Pubblicato in: Cina, Putin, Russia

Cina. Xiamen. Discorsi introduttivi dei capi di stato.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-03.

Pechino-Cina

È davvero interessante leggersi le dichiarazioni preliminari rilasciate dai capi di stato prima di raggiungere Xiamen.

Sono tutte rilasciate in linguaggio diplomatico, per cui sarebbe opportuno leggersele tra le righe ed estrapolarle ben oltre la stringata sintesi delle frasi. Questo vale soprattutto per la dichiarazione rilasciata dal Presidente Putin.

L’arte di saper leggere aiuta a capire meglio. – Science.

Fonti di informazione e difficoltà di tenersi informati.

È significativo come la pagina Reuters dedicata alla Cina non riporti nulla a tutt’oggi.

^ ^ ^

«Chinese President Xi Jinping said Sunday BRICS countries should uphold global peace and stability, stressing a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security»

*

«We BRICS countries are committed to upholding global peace and contributing to the international security order»

*

«We should uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and basic norms governing international relations, firmly support multilateralism, work for greater democracy in international relations, and oppose hegemonism and power politics»

*

«I am convinced that as long as we take a holistic approach to fighting terrorism in all its forms, and address both its symptoms and root causes, terrorists will have no place to hide»

^ ^ ^

«Egypt’s participation in the BRICS summit will open new horizons for Egypt’s economy as it will boost its economic cooperation with the bloc»

*

«I hope one day Egypt becomes a BRICS member, not just a guest of honor, because this will open massive horizons for cooperation with the group’s members, which will surely be very beneficial to the Egyptian economy»

*

«We appreciate China’s support for the Egyptian economy, which was clearly shown when Egypt suffered a shortage of foreign currency and China made a currency swap deal with Egypt to carry out trade exchange in their local currencies»

^ ^ ^

«Russian President Vladimir Putin said Russia highly values the multifaceted cooperation with BRICS to create a fair multipolar world and equal development conditions for all»

*

«Putin said he appreciated China’s significant contribution as this year’s chair of the organization, “which has allowed the BRICS countries as a group to move forward in all key areas of our partnership, including politics, the economy and culture.”»

*

«It is important that our group’s activities are based on the principles of equality, respect for one another’s opinions and consensus.Within BRICS, nothing is ever forced on anyone»

*

«This open and trust-based atmosphere is conducive to the successful implementation of our tasks»

*

«Putin said Russia stands for closer coordination of the BRICS countries’ foreign policies, primarily at the United Nations and Group of 20, as well as other international organizations»

*

«Only the combined efforts of all countries can help bring about global stability and find solutions to many acute conflicts»

*

«Putin said the region’s problems should only be settled through a direct dialogue of all the parties concerned without any preconditions. …. Provocations, pressure, and militarist and insulting rhetoric are a dead-end road»

* * * * * * * *

Ricordiamo alcuni elementi utili.

-> Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.

*

-> I Brics allargati hanno la maggioranza in seno all’Assemblea delle Nazioni Unite. Ci si ricordi che:

Egypt blocks U.N. call to respect ‘democratically elected’ government in Turkey


Xinhua. 2017-09-03. Xi stresses world peace, security at BRICS Business Forum

XIAMEN, Sept. 3 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Xi Jinping said Sunday BRICS countries should uphold global peace and stability, stressing a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security.

“We BRICS countries are committed to upholding global peace and contributing to the international security order,” he said while delivering a keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the BRICS Business Forum scheduled for Sept. 3-4 in the southeastern coastal city of Xiamen.

This year, the BRICS countries have held the Meeting of High Representatives for Security Issues and the Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs and International Relations. The countries have put in place the regular meeting mechanism for permanent representatives to the multilateral institutions, and convened the Foreign Policy Planning Dialogue, the Meeting of Counter-Terrorism Working Group, the Meeting of Cybersecurity Working Group, and the Consultation on Peacekeeping Operations.

These efforts aim to strengthen consultation and coordination on major international and regional issues and build synergy among BRICS countries, Xi said.

“We should uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and basic norms governing international relations, firmly support multilateralism, work for greater democracy in international relations, and oppose hegemonism and power politics,” he said.

He also called on BRICS countries to take a constructive part in the process of resolving geopolitical hotspot issues and make due contributions.

