Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Forte della recente elezione di Mr Macron a Presidente dei francesi e della scontata rielezione di Frau Merkel al Cancellierato, l’asse franco – tedesco si appresta alla battaglia per far transitare l’Unione Europea in una sorta di Impero Europeo.
Al momento attuale l’Unione Europea è una unione di stati che hanno conferito parte della loro sovranità all’Unione, senza quasi aver mai chiesto il suffragio di un referendum popolare. Se questo fu a suo tempo un vero e proprio colpo di mano, per non usare un altro ben più appropriato termine, adesso il duo Macron – Merkel si ripropone di costituire un vero e proprio stato europeo. Si inizierebbe dapprima con una totale fusione economica, con la nomina di un ministro delle finanze europeo con poterei legislativi, esecutivi, nonché coercitivi. La filosofia è quella che chi detenga i cordoni della borsa avrebbe in pugno tutti. Poi dovrebbe venire tutto il resto.
Né Mr Macron né Frau Merkel intendono proporre tale iniziativa alla vidimazione popolare.
Una simile mutazione dovrebbe avvenire in modo quasi impercettibile ai più, facendo soltanto variare il modo con cui le Corti di Giustizia Europee interpreteranno i Trattati, facendo dire loro ciò che compiace l’attuale dirigenza europea.
«the “real battle is just beginning”»
«the European Court of Justice (ECJ) threw out the case from Hungary and Slovakia against the EU’s quota scheme to spread up to 160,000 Syrian, Iraqi and Eritrean asylum seekers among the 28 member states.»
«Hungary is a European Union member, so the bloc’s treaties must be respected and the court’s rulings must be acknowledged»
«But this is not a reason to change an immigration policy that rejects migrants»
«The court’s ruling does not require Hungary to do anything»
«It is not us Hungarians who question the rules of the club, but the Commission had changed the rules and this is unacceptable»
«The whole issue raises a very serious question of principles: whether we are an alliance of European free nations with the Commission representing our joint interests, or a European empire which has its centre in Brussels and which can issue orders.»
* * * * * * *
Mr Viktor Orban ha sintetizzato nelle ultime due frasi il vero oggetto del contendere.
Il problema dei migranti diventa a questo punto del tutto irrilevante: è solo il pretesto.
L’Unione Europea si è cambiata le regole senza dir nulla a nessuno e vorrebbe imporle. Usiamo il verbo “imporre” perché esse non sono state votate dal popolo.
E Francia e Germania si apprestano a lasciarsi alle spalle un’alleanza economica di libere nazioni con una Commissione che rappresenti i comuni interessi per trasformarsi in quello che Mr Orban definisce lo “Impero Europeo”, impiantato a Bruxelles a dare ordini.
«the “real battle is just beginning”»
A molti sembrerebbe sfuggire la differenza che intercorre tra Impero e Stato.
Lo stato è una struttura centralizzata che raggruppa persone omogenee per concezione di vita e, di norma, per lingua parlata. Quando si espande, tende ad integrare: le nuove acquisizioni devono diventare parte integrante dello stato, pensare in modo identico almeno sui grandi temi. La concezione attuale dello stato è in buona sostanza quella illuminista.
L’impero invece altro non è che un governo centrale che avoca a sé politica estera e militare, nonché i grandi indirizzi economici, lasciando identitari gli stati membri. Questi continueranno a reggersi con le loro religioni, leggi e norme: l’impero ben difficilmente metterà voce nei loro affari interni.
Da questo punto di vista, una confederazione altro non sarebbe che un impero formato su base volontaria.
La Confederazione svizzera è un chiaro esempio, così come la Cina.
→ Aljazeera. 2017-09-08. Hungary to fight EU migrant quotas despite setback
EU top court rejected Hungary’s challenge on migrant relocation plan, but Prime Minister Viktor Orban vows to fight on.
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban has said the “real battle is just beginning”, vowing to continue fighting against the European Union’s migrant relocation plan despite suffering a setback at the bloc’s top court.
Orban’s remarks on Friday came two days after the European Court of Justice (ECJ) threw out the case from Hungary and Slovakia against the EU’s quota scheme to spread up to 160,000 Syrian, Iraqi and Eritrean asylum seekers among the 28 member states.
“Hungary is a European Union member, so the bloc’s treaties must be respected and the court’s rulings must be acknowledged,” the populist leader said in a radio interview.
“But this is not a reason to change an immigration policy that rejects migrants,” he added.
“The court’s ruling does not require Hungary to do anything”, Orban said, because it focused only on whether the EU had the legal right to enforce refugee quotas.
