahead of schedule,” Putin said at the ceremony to load the first shipment on to an ice class tanker.

Yamal LNG aims to ship three gas cargoes by the end of 2017 and will start selling fuel under long-term contracts after April 2018, Mikhelson told reporters.

Investments in Yamal LNG were put at risk after Novatek came under Western sanctions over Moscow’s role in the Ukraine crisis. But it found other financing sources.

Chinese banks lent more than $12 billion, while Russia provided 150 billion roubles ($2.5 billion) from a rainy day fund and 3.6 billion euros ($4.2 billion) from state-controlled Russian lenders Sberbank and Gazprombank.

More than 95 percent of output from Yamal LNG for the next 20 years or so has been sold, mostly to the Asia-Pacific region.

Until Yamal LNG was built, Russia had one LNG plant, known as Sakhalin-2, controlled by Gazprom. Shell holds a 20 percent stake in the project on the Pacific island of Sakhalin. It produces almost 11 million tonnes a year.

Gazprom has a monopoly on Russian gas exports by pipeline, but Novatek secured the right to ship LNG abroad.

Novatek is planning another project, known as Arctic LNG, on the Gydan peninsula. Mikhelson previously said Russia might produce more than 70 million tonnes of LNG per year from its remote Arctic regions.

Alongside Novatek and Total, other shareholders in Yamal LNG are China’s CNPC with 20 percent and the Chinese Silk Road Fund with 9.9 percent.

($1 = 59.2725 roubles)

($1 = 0.8503 euros)

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