“I am convinced that as long as we take a holistic approach to fighting terrorism in all its forms, and address both its symptoms and root causes, terrorists will have no place to hide,” he said.

When dialogue, consultation and negotiation are conducted to create conditions for achieving political settlement of issues such as Syria, Libya and the PalestineIsrael conflict, the flame of war can be put out, and displaced refugees will eventually return to their homes, he said.


Xinhua. 2017-08-31. Interview: Joining BRICS summit opens new horizons for Egypt’s economy: veteran journalist

CAIRO, Aug. 31 (Xinhua) — Egypt’s participation in the BRICS summit will open new horizons for Egypt’s economy as it will boost its economic cooperation with the bloc, the head of Egypt’s largest state-run newspaper Al-Ahram told Xinhua in an exclusive interview.

“I hope one day Egypt becomes a BRICS member, not just a guest of honor, because this will open massive horizons for cooperation with the group’s members, which will surely be very beneficial to the Egyptian economy,” said Abdel-Mohsen Salama, chief executive officer of Al-Ahram Foundation and head of Egypt’s Syndicate of Journalists.

At the invitation of Chinese President Xi Jinping, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi will soon fly to the southeastern Chinese city of Xiamen to attend the ninth summit of the large economic bloc scheduled for Sept. 3-5.

The BRICS summit was first launched by Brazil, Russia, India and China in 2006 and expanded to include South Africa in 2010.

“We appreciate China’s support for the Egyptian economy, which was clearly shown when Egypt suffered a shortage of foreign currency and China made a currency swap deal with Egypt to carry out trade exchange in their local currencies,” Salama told Xinhua.

“That move positively affected the Egyptian economic conditions then,” he added.

The economic cooperation between Egypt and China is a “win-win situation” as China could help boost the Egyptian economy while Egypt can be China’s commercial portal in the Arab and African worlds, Salama noted.

Under the leadership of Sisi and Xi, the Sino-Egyptian ties have been elevated to a comprehensive strategic partnership, while the bilateral trade volume increased to 11.3 billion U.S. dollars in 2016, making Egypt China’s third largest trade partner in Africa.

Salama, who will be part of the Sisi-led delegation to Xiamen, expects his first visit to China to be a chance for learning more about the Chinese experience which has turned the country into the second largest economy in the world in a few decades.

“The Chinese experience needs to be well examined. I would like to learn more about the details of the Chinese experience as it is important to my personal knowledge and to my career as a chief journalist in Egypt,” the veteran journalist said.

Egypt sees its participation in the BRICS summit as a good opportunity to continue consultation with China on various issues of mutual interest and to follow up on their joint projects in many fields, given that several Chinese companies are promoting infrastructure projects in Egypt.

In a recent interview with Chinese media, Sisi said the BRICS Business Forum, a major side-event of the BRICS summit, is a good opportunity to present the economic reform by the Egyptian government and its measures to attract foreign investment.”Egypt needs technical aid from China to learn how to copy the Chinese industrial experience in Egypt, so that Egypt can change from an interest-based economy to a production-based one,” said Salama.

The Al-Ahram chief expressed the hope that China can help Egypt by exporting its expertise to the Arab country, “especially in the industrial fields where China has achieved a lot of progress.”

Egypt is also a focal point in China’s Belt and Road Initiative launched by Xi four years ago. The initiative comprises the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, designed to revive ancient trade routes to link China with a number of countries in Asia, Africa and Europe through trade and infrastructure networks.

Salama hailed the initiative as a “very important and active springboard” for further economic cooperation through sustainable development projects among the states along the Belt and Road routes.

“Egypt attaches importance to this initiative and takes part in it, as it comes within the framework of fast-growing economic relations between Egypt and China,” Salama said.


Xinhua. 2017-08-31. UNDP chief: BRICS sends promising signal

UNITED NATIONS, Aug. 31 (Xinhua) — Achim Steiner, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Administrator told Xinhua here Wednesday that the BRICS countries together are sending a promising signal to the world in peace and development.

Steiner said “I hope that through the BRICS summit, to be held next week in China’s harbor city of Xiamen, these emerging economy countries could play their role in meeting the big challenges humanity is facing.”

He said that the economic transformation in the past decades have elevated these countries not only in economic term, but also provided them a platform to influence the outcomes of global significance.

Steiner said that counties should look after not only their own interests, but also collective interests, which is the core idea of UN system.

