Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. Segni iniziali di squinternamento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-12.

Capuccini Vincenzo. Giulio Cesare assassinato in Senato. (1771 - 1844)

Capuccini Vincenzo. Giulio Cesare assassinato in Senato. (1771 – 1844)


«Timeo Danaos et dona ferentis»


Premettiamo che negli oltre dieci anni durante i quali seguiamo la attività politica di Mr Donald Tusk, attuale vertice del Consiglio di Europa, mai siamo stati in grado di corroborare i suoi enunciati e mai siamo riusciti a riscontrarli come veri. Non solo, ma ci risulterebbe che nemmeno una volta abbia fatto quello che aveva annunciato avrebbe fatto. Le sue parole suadenti più che renderci sospettosi ci renderebbero certi di un funesto ordito.

Riportiamo quindi virgolettati i suoi interventi.


Nota lessicologica.

Nel linguaggio dei media schierati politicamente a favore dei democratici americani e dei socialisti ideologici europei il termine ‘illiberal‘ significa che si oppone alla ideologia liberal e socialista.

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«EU Council head Donald Tusk has said obligatory migrant quotas “have no future” amid efforts to mend fences with eastern European states»

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«I don’t see any special future for this project, but it’s important to find an understanding that does not separate Poland and other Visegrad group countries from the rest of Europe»

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«This completely unnecessary conflict between member states must end»

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«The Visegrad group – the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland – have refused to take in asylum seekers»

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«French proposals to limit the freedom of eastern European workers to earn a living in richer EU states»

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«complaints that counties such as Austria, Germany, Denmark, and Sweden planned to prolong identity checks on internal EU borders»

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«Il presidente Tusk ammette l’inefficacia del piano di redistribuzione. Ai leader in settimana proporrà che siano gli Stati a gestire le crisi»

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«La questione delle quote obbligatorie (di rifugiati, ndr) si è dimostrata altamente divisiva e questo tipo di approccio si è rivelato inefficace»

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«Giovedì sera Donald Tusk getterà la spugna della riforma di Dublino sul tavolo dei capi di Stato e di governo Ue»

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«La cena, dedicata alla questione immigrazione, servirà per fare un bagno di realtà e mettere da parte gli obiettivi irraggiungibili»

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«Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of Poland’s ruling Law and Justice Party (PiS), is playing a sly game with the European Union, the party faithful and his political opponents. The idea is to keep consolidating control over the country while reducing tensions with Brussels and the major powers in Western Europe»

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«Duda’s “compromise” version of the legislation — approved by the parliament on Friday — still established effective government control over the top court. It forces 40 percent of today’s judges to resign and establishes a procedure whereby the parliament will appoint replacements. A second bill takes away control of a body that appoints lower court judges from the judicial community and hands it over to parliament.»

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«Though European outrage about the court reform is inevitable, presentability and good negotiating skills go a long way in Western European capitals»

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«It might just work as Europe inevitably tries to come to terms with illiberal parties in government in Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland.»

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Queste erano le belle parole, e questi a seguito sono i fatti.

Polonia. La Camera bassa approva la riforma della giustizia.

Unione Europea. Juncker porta in giudizio il Visegrad.

A nostro sommesso parere, Mr Mateusz Morawiecki dovrebbe indossare una robusta cotta di acciaio quando dovesse incontrare Mr Donald Tusk. E dovrebbe fare anche molta attenzione a salire sugli aerei.




EU Observer. 2017-10-19. Tusk: EU migrant quotas have ‘no future’

EU Council head Donald Tusk has said obligatory migrant quotas “have no future” amid efforts to mend fences with eastern European states.

“I don’t see any special future for this project, but it’s important to find an understanding that does not separate Poland and other Visegrad group countries from the rest of Europe,” Tusk, a former Polish prime minister, told the Polish press agency, Pap, in the margins of a meeting on social affairs in Brussels on Wednesday (18 October).

“This completely unnecessary conflict between member states must end,” he added.

