Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Cina. Ceec, un nome da imparare. Dazi ridotti dal 17.3% al 7.7%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-27.

Visegrad 001

Tutte le notizie possono essere commentate da differenti punti di vista, ciascuno dei quali mette in particolare risalto uno dei tanti aspetti.

Tra di questi, uno è costantemente sorvolato e sottotaciuto dai media occidentali: argomento particolarmente scomodo, ma non per questo inesistente.

Mentre l’Occidente sta dibattendosi in una crisi politica di severa portata, che raggiunge il suo massimo espressivo nella impossibilità di formare governi coesi e determinati, con movimenti e partiti minoritari che si rifiutano di accettare il ruolo di essere minoranze, mentre l’Occidente disperde l’opinione pubblica su temi etici e morali di dubbia consistenza ed utilità, mentre l’Occidente constata la evanescenza delle proprie teorie economiche non più, e vistosamente, in grado di gestire i tempi correnti, la Cina e la Russia stanno sviluppando un piano politico ed economico volto a formare un nuovo baricentro euroasiatico.

Molte quindi le possibili considerazioni.

In primo luogo, mentre in passato l’Occidente rendeva conto di gran parte dell’economia mondiale, al momento attuale le nazioni del G-7 generano circa il trenta per cento del pil mondiale. Il sistema economico occidentale non ha quindi dimensioni e forza per condizionare il resto del mondo, mentre questo ultimo ha dimensioni e forza per condizionare l’Occidente. La conseguenza è lapalissiana: l’Occidente non è più libero di scegliersi le strade da percorrere e le modalità di azione: o si adegua, oppure soccombe.

In secondo luogo, l’Unione Europea ha iniziato a frantumarsi. Se i partiti bollati come ‘populisti’ non hanno ancora conquistato dei governi europei, con la loro stessa presenza ne condizionano indirizzi ed azioni. La crisi politica francese ed austriaca, spagnola ed italiana, nonché quella tedesca paralizzano l’Unione Europea. Paralisi politica che si riverbera severamente sulla attività della Banca Centrale, proprio nel momento di inizio del tapering.

In terzo luogo, fino a quando aveva un qualche potere, Frau Merkel ed i suoi alleati europei si erano posti per motivazioni ideologiche in posizioni conflittuali con i paesi del Visegrad e, più generalmente parlando, con quelli dell’est europeo, Russia compresa. In alcune dichiarazioni, la dirigenza dell’Unione si era anche sbilanciata al punto di voler imporre al Visegrad sanzioni. Alla luce dell’attuale crisi queste posizioni sembrerebbero essere non più a lungo sostenibili.

In quarto luogo, come prima ricordato, l’Unione Europea non è più libera di decidere ciò che vuole. La Cina, assieme alla Russia, ha sviluppato il Ceec, China and Central and Eastern European Countries, nel cui ambito si muove con saggi criteri paritetici, senza esercitare la minima pressione sulle situazioni interne dei paesi membri. Una unione economica di sedici paesi. Molto significativo l’esame del sito di questa nuova organizzazione. Le fotografie prese ad icona dei singoli stati, per Bosnia Erzegovina, Bulgaria, Repubblica Ceka, Estonia, Ungheria, Lettonia, Macedonia, Polonia, Serbia, e Slovenia sono chiese, fatto del tutto impensabile invece nell’Unione Europea.

In quinto luogo, appaiono evidenti almeno due aspetti dell’interna questione. Come detto prima, la Cina non interferisce in nulla nei problemi interni dei paesi partner, ma investe cifre colossali in infrastrutture di trasporti ed utilities che nell’ambito del progetto Belt and Road superano abbondantemente i millecinquecento miliardi di dollari. Queste due considerazioni evidenziano il netto contrasto con il modo di agire dell’Unione Europea, che devolve la quasi totalità del proprio bilancio in welfare oppure in imprese ideologiche avulse dalle esigenze correnti dei mercati.

In sesto luogo, i numeri parlano chiaro. I paesi dell’est europeo stanno ricevendo più fondi dalla Cina che non dall’Unione Europea, che, anzi, fa persino pesare quel poco che concede. È evidente che alla fine queste nazioni saranno anche costrette a rivedere il proprio schieramento in seno alla Nato, con tutte le sequenziali conseguenze.

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Dazi doganali ridotti dal 17.3% al 7.7%?

Sicuramente questa manovra faciliterà le esportazioni verso la Cina, anche se nel contempo ne consoliderà la leadership. Ma altrettanto sequenzialmente evidenzia come un miglioramento del sistema economico occidentale dipenda più dalla Cina e dalla Russia che non dall’Occidente.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. China to cut tariffs on consumer goods

BEIJING, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) — China will further reduce tariffs on consumer goods, including food and infant formula, in the third cut since 2015.

Effective next month, the average import tax on some food, health products, medicine, daily chemicals, clothing, footwear, and other products will drop to 7.7 percent from 17.3 percent, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) said Friday in an online statement.

Some types of baby milk powder and diapers will have zero tariffs, according to an MOF list.


XinuaNet. 2017-03-05. China collects over 400 bln yuan in taxes from major FTZs

BEIJING, March 5 (Xinhua) — China collected 409 billion yuan (59.3 billion U.S. dollars) in taxes in four major free trade zones (FTZs) last year, data from the State Administration of Taxation (SAT) showed.

The tax revenue growth was driven by fast development, reasonable industrial structure and strong innovation in the Shanghai, Tianjin, Fujian and Guangdong FTZs.

