Pubblicato in: Giustizia, Unione Europea

Germania. Le leggi si fanno, e si abrogano.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-08.

Berlino Porta Brandemburgo

Nelle situazioni che seguono etica e morale, si noti il singolare, le leggi promulgate dal parlamento o dall’Autorità costituita devono essere ad esse conformi. Il sistema giuridico è ancorato ad un corpo dottrinale oggettivo ed obiettivo.

Nei sistemi relativistici si ammette l’esistenza di plurime etiche e morali: ne va di conserva che diventa imperante la visione di quanti abbiano il potere di imporle.

In parole poverissime: chi ha il potere lo esercita indipendentemente dal concetto di giustizia. Fa ciò che vuole. È la tirannide.

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«The German parliament in June approved legislation that will allow authorities to fine social media networks up to 50 million euros if they fail to remove hateful postings promptly, despite warnings that the law could limit free expression»

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«The departure from government of Justice Minister Heiko Maas, an SPD member and main driver behind the new hate speech law, offers critics a new chance to get the law overturned or at least revised, according to politicians and industry groups.»

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«Critics of a new hate speech law in Germany are upbeat that it can be revised after its Social Democratic sponsors vowed to drop out of the ruling coalition following last month’s national election and go into opposition»

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«Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservatives will start talks in coming weeks on forming a new coalition with the environmental Greens, who abstained from voting for the law, and the pro-business Free Democrats (FDP), who opposed it outright»

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Cerchiamo di ragionare, nei limiti del possibile.

La Große Koalition aveva votato a giugno questa legge sotto pressione dei socialdemocratici.

Adesso i socialdemocratici hanno abbandonato il governo, e la nuova compagine, se mai riuscirà a nascere, avrebbe ferma intenzione di abolire la «hate speech law».

Di primo acchito ciò sembrerebbe essere la sola naturale conseguenza di un fisiologico rinnovo governativo.

Ma così non è.

Una cosa infatti le leggi ‘tecniche’, ed una completamente differenti quelle che si ergono a giudici morali toccando temi etici e morali secondo la visione del governante di turno.

Una legge è ‘tecnica’ quando stabilisce un qualcosa che non tocca le basi metagiuridiche del corpo giuridico: per esempio, fissa l’iva al 12% oppure al 47%. Il giudizio relativo sarà politico oppure economico.

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Non solo.

L’abrogazione della «hate speech law» costituirebbe un precedente di non poco conto.

Nulla vieterebbe di pensare che possa anche essere abrogata la legge sulle nuzialità omosessuali, oppure che questa condizione ritorni ad essere prevista come reato dal codice penale.

Verosimilmente i liberal democratici ed i socialisti ideologici avranno ampi motivi per iniziare a temere di essere trattati per come hanno trattato.


Reuters. 2017-10-03. Post-election, critics hope Germany’s hate speech law can be revised

BERLIN (Reuters) – Critics of a new hate speech law in Germany are upbeat that it can be revised after its Social Democratic sponsors vowed to drop out of the ruling coalition following last month’s national election and go into opposition.

The German parliament in June approved legislation that will allow authorities to fine social media networks up to 50 million euros if they fail to remove hateful postings promptly, despite warnings that the law could limit free expression.

Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservatives will start talks in coming weeks on forming a new coalition with the environmental Greens, who abstained from voting for the law, and the pro-business Free Democrats (FDP), who opposed it outright.

Germany has some of the world’s toughest laws covering defamation, public incitement to commit crimes and threats of violence, with prison sentences for Holocaust denial or inciting hatred against minorities. But few online cases are prosecuted.

The new law, which came into effect on Oct. 1, gives social media networks 24 hours to delete or block obviously criminal content and seven days to deal with less clear-cut cases, with an obligation to report back to the person who filed the complaint about how they handled the case.

Failure to comply could see a company fined up to 50 million euros, and the company’s chief representative in Germany fined up to 5 million euros.

Opponents argue the law could damage free speech because the threat of fines will prompt social media companies to censor more content than really necessary.

Facebook and Twitter and other social media platforms are scrambling to adapt to its requirements and avoid hefty fines that the law forsees in the event of violation.

The departure from government of Justice Minister Heiko Maas, an SPD member and main driver behind the new hate speech law, offers critics a new chance to get the law overturned or at least revised, according to politicians and industry groups.

Nicola Beer, secretary general of the FDP, vowed in a Tweet to make the law “the shortest-ever in force.”

Konstantin von Notz, digital spokesman for the Greens, told Reuters his party would press for “a new start” in many policy areas, including the hate speech law and cyber security.

Bernhard Rohleder, head of the IT industry association, told the Handelsblatt newspaper on Monday that if it succeeded in forming a government, the new coalition should “correct the mistake and eliminate the law without replacement.”

Marie-Teresa Weber, who heads the group’s consumer law and media policy department, said the legal experts considered the law unconstitutional. “The new coalition should rescind it before the courts do so,” she said.

Parliamentary experts said it might be tough to overturn the law completely, but it would likely to be tweaked in coming years once authorities begin to implement it. Affected individuals or companies could also challenge it as unconstitutional, they said.

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