The UN official said in 2015, the General Assembly, or the parliament of the world, adopted the agenda for 2030, the 17 goals for sustainable development goals (SDGs) were based on lessons learned through decades of development in the world that climate change, population, poverty, refugees, economic and financial instability, and inequality could become the risks to world economy, peace and stability.

The SDGs are an expression the goals of interdependence. Nations poor or rich, small or large, depend on one another for our future, he said, adding that fast economies will be at risk if they do not dress the problem of inequality.

The future of our future generations will be compromised if pollution and climate changes are not collectively handled. In this perspective, climate change and pollution is a sustainable issue which might otherwise be an inter-generation problem.

Above all, SDGs is a commitment to collaboration, we must act together to face all the challenges which go back to the core idea of UN which is multilateralism, Steiner said.

China, which has helped hundreds of millions of people out of poverty in the past decades and contributed enormously to the world, is trying to address the problem of inequality which are often found in fast economies, Steiner said.

No one should be left behind, either geographically or in terms of their income levels, he said.

In the past few years, China has been taking its economic growth path and lessons learned into a broader international context, as the country depends on the rest of the world for relations, market, resources and partners.

In its Belt and Road Initiative, and China-Africa Summit, we have seen that China embraces the notion of being partners to other countries of the world and addresses sharing its success with other countries, the UN official said.

China, with its economic size and development priories, is leading the world in south-south cooperation, which is very important for UNDP in accomplishing its goals, he said.

Through its ecological civilization policies and policies its government is still mapping out, China’s development is benefiting the world, he said.

China’s renewable energy technology and mass production ability have lowered threshold for many African countries in getting their cleaner energy. This, again is a good example of what China has been doing in south-south cooperation, Steiner said.

The coming BRICS summit is expected to offer another platform for emerging countries to share their lessons in development and bring them closer in facing challenges ahead, he said.

BRICS — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, is recognized as an important force in global governance. China holds the BRICS presidency this year.


Xinhua. 2017-09-01. Putin says looking forward to developing strategic partnerships with BRICS

MOSCOW, Sept. 1 (Xinhua) — Russian President Vladimir Putin said Russia highly values the multifaceted cooperation with BRICS to create a fair multipolar world and equal development conditions for all, in a signed article published on Friday.

In the article for the 9th BRICS Summit to be held in Xiamen, China on Sept. 3-5, Putin said he appreciated China’s significant contribution as this year’s chair of the organization, “which has allowed the BRICS countries as a group to move forward in all key areas of our partnership, including politics, the economy and culture.”

The BRICS is the acronym for a group of five emerging economies — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Originally the first four were grouped as “BRIC” before the inclusion of South Africa in 2010. Since 2009, the BRICS countries have met annually at formal summits.

“It is important that our group’s activities are based on the principles of equality, respect for one another’s opinions and consensus. Within BRICS, nothing is ever forced on anyone,” Putin added, “This open and trust-based atmosphere is conducive to the successful implementation of our tasks”.

Putin said Russia stands for closer coordination of the BRICS countries’ foreign policies, primarily at the United Nations and Group of 20, as well as other international organizations. “Only the combined efforts of all countries can help bring about global stability and find solutions to many acute conflicts,” he wrote in the article.

As for the situation on the Korean Peninsula where tensions have grown recently, Putin said the region’s problems should only be settled through a direct dialogue of all the parties concerned without any preconditions. “Provocations, pressure, and militarist and insulting rhetoric are a dead-end road,” he wrote.

“Russia and China have created a roadmap for a settlement on the Korean Peninsula that is designed to promote the gradual easing of tensions and the creation of a mechanism for lasting peace and security,” Putin said in the article.

Putin also called for promoting the interaction of the BRICS countries in the area of global information security. He proposed that the five countries should come together to draft and adopt universal rules of responsible behavior in this sphere.

In the article, Putin pointed out that though Russia shares the BRICS countries’ concerns over the unfairness of the global financial and economic architecture, he felt confident that “the BRICS countries will continue to act in a consolidated manner against protectionism and new barriers in global trade.”

“We hope to be able to discuss new large-scale cooperation tasks in trade and investment and industrial cooperation at the Xiamen Summit,” Putin said.

“I am convinced that the Xiamen Summit will help invigorate our countries’ efforts towards finding solutions to the challenges of the 21st century and will propel cooperation within BRICS to a higher level,” he said.

Annunci