Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale

Regno Unito. A fare i gioppini si fallisce. Il caso Monarch.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-02.

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Le compagnie aeree di bandiera erano carrozzoni galattici. E mica solo in Italia.

Ben pochi investimenti e salari a go go per tutti. Tutti i raccomandati con la tessera del partito giusto.

Ricordo bene dei voli Alitalia Genova – Roma con a bordo otto hostess tanto cinguettanti quanto nullafecenti.

Poi vennero le compagnie low cost.

Manna dal Cielo per gli utenti.

Ma è anche molto difficile gestire situazioni che viaggiano sul filo del rasoio.

«The fall of the pound left Monarch paying £50m a year more for fuel and aircraft, purchased in dollars. »

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«In a letter to staff, its chief executive, Andrew Swaffield, said the airline was carrying 14% more passengers than last year for £100m less revenue. He said the “root causes” of its declining revenue were terror attacks in Egypt and Tunisia and the decline of its Turkey business.»

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«The union said potential investors and buyers were deterred by the continuing uncertainty surrounding Brexit and whether British airlines could continue flights around Europe»

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Che i tempi siano duri, non ci piove.

Che i Governi siano composti da personaggi fotogenici è cosa nota così come che siano braccia sottratte al lavoro in miniera è cosa altrettanto nota.

Ma anche la Monarch non è immune da critiche.

Razionalizzare i costi è un’arte raffinata, e richiede la collaborazione sia degli amministrativi sia di tutto il resto del personale. A Monarch ciò non è riuscito.

Che i paesi islamici mediterranei siano in subbuglio è cosa nota, così come le difficoltà nate nei collegamenti con i paesi dell’Europa continentale. Ma forse l’aspetto peggiore sarebbe quello di non aver costituito a suo tempo scorte liquide degne di tal nome per sopperire ad esigenze repentine ed onerose.

Una nota unica.

Al momento Monarch sta picchiando duro sul Contribuente e lascia a casa 2,750 persone, alle quali si dovrebbero aggiungere le altre seicento facenti capo alla Mael.

Se lo stato non la avesse massacrata di tasse adesso non si troverebbe nella condizione di dover ripianare lui questo immane buco. E tutta quella gente avrebbe ancora un lavoro. Brutta bestia l’ingordigia pubblica.


Aska. 2017-10-02. La low cost Monarch fallisce, migliaia di passeggeri a terra

Era la quinta compagnia aerea del Regno Unito.

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Londra (askanews) – In poche ore il Regno Unito ha dovuto dar vita a una delle più grandi operazioni di rimpatrio dei propri cittadini mai compiuta prima. A causarla il fallimento della compagnia aerea low cost britannica Monarch Airlines che, nella notte tra il primo e il 2 ottobre 2017, ha dichiarato fallimento, chiedendo l’ammissione all’amministrazione controllata e lasciando letteralmente a terra migliaia di passeggeri.

La stessa compagnia ha comunicato l’accaduto con una nota sul suo sito internet. “Monarch conferma di aver cessato le attività e di essere entrata in amministrazione controllata – si leggeva – siamo spiacenti di avvisare che a partire dal 2 ottobre 2017, tutti i pacchetti vacanze e i voli offerti dalla compagnia sono annullati e non più disponibili”.

“È una situazione senza precedenti – ha aggiunto la compagnia – perché ci sono oltre 110mila passeggeri all’estero. Il governo britannico ha chiesto alla CAA (l’authority inglese per l’aviazione civile) di coordinare i voli verso il Regno Unito per tutti i clienti attualmente all’estero, senza costi aggiuntivi”.

“Sono arrivata un po’ prima per verificare che non ci fossero problemi – ha detto questa donna – però tutto è andato bene, non c’è stato alcun ritardo e il volo è partito più o meno all’orario previsto”.

“Una donna con cui stavamo parlando ha ricevuto una e-mail e altri hanno ricevuto un sms ma noi nulla – ha spiegato una coppia di coniugi – allora siamo andati sul sito web della Caa, ci hanno trovato un altro volo e ora siamo qui”.

Monarch Airlines è la quinta compagnia aerea britannica per grandezza e la più grande ad essere entrata in amministrazione controllata.


The Guardian. 2017-10-02. Monarch Airlines collapse: UK’s biggest peacetime repatriation under way

Civil Aviation Authority says it is taking action to get 110,000 people back to UK, with 750,000 future bookings cancelled.

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The UK’s biggest peacetime repatriation is under way after the collapse of Monarch Airlines, with 110,000 customers to be brought home on specially chartered planes and a further 750,000 told that their bookings have been cancelled.

The 4am announcement that Britain’s longest-surviving airline brand had been placed into administration meant many passengers arrived at airports on Monday morning, only to find their flights cancelled and holiday plans in tatters. Some were informed just minutes before they were due to board planes.

About 2,100 Monarch employees face losing their jobs. Administrators and unions said they hoped many could be taken on by other airlines that are interested in buying up parts of Monarch’s business.