The Visegrad group – the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland – have refused to take in asylum seekers from Greece and Italy despite an EU vote do so.

The quota scheme formally ended in September, but some countries have continued to take people, with 234 mostly Syrian refugees flying from Athens to Lyon, France, on Wednesday.

EU leaders will discuss reform of the bloc’s asylum laws at a summit in Brussels on Thursday.

The current regime puts the whole burden of the migration crisis on frontline states, amid talk of potential cuts in EU funding and the prospect of European Commission fines against countries that refuse to show solidarity.

Tusk said Poland had to decide whether to “jointly solve the problems related to migration, which means securing borders, but also helping those countries who have too many refugees” or to opt for a “firm break from European solidarity”.

He said he sympathised with some of Poland’s “arguments”, but he added that there would be “certain consequences” if they continued to violate EU decisions.

“Those are the rules in Europe,” he said.

Poland’s EU affairs minister, Konrad Szymanski, seized on Tusk’s words on Wednesday evening, saying the migrant quotas “were never alive in the first place”.

“The system of relocating refugees has not helped anyone, not a single group of refugees, nor any of those countries who still face an unequal burden today,” he said.

Juncker dinner

Szymanski spoke after a dinner held by Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker with the Visegrad leaders in Brussels the same day.

He said Szydlo had listed a series of concerns that included migration, energy security, and French proposals to limit the freedom of eastern European workers to earn a living in richer EU states.

He said the Commission had “full support from Poland” in its bid to negotiate the terms of a future Russian-German gas pipeline, Nord Stream 2.

He also said Juncker’s mini-summit “opened the path to exit from the many political and economic tensions between the countries from our part of Europe and other parts of the EU”.

There was no press conference after the dinner, but Juncker tweeted that there was: “On the menu: consensus through #compromise and #cooperation. #unity”.

Radovan Javorcik, the Slovak ambassador to the EU, said the meeting also discussed future EU budget allocations for eastern Europe and complaints that counties such as Austria, Germany, Denmark, and Sweden planned to prolong identity checks on internal EU borders.

“It is better sometimes to clarify some things in smaller formats, and then it can be translated into a more concrete discussion within the European Council,” he said.

Ales Chmelar, the Czech secretary of state, said the EU needed to “communicate more in some things” and that Juncker would hold more such events in future.

Africa, Brexit

Speaking at a press conference following the social affairs meting on Wednesday, Tusk also praised Italy for having reduced the number of migrants crossing the Mediterranean from Libya.

He said EU leaders should agree to pour more money into an Africa fund that tied aid to reducing the number of people coming to Europe.

“The Commission should make sure the money is well targeted to stemming irregular migration,” he said.

Thursday’s summit will also tackle Brexit talks.

Tusk said he would propose to EU leaders that they started “preparatory work” for talks with the UK on its post-Brexit transition deal and on future EU trade relations.

But he said the UK had not been detailed enough in its proposals on citizens’ rights, the Irish border, and on its EU exit bill to start phase two of the negotiations right away.

“There is clearly not the sufficient progress we had hoped for,” he said.


La Stampa. 2017-12-09. La Ue getta la spugna sui rifugiati: “Un flop le quote obbligatorie”

Il presidente Tusk ammette l’inefficacia del piano di redistribuzione. Ai leader in settimana proporrà che siano gli Stati a gestire le crisi.

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«La questione delle quote obbligatorie (di rifugiati, ndr) si è dimostrata altamente divisiva e questo tipo di approccio si è rivelato inefficace». Giovedì sera Donald Tusk getterà la spugna della riforma di Dublino sul tavolo dei capi di Stato e di governo Ue. La cena, dedicata alla questione immigrazione, servirà per fare un bagno di realtà e mettere da parte gli obiettivi irraggiungibili. L’impostazione del presidente del Consiglio europeo è scritta nero (e blu) su bianco nella lettera. 


Bloomberg. 2017-12-09. Polish Nationalism Gets a European Makeover

The new prime minister offers illiberalism with a worldly touch. It just might work.

