Pubblicato in: Medio Oriente

Turkia. Terminato il fence di 435 miglia (≈700 km) con la Siria.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-17.

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I tedeschi avrebbero dovuto aver imparato cosa sia la Realpolitik quando firmarono il Trattato di Versailles e, un ventina di anni dopo, quando i carri armati dell’Armata Rossa si parcheggiarono sopra le rovine della loro cancelleria.

Similmente, gli Americani avrebbero dovuto imparare qualcosa dalla fine della guerra in Vietnam. Tutta la loro mirabolante tecnologia alla fine perse una guerra asimmetrica. Ciò che conta è il fattore umano.

Con lo stesso modulo ragionativo, l’Occidente dovrebbe razionalizzare che se negli anni sessanta produceva il 90% del pil mondiale, ora ne rende conto per solo il 40%.

L’Unione Europea, guidata dalla Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel, ha posto alla Turkia un ostracismo perché questa nazione non avrebbe accettato la scala valoriale tedesca ed i suoi criteri di ‘buon governo‘. Il risultato è sotto gli occhi di tutti:

Russia arma la Turkia con i sistemi S-400. Trattative per gli S-500.

Germania ed Unione Europea non sono così potenti da poter imporre i propri desiderata altro che nei propri confini: fuori di essi comandano gli altri.

L’Occidente si sta chiudendo nel pericoloso solipsismo, derivazione dell’incompreso fraseggio di Kant sull’idealismo trascendentale, per cui l’autocoscienza pura dell’«io penso» diventerebbe fondamento universale ed oggettivo del conoscere.

Il mondo non è l’Occidente e non ne condivide in nulla la così detta scala valoriale.

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Nel silenzio stampa occidentale, però la Turkia lavora sodo.

Solo un anno fa tutti i media occidentali ne avrebbero parlato in continuazione pubblicando titoli a sei colonne.

«Amid speculation about a fresh wave of refugees into Turkey through its 150 km border with Syria’s northwestern province of Idlib, Ankara is making its national stance clear: The maintenance of national security is a key priority.»

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«Turkey currently holds some 3 million Syrian refugees, making Ankara the world’s largest host of refugees.»

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«Turkey earlier this year completed the construction of a 700 km wall along the Syria border, controlled by a sensor system, cameras and drones.»

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«Ankara wants to manage the crisis on the other side of the border through diplomatic channels»

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«Turkey would probably not reject people on the border, not just because of its international obligations but also due to its humanitarian approach»

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L’utopia di una Europa senza confini nazionali si è sgretolata sotto la pressione della realtà dei fatti.

L’Europa è piena di fence, e molti di essi sono anche militarizzati.

La politica di richiamo ed accoglienza tedesca ha esitato nell’esatto contrario di quanto si sarebbe proposta di ottenere.

Attenzione!

«Amid speculation about a fresh wave of refugees into Turkey through its 150 km border»

Non è assolutamente detto che la Turkia respinga questa nuova ondata migratoria. Potrebbe benissimo lasciarla passare ed incanalarla verso la Grecia.

Con tutte le conseguenze.

Poniamoci però anche la domanda di cosa potrebbe accadere se la Turkia avviasse in Grecia i tre milioni di migranti che ha nei suoi confini.


Gulf Times. 2017-04-11. Turkey completes 556-Km border wall with Syria

Turkey has completed a 556-kilometre wall along its border with Syria, the Defence Ministry said on Tuesday on its Twitter feed.

The wall was designed as a security measure and is made of concrete blocks. Photos from the ministry show the tops of the blocks are covered in barbed wire and there are guard towers placed at intervals.

The project was done in cooperation with TOKI, the state-run public housing body. The body said the wall is about three metres high.

The full length of the border is 911 kilometres.

In the first years of the Syrian civil war, fighters, including many who joined jihadist organizations such as Islamic State, were able to cross the porous border into Syria.

Islamic State has since been driven away from the border by a Turkish land operation inside Syria.

Turkey remains concerned by Kurdish authorities who control most of the border on the Syrian side, though these forces work with the United States in the war against Islamic State.

Human rights groups have expressed concerns that Turkey’s increased security on the border prevents refugees from fleeing Syria. There have been reports of Syrians being shot while trying to flee the war-torn country.

Turkey hosts more than 2 million Syrian refugees and hundreds of thousands from Iraq and other countries.


Crimean News Agency. 2017-06-15. Turkey fenced off from Syria with 700-kilometer wall

The purpose of the construction of a concrete wall on the Turkish-Syrian border is the desire to strengthen security measures.

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In order to block the way for terrorists who penetrated from the Syrian territory, Turkey built a 700-kilometer wall along the entire border with Syria. As of now, 700 km of the construction have been built.