The first of more than 700 flights home in a £60m operation for the Civil Aviation Authority landed on Monday at Gatwick airport, carrying Monarch customers from Ibiza. The regulator has chartered 34 planes, including from EasyJet and Qatar Airways, for the repatriation from destinations across Europe. It said all customers due to return to the UK in the next two weeks – even those without bookings protected under the Atol scheme – would be flown home at no extra cost and did not need to cut short their stay. ..

The CAA chief executive, Andrew Haines, said: “This is the biggest UK airline ever to cease trading, so the government has asked the CAA to support Monarch customers currently abroad to get back to the UK at the end of their holiday at no extra cost to them.

“We are putting together, at very short notice and for a period of two weeks, what is effectively one of the UK’s largest airlines to manage this task. We ask customers to bear with us as we work around the clock to bring everyone home.”

Haines said the CAA had been putting together contingency plans over the last four and a half weeks, but only had a “clear indication” that Monarch was about to go into administration late on Saturday night.

Customers affected by the company’s collapse were urged to check the dedicated website monarch.caa.co.uk for advice and information on flights back to the UK. The CAA said passengers would be brought home on flights as close as possible to their original times, dates and destination, but some consolidation, disruption and delay was inevitable.

Most are due to travel through Spanish airports, with 32,000 set to return this week from Spain and its islands, including more than 6,000 from Alicante and Malaga, and almost 5,300 from Palma Mallorca and 4,400 from Tenerife. Nearly 10,000 people will be flown back by Friday from Portugal, the majority from Faro.

But passengers yet to travel could could be hit harder. Haines said it was a “very mixed picture” for the 300,000 outstanding bookings, affecting a total of 750,000 customers due to leave the UK in the coming weeks and months.

He said close to 50% of Monarch passengers were believed to have some form of Atol protection, and Haines said most of the others should receive refunds on their flights through credit or debit card providers. However, customers who booked accommodation separately may struggle to reclaim their other holiday costs, with many travel insurers excluding airline failure from their policies.

Commenting on the “extraordinary operation”, the transport secretary, Chris Grayling, said: “This is a hugely distressing situation for British holidaymakers abroad – and my first priority is to help them get back to the UK. That is why I have immediately ordered the country’s biggest ever peacetime repatriation to fly about 110,000 passengers who could otherwise have been left stranded abroad.

“Nobody should underestimate the size of the challenge, so I ask passengers to be patient and act on the advice given by the CAA.”

The taxpayer will meet the initial cost of the repatriation, although the government hopes to recoup much of that sum from the Atol protection scheme and credit card payment companies.

Asked whether passengers should have been notified earlier over the problems – with flights still on sale at the weekend – a Department for Transport spokesperson said: “This was a decision made by the company and it is the job of directors and their advisors to decide when a business is no longer a going concern … It is the not the role of government to decide on the viability of a business.”

Monarch, whose headquarters are at London Luton airport, was founded in 1968. It operates from four other UK bases – London Gatwick, Manchester, Birmingham and Leeds Bradford – travelling to more than 40 destinations around the world.

The company employs about 2,750 predominantly UK-based staff, and all but about 600 people working in its engineering division, MAEL, will be affected. Monarch said it would work with the administrators and the unions Balpa and Unite to help its employees find new jobs as quickly as possible.

Unite accused the government of “sitting on its hands” while Monarch went bust. The union said potential investors and buyers were deterred by the continuing uncertainty surrounding Brexit and whether British airlines could continue flights around Europe.

Unite claimed that ministers had rebuffed requests by Monarch for a bridging loan of the kind the German government recently gave to prop up Air Berlin. A government spokesman said that it had been in discussions, but Monarch itself had concluded that a loan would not help it avert administration.

Monarch enjoyed a good reputation for customer service but its long-term future rarely looked assured. In 2014, its Swiss family owners sold the company to the investment firm Greybull Capital, a deal that resulted in airline staff being forced to agree to pay cuts.

Greybull said the airline had been “buffeted by factors outside of its control”. Terrorism and the collapse of the pound after the Brexit vote were the two main factors, it said.

Two of Monarch’s biggest markets, in Egypt and Tunisia, were closed to tourists after terrorist attacks. The Foreign Office advised against travel to Tunisia and Egypt’s Red Sea resorts after the shooting in Sousse and the bombing of a Russian airliner in 2015, stopping charter flights from the UK.

Unrest in Turkey also badly affected Monarch’s holiday business. A resulting flood of seats across airlines to its core business in Spain and Portugal meant cheaper fares, which were unsustainable for Monarch.

The fall of the pound left Monarch paying £50m a year more for fuel and aircraft, purchased in dollars.

In a letter to staff, its chief executive, Andrew Swaffield, said the airline was carrying 14% more passengers than last year for £100m less revenue. He said the “root causes” of its declining revenue were terror attacks in Egypt and Tunisia and the decline of its Turkey business.

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