Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Germania. Posizioni politiche a confronto. Snap o early election.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-02.

Merkel Elezioni

L’azione politica e la campagna elettorale condotta da Frau Merkel per l’Union, Cdu e Csu, e da Herr Schulz per l’Spd hanno esitato in un significativo decremento delle rispettive quote elettorali. Decremento di tale entità e portata politica da essere assimilabile ad una débâcle. 

Numericamente alcune coalizioni sarebbero possibili, ma politicamente esse sembrerebbero essere fortemente difficoltose.

A seguito riportiamo dalla Bbc un succinto compendio delle maggiori differenze.

Stando così le cose, sembrerebbe essere verosimile che alla fine Frau Merkel non riesca a costituire un Governo stabile.

Sono tutti di accordo di non avere nessun punto condiviso.

Di qui la verosimile necessità di procedere a nuove elezioni politiche federali.

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Main policies. Grand Coalition.

  • Euro

  • CDU/CSU

No debt-sharing, keep euro together. Merkel open to euro-area budget, European monetary fund

  • SPD

Euro-area budget, European monetary fund. Maintain euro, end fiscal austerity

  • Taxes/Economy

  • CDU/CSU

15 billion-euro tax cut, no tax on rich. Balanced budget, boost government research and development funding.

  • SPD

10 billion-euro middle-class tax cut, raise taxes on income above 250,000 euros. Boost spending on infrastructure, child care, public housing

  • Russia

  • CDU/CSU

Merkel has called for sanctions to stay until Eastern Ukraine cease-fire implemented

  • SPD

Ease sanctions gradually, in line with progress on the Ukraine accord

  • S./Trump

  • CDU/CSU

U.S. is “most important partner outside Europe,” though less reliable than in the past. Will fight unfair trade

  • SPD

U.S. is most important partner outside Europe, regardless of who’s president. Trade distortions require EU countermeasures

  • Defense

  • CDU/CSU

Boost defense spending to 2% of GDP by 2024 to meet NATO target

  • SPD

Don’t raise defense spending to 2 percent of GDP, boost development aid and defense spending in equal measure

  • Refugees

  • CDU/CSU

Keep refugee influx at “permanently low” level, faster deportations from Germany

  • SPD

Right to asylum untouchable, but stronger countermeasures, including deportations and EU border controls

  • Energy/Climate

  • CDU/CSU

Pursue government’s renewables strategy, but electricity must be affordable. Uphold Paris climate accord, end coal generation in long term

  • SPD

Consider “alternative models” to fund subsidy-driven renewables strategy. Uphold Paris climate accord. Avoids position on coal

Main policies. Jamaica Coalition.

  • Euro

  • CDU/CSU

No debt-sharing, keep euro together. Merkel open to euro-area budget, European monetary fund

  • FDP

No debt-sharing, allow countries to leave euro. End ECB’s low-rate policy

  • Greens

No clear stand on euro bonds, “sustainable investment” push for Europe

  • Taxes/Economy

  • CDU/CSU

15 billion-euro tax cut, no tax on rich. Balanced budget, boost government research and development funding.

  • FDP

30 billion-euro tax cut, pay down national debt

  • Greens

Introduce tax on the “super-rich”

  • Russia

  • CDU/CSU

Merkel has called for sanctions to stay until Eastern Ukraine cease-fire implemented

  • FDP

Maintain sanctions to punish Putin until Russia ends Crimea occupation

  • Greens

Maintain sanctions to underscore protection of Eastern Europe

  • S./Trump

  • CDU/CSU

U.S. is “most important partner outside Europe,” though less reliable than in the past. Will fight unfair trade

  • FDP

Defend free trade but avoid anti-Americanism, uphold trans-Atlantic partnership while strengthening EU

  • Greens

Foster trans-Atlantic relations with U.S. states and civil society

  • Defense

  • CDU/CSU

Boost defense spending to 2% of GDP by 2024 to meet NATO target

  • FDP

Raise combined foreign, defense and development spending to 3 percent of GDP

  • Greens

Reject spending 2 percent of GDP, boost crisis prevention

  • Refugees

  • CDU/CSU

Keep refugee influx at “permanently low” level, faster deportations from Germany

  • FDP

Three-tier system with political asylum, temporary rights for war refugees and regular immigration

  • Greens

Liberal asylum policy, prefer voluntary returns over deportations

  • Energy/Climate

  • CDU/CSU

Pursue government’s renewables strategy, but electricity must be affordable. Uphold Paris climate accord, end coal generation in long term

  • FDP

Let clean-power subsidies expire, slash tax that funds renewable energy shift

  • Greens

Introduce national carbon tax, end industry exemptions from renewable-energy tax. Carry out Paris climate accord

Main policies. AfD.

  • Euro

Leave euro area, prepare option of return to deutsche mark

  • Taxes/Economy

Cut taxes for low and medium earners, retire with full benefits after 45 years

  • Russia

End sanctions, strengthen economic ties with Russia

  • S./Trump

U.S. most important ally, but Germany needs own security strategy

  • Defense

Strengthen NATO’s European pillar, restore conscription abolished under Merkel

  • Refugees

Close borders to stop “unregulated” mass migration

  • Energy/Climate

Withdraw from Paris climate accord, end German clean-power subsidies now

Annunci