The Turkish Defense Minister Fikri Isik stated in the Turkish parliament, that the wall will be built along the entire Syrian-Turkish border, which is 828 kilometers long. The purpose of construction is to guarantee the security of the Republic.

First of all, the wall should prevent the penetration of Kurdish militants and ISIS terrorists into Turkish territory.

The wall will be equipped with lighting, a sensory system and cameras. The control at the border will be carried out with the help of drone.

According to the Turkish Minister, the countries on the borders with which Turkey can also build such walls, include Iran and Iraq.


Construction. 2017-07-16. Turkey completes 700-mile wall on Syria’s border

Turkey has complated the construction of a 700-mile wall on the border with Syria.

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The fencing is intended to prevent the infiltration of terrorists into Turkey, the Defense Minister of Turkey Fikri Isik told reporters.

He also said that the works on construction of similar walls started at the border with Iran, Hurriyet newspaper told Thursday.

Speaking in the Parliament, the Defense Minister said that within the framework of the ensured “integrated security”, outside borders of Turkey would be equipped with lighting systems, sensors and surveillance cameras.

As a reference, Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; Iraq and Syria to the south.


Arab News. 2017-08-13. Turkey tightens border security ahead of possible new wave of Syrian refugees

ANKARA: Amid speculation about a fresh wave of refugees into Turkey through its 150 km border with Syria’s northwestern province of Idlib, Ankara is making its national stance clear: The maintenance of national security is a key priority.
On Friday, Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said that Turkey is taking necessary measures on this specific part of the border, across which lies an area of Syria where radicals connected to a former Al-Qaeda offshoot have gained control. Turkey also recently restricted the passage of non-humanitarian goods at the Bab Al-Hawa border crossing into Idlib.
Turkey currently holds some 3 million Syrian refugees, making Ankara the world’s largest host of refugees. The refugee camps are also providing aid along the border. The Turkish Red Crescent has already helped the refugees by distributing clothing and toiletries in Idlib, and in June began a housing project there that is expected to cover about 1,000 properties.

Turkey earlier this year completed the construction of a 700 km wall along the Syria border, controlled by a sensor system, cameras and drones.

Dr. Bora Bayraktar of the International Relations Department at Istanbul Kultur University said considering the US-led international coalition’s impending bombing campaign in the region and the possibility that the regime forces may counteract this move, civilians in Idlib may be obliged to move toward the Turkish border.

“However, Turkey doesn’t seem to welcome such a massive refugee influx for now. Ankara wants to manage the crisis on the other side of the border through diplomatic channels,” Bayraktar told Arab News.

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Friday told reporters that Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization is holding negotiations with Russia and Iran about the swift resolution of the Idlib issue.

According to Bayraktar, resolving this issue with local partners diplomatically is the best solution for now.
“Turkey is already hosting a great number of refugees and (upholding its) financial, social and humanitarian responsibilities. On the other hand, it is building walls along its border with Syria, along with increased border security measures,” Bayraktar said.

“There is a risky jihadist presence in Idlib and it will be very difficult to differentiate (between) civilians and jihadists during a possible passage through Turkish gates. Even PYD militia (members of the Kurdish Democratic Union Party) may infiltrate into the country,” he added.

However, Metin Corabatir, former spokesman for the UN refugee agency UNHCR in Turkey and president of the Research Center on Asylum and Migration in Ankara, thinks that if there is a refugee influx toward Turkey due to a possible bombing campaign, it will be against international norms to reject them.

“Since the beginning of the conflict, Turkey adopted an open-door policy, and since 2014 it has a necessary legislative framework to regulate such refugee waves with the aim of managing the refugee issue in a systematic way,” Corabatir told Arab News.

Corabatir noted that if refugees from Idlib come across the border in large numbers, Turkey will be obliged to establish registration facilities, before directing people to refugee camps in Turkey. “If armed groups are also present among these refugee groups, they should be treated separately, be disarmed and be subject to necessary international norms if they are war criminals.”

Ayselin Yildiz, an expert on immigration at Izmir’s Yasar University, noted however that the 22 refugee camps in Turkey’s 10 provinces are already full. “Turkey was planning to extend its hosting capacity in case of a mass flow from Aleppo or Idlib last year, so there were some preparations, however, they might be limited,” Yildiz told Arab News.
“In case of such a huge flow, Turkey would certainly need urgent and concrete cooperation, assistance of international society and organizations.”

Yildiz thinks that Turkey would probably not reject people on the border, not just because of its international obligations but also due to its humanitarian approach. “We do not know whether these people will prefer to remain in Turkey or trigger another flow toward Europe,” she added.

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