He said EU countries which let in migrants, unlike Hungary, decided to do so of their own will and now they cannot ask Budapest to take a part in correcting their mistake.
“It is not us Hungarians who question the rules of the club, but the Commission had changed the rules and this is unacceptable,” Orban said.
The “real battle [against Brussels] is just beginning,” he added.
“The whole issue raises a very serious question of principles: whether we are an alliance of European free nations with the Commission representing our joint interests, or a European empire which has its centre in Brussels and which can issue orders.”
On Wednesday, the Luxembourg-based ECJ rejected a complaint filed by Hungary and Slovakia, reaffirming the bloc’s right to order individual countries to accept refugees as part of a scheme drawn up in a bid to resettle arriving refugees more equally across the EU.
Under the scheme, Hungary is required to take in 1,294 refugees and Slovakia 902.
The court’s decision is final and not open to appeal. As a result, European officials will continue to be able to order member state governments to take in specific quotas of refugees entering the bloc. Countries refusing to abide by the programme risk facing fines.
Describing immigration as “poison”, Orban has been at the forefront of a rebellion in eastern and central Europe against the quotas.
At the height of the migrant crisis, Budapest erected fences on its southern borders and recruited 3,000 “border hunter” police to patrol the frontiers.
The tough measures, which were denounced by Brussels and human rights groups, slowed the influx of refugees to a trickle until the so-called “Balkan Route” was effectively closed in March 2016.
In July 2016, Human Rights Watch released a reportcriticising Hungary’s treatment of refugees and migrants detained after entering or while attempting to enter its territory, accusing the country’s authorities of “breaking all the rules for asylum seekers”.
Last month, Orban asked the EU to refund half the 800 million euros ($950m) Hungary says it has spent on the borders.
But European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker chided Hungary this week for demanding extra money while refusing to participate in the relocation scheme.
Orban on Thursday sharply criticised Juncker’s response, saying that forcing Hungary to accept immigrants amounted to “violence”.
In July, the EU Commission threatened the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland with lawsuits for not implementing the relocation measures.
Hungary and Poland remain the only EU states that “have not relocated a single person”, while the Czech Republic has not relocated anyone since August 2016, the Commission said.
→ Aljazeera. 2017-04-17. UN urges EU not to send asylum seekers back to Hungary
Asylum seekers, including children, are being held in shipping containers surrounded by razor fences, the UN says.
The United Nations has urged European Union members to stop returning asylum seekers to Hungary, blaming the country’s tough new policy of systematically detaining them in high-security container camps.
Refugees and migrants have long suffered dire living conditions in Hungary, a country accused by rights groups of “breaking all the rules” for asylum seekers, including vicious beatings and violent pushbacks by security forces.
“The situation for asylum seekers in Hungary, which was already of deep concern to UNHCR, has only gotten worse since the new law introducing mandatory detention for asylum seekers came into effect,” Filippo Grandi, the UN’s high commissioner for refugees, said on Monday.
Since the law came into force on March 28, all new asylum seekers, including children, have been “detained in shipping containers surrounded by high razor fences at the border for the entire length of their asylum procedures”, according to UNHCR.
Some 110 people, including four unaccompanied children and children with their families, are being held there currently.
The agency also said it remained very concerned over “highly disturbing reports of serious incidents of ill-treatment and violence” against people crossing the border into Hungary, including by state agents.
“These unacceptable practices must be brought to an end,” Grandi said, urging Hungary to investigate abuse allegations.
Cecile Pouilly, a UNHCR spokeswoman for Europe, told Al Jazeera that asylum seekers could be detained for up to 12 months.
The containers are “definitely not a place where you would like children to be accommodated nor detained”, she said, adding that they did not have space for beds, wardrobes or chairs.
While other countries also detain asylum seekers, Pouilly said Hungary’s new law was extremely worrying because it makes detention “systematic and mandatory”.
Some 324 shipping container homes have been installed at two separate locations called “transit zones”, according to the government. They are built into a fence that Hungary erected along its 175km-long southern border in 2015.
Defending the measure earlier this year, Prime Minister Viktor Orban said it was needed as a response to “terror” attacks in Europe, citing the November 2015 attacks in Paris.
The move reinstates Hungary’s practice of detaining asylum applicants, which it suspended in 2013 under pressure from human rights groups.
The UNHCR warned last month that the practice would “have a terrible physical and psychological impact on women, children and men who have already greatly suffered.”
In October last year, the majority of Hungarians voted against an EU referendum aimed at sharing 160,000 refugees around the 28-member bloc through mandatory quotas.
It has since not accepted any asylum seekers allocated under the scheme.
Hungary granted asylum, or some form of protection, to 425 people out of 29,432 applications in 2016.