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Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of Poland’s ruling Law and Justice Party (PiS), is playing a sly game with the European Union, the party faithful and his political opponents. The idea is to keep consolidating control over the country while reducing tensions with Brussels and the major powers in Western Europe.

The latest attempt at this high-wire act began on Thursday night, when Prime Minister Beata Szydlo and her deputy Mateusz Morawiecki switched jobs. On Friday, the Polish parliament passed legislation that effectively puts the Supreme Court under political control.

If the government reshuffle was an attempt to distract attention from the contentious court bill, as some commentators suspected, it didn’t really work. The web page of Poland’s top daily, Gazeta Wyborcza, focused on criticism of the court overhaul, mostly ignoring the cabinet moves. But Kaczynski is a strategist, not a primitive tactician. In terms of his long term goal of bringing illiberal policies into the European mainstream, this was a fruitful few days.

In September, the Polish opposition raised hell about the previous attempt to kick out most of the Supreme Court judges and install a legal mechanism handing control over new court appointments to the parliamentary majority. PiS-backed President Andrzej Duda vetoed the offending legislation and promised to submit a new version. This was interpreted as a split between the president and the ruling party leader, who played up this interpretation by complaining Duda was hard to work with. But the conflict soon turned out to be a bait-and switch operation: Duda’s “compromise” version of the legislation — approved by the parliament on Friday — still established effective government control over the top court. It forces 40 percent of today’s judges to resign and establishes a procedure whereby the parliament will appoint replacements. A second bill takes away control of a body that appoints lower court judges from the judicial community and hands it over to parliament.

The EU has been paying close attention to the Polish judicial reform. European Council President Donald Tusk, Poland’s former prime minister and a Kaczynski foe, has channeled the Polish opposition’s outrage to colleagues in the Brussels hierarchy. The European Commission, backed in this by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, has issued multiple warnings to the Polish government to stop undermining the rule of law. Given Poland’s other fights with the EU — on issues as varied as Muslim refugees and illegal logging — the adoption of the court bills is likely to entail an angry reaction. Consequences could include the loss of agricultural subsidies, of which Poland is a major recipient, and even the suspension of the country’s EU vote.

That’s not what Kaczynski wants, hence Morawiecki’s ascension.

Szydlo, beloved of PiS activists, was the surly face of Polish nationalism. In Europe, the perpetually frowning prime minister was best known for her angry diatribes (in Polish) in response to Brussels’ “interference.” Morawiecki, by contrast, is a fluent English and German speaker who studied in Germany and the U.S., interned at the Bundesbank, and built a successful career as a banker. He’s the worldly, refined son of a prominent anti-Communist activist, even serving as an economic adviser to Tusk when the latter was prime minister. The PiS rank and file mistrust him for that, and yet Morawiecki arguably did more than anyone else to make the PiS administration a relative success. 

As finance and economy minister, he has been responsible for implementing the party’s social spending initiatives and boosting government investment — and he’s also boosted tax collection to ensure Poland had the funds to keep populist promises without major economic damage. The balancing act has worked nicely so far: Economic growth has accelerated, the budget deficit has shrunk. Prominent government opponents say it cannot last, but the jury is still out on that. 

Morawiecki is a PiS star — and when he explains the party’s policies to Western audiences, he gets respectful nods, even when he says Kaczynski’s court reforms are necessary to weed out old Communists from the court system, not to hand the ruling party control over the judiciary. He’s one of the very few members of the PiS who can actually talk to Tusk, and through him to the EU elite.

Polish media have reported that Kaczynski considered taking over the prime minister’s post himself. Instead, he chose Morawiecki as someone better able to promote the normalization of the PiS government. 

Though European outrage about the court reform is inevitable, presentability and good negotiating skills go a long way in Western European capitals. Morawiecki’s appointment is not exactly a sign that Kaczynski is willing to compromise on domestic policy; rather, he’s willing to have a reasonable conversation about it and see where it leads. It might just work as Europe inevitably tries to come to terms with illiberal parties in government in Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland.

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