Nearly 90 percent of the tax revenue came from the modern services sector, while high-end manufacturing witnessed strong growth in tax revenue, SAT data showed.

SAT data showed tax receipts from car manufacturing had annual growth of 44 percent last year, 34 percentage points higher than the national average.

Internet, software and information technology services posted stellar growth in tax revenues. The Guangdong FTZ, supported by tech-hub Shenzhen, saw tax revenues from the two sectors increase 470 percent and 390 percent respectively year on year.

FTZs are part of government efforts to test reform policies, including interest rate liberalization and fewer investment restrictions to better integrate the economy with international practice.

China launched its first FTZ in Shanghai in 2013. In late 2014, Tianjin, Fujian and Guangdong were allowed to set up a second group of FTZs. Another seven were approved in August 2016 in a bid to replicate the success of previous trials.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Chinese premier leaves for Hungary visit, SCO meeting in Russia.

«BEIJING, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang left Beijing on Sunday morning for an official visit to Hungary and the sixth meeting of heads of government of China-Central and Eastern European Countries in Budapest.

Li will also attend the 16th meeting of the Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in the Russian city of Sochi from Nov. 30 to Dec. 1.»


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Premier Li vows to bring China-CEEC cooperation, China-Hungary ties to new high

«BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has vowed to bring cooperation between China and the 16 Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC) and relations between China and Hungary to a higher level.

Li made the statement in an article published on the newspaper The Hungarian Times before attending the sixth meeting of heads of government of China and the CEEC on Nov. 26-29 in Budapest and paying an official visit to Hungary. Full Story»

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BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has vowed to bring cooperation between China and the 16 Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC) and relations between China and Hungary to a higher level.

Li made the statement in an article published on the newspaper The Hungarian Times before attending the sixth meeting of heads of government of China and the CEEC on Nov. 26-29 in Budapest and paying an official visit to Hungary.

“This is an important meeting held at the fifth anniversary of the launching of China-CEEC cooperation (16+1 cooperation). I’m looking forward to the meeting and the visit,” Li said.

Noting that Chinese President Xi Jinping announced in May the establishment of a comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries, Li said he is full of confidence about China-Hungary relations and the prospect of China-CEEC cooperation.

The premier recalled that the first China-CEEC economic and trade forum was held in Budapest in 2011 and, a year later, the 17 countries established a new trans-regional cooperation platform, called the 16+1 cooperation.

Over the five years, the 16+1 cooperation has been growing and the mechanism improving, bringing about remarkable progress to cooperation in all fields, Li said.

Political mutual trust between China and the CEEC countries has been deepened, with the two sides having established cooperation mechanisms in about 20 areas, he said.

Economic cooperation has been growing steadily, with bilateral trade increasing to 58.7 billion U.S. dollars in 2016 from 43.9 billion dollars in 2010 and the completion of a number of landmark infrastructure projects, said the premier.

People-to-people exchanges have been strengthened in the fields of education, culture, health, tourism, media, think tank, political party and youth, and at local levels, he said.

After a great start, the 16+1 cooperation demands a new direction and new momentum, the premier said, adding that he will work with CEEC leaders to review what the two sides have achieved in the five years and draw a blueprint for the future.

On China-Hungary ties, Li said both countries are beneficiaries and supporters of economic globalization, and it is in line with the fundamental interests of the two countries to stick to trade and investment liberalization and facilitation.

Speaking highly of the strategic alignment of the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative with Hungary’s Eastern Opening policy, Li said the Belt and Road Initiative and 16+1 cooperation have put the two countries’ economic and trade cooperation on a fast lane, with progress made in the areas of investment, finance, agriculture, scientific and technological innovation and small and medium-sized enterprises.

China and Hungary have also made strides in people-to-people exchange and cooperation in the areas of culture, education, sports, tourism and traditional Chinese medicine, he said.

Both sides hold that China-Hungary ties have entered the best period in history, Li said.

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has set out a grand blueprint and action guideline for future development of China, said Li, adding that a more open and prosperous China will surely bring more and greater opportunities to all countries in the world including Hungary.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Commentary: Less anxious, more active EU needed in China-CEE cooperation

«BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — As Chinese Premier Li Keqiang heads to Budapest on Sunday for the sixth meeting of heads of government of China-Central and Eastern European (CEE) Countries, the once lagging behind part of Europe gets another chance to showcase its new title — the fastest growing region in Europe.

Data from the European Union (EU) lists Romania (8.6 percent in Q3, 2017), Latvia (6.2 percent), Poland and Czech Republic (both 5.0 percent) as top four fastest growing economies in the Union, which happen to be members of the China-CEE cooperation framework and take the lion’s share of China’s investment in the region.»


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Transport most promising field of cooperation between Poland, CEEC, China: Polish PM.

WARSAW, Oct. 25 (Xinhua) — Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo on Wednesday said transport is “one of the most promising fields of cooperation between Poland, the whole Central and Eastern Europe, and China.”

She made the statement as ministers of transport from China and Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC) met here on Wednesday for the second CEEC-China Transport Ministers’ Meeting, which aims to improve cooperation in the area of transport.

During the opening ceremony, Szydlo said Poland has plans to develop the country’s transport infrastructure, including road, rail, air, sea links and inland waterways.

He Jianzhong, vice-minister of transport of China, said that China is willing to work with CEEC to promote the integration of Eurasian transport, accelerate interconnection of infrastructure and work together for a new chapter in China-CEEC transport cooperation.

 

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