Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
In Austria Mr Alexander Van der Bellen è il Presidente e Mr Christian Kern è il Cancelliere Federale, sostenuto da una coalizione tra socialisti e popolari.
«I partiti tradizionali, socialista e conservatore, erano fortemente arretrati nei consensi, mente l’Fpö era salito al punto tale da poter proporre un suo candidato contro tutte le altre formazioni politiche disperatamente ammucchiate assieme. Da molti punti di vista non sarebbe riduttivo affermare che i partiti tradizionali differivano per forma ma non per sostanza, mentre l’Fpö si proponeva come forza con Weltanschauung imperniata sul retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e politico austriaco. Troppo facile e riduttivo asserire che l’Fpö fosse e sia un partito anti-immigrazione: è forza propositiva, non negativa.
In occasione delle elezioni presidenziali divenne cancelliere Herr Christian Kern, ufficialmente indipendente ma con forte connotazione socialista.»
«Herr Christian Kern è un socialdemocratico di acciaio.
La militanza nell’SPÖ lo ha preservato da un’anonima esistenza di lavavetri elevandolo al grado di Ceo delle ferrovie statali austriache. Deve tutto alla burocrazia statale. A suo confronto, Mr. Corbyn è un ultraliberale.
Diamo però atto a Mr. Kern di sapersi adattare alle circostanze, per cui non ci stupiremmo affatto se adesso si presentasse come un campione di liberalità, lasciando agli austriaci la possibilità di possedere e detenere le scarpe che hanno ai piedi.»
L’attuale Cancelliere è Christian Kern (SPÖ), che guida dal 17 maggio 2016 un governo di “grande coalizione” formato da SPÖ e ÖVP, a causa dell’esito incerto delle elezioni politiche del 2013.
Ma i problemi austriaci non sono certo stati risolti con il semplice cambio di Cancellere.
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«I think that’s enough. …. It is simply no longer enjoyable, and it no longer makes sense»
Queste parole di Herr Reinhold Mitterlehner esprimono bene, molto bene, la reale situazione politica austriaca.
I partiti tradizionale richiamano ancora voti quasi per abitudine, ma hanno oramai esaurito ogni spinta propositiva. Sono come inebetiti: constatano una situazione nazionale ed europea ai limiti dell’anormalità mentale, constatano oro incapacità ad affrontare anche piccoli problemi pratici, sopravvivono soltanto perché abbarbicati al potere ed al lucro che ne traggono.
Molto difficilmente però anche le elezioni anticipate potranno risolvere i problemi.
Il modo con cui i partiti tradizionali concepiscono la politica e la gestione dei sistemi economici nazionali è obsoleta, travolta dai tempi attuali e dalle realtà emergenti. Hanno ancora una qualche forza per opporsi ai cambiamenti necessari per far sopravvivere l’Austria, e la useranno per alimentare una palude politica fino a tanto che i tempi non li travolgano in modo completo e definitivo.
Il triste prognostico è quello di un periodo più o meno lungo di chaos.
→ Deutsche Welle. 2017-05-10. Austria’s vice chancellor steps down, setting stage for political shake-up
Reinhold Mitterlehner will also abandon all positions in the Austrian People’s Party. His announcement throws the future of Austria’s ruling coalition into doubt and raises the specter of early elections.
Mitterlehner explained his decision in blunt terms during a last-minute press conference in Vienna on Wednesday.
“I think that’s enough,” the 61-year-old politician said in his remarks. “It is simply no longer enjoyable, and it no longer makes sense,” he added, referring to his job.
The Austrian People’s Party’s (ÖVP) has been struggling with political infighting, and Mitterlehner had faced increased internal pressure relating to his leadership style. In recent days, fellow ÖVP politician and Interior Minister Wolfgang Sobotka said Mitterlehner had “failed as chancellor.”
Mitterlehner will officially step down from his position as vice chancellor and economic, research and science minister this coming Monday. He will resign from his party post over the weekend, a position he has held since 2014.
Who steps in?
Also over the weekend, the ÖVP will meet to discuss who could take over Mitterlehner’s positions.
Current Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz, the conservative party’s youthful hope, is considered to be Mitterlehner’s logical successor. However, the 30-year-old Kurz has previously stated that he does not wish to take the party reins at this time, despite being popular for his tough migration policies.
Under Mitterlehner, the ÖVP has been the junior partner in an increasingly shaky grand coalition with the center-left Austrian Social Democrats (SPÖ) under current Chancellor Christian Kern. His departure further erodes the already-weak alliance and increases the possibility that the coalition will completely crumble, thereby triggering early elections.
However, in response to Mitterlehner’s unexpected announcement, Chancellor Kern expressed his desire to keep the coalition afloat until the regularly scheduled parliamentary elections in late 2018.
“I am convinced that it makes sense to use the more than one year that remains to implement the necessary changes in our country,” Kern said on the heels of Mitterlehner’s announcement.
“I offer a reform partnership to the ÖVP and to Sebastian Kurz,” Kern added.
Hardliners within the ÖVP have questioned the party’s future in light of their long-term junior status, as well as the threat posed to them by the increasing strength of the far-right populist Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ).
The ÖVP currently trails both the FPÖ and the SPÖ in the polls.
→ Deutsche Welle. 2017-01-30. Austrian coalition averts risk of collapse with deal on policy goals
Leaders of Austria’s ruling coalition have narrowly averted the risk of a government collapse after reaching an agreement on a number of policy objectives. The reforms include the introduction of minimum wage packages.
An agreement between the coalition partners in the Austrian government has brought a political crisis in the country to an end, averting snap parliamentary elections that might likely have played into the hands of Austria’s strengthening far right.
Talks between senior cabinet members from Chancellor Christian Kern’s Social Democrats (SPÖ) and the conservative People’s Party (ÖVP) have lasted for the majority of last week, with Kern having initially indicated that failing to reach a deal could have ended the centrist coalition.
The coalition government has been facing falling support over the past years, as Austria has become less attractive for entrepreneurs and investors because of its high tax rates and red tape, contributing to the country’s rising unemployment.
With roughly a year and a half to go until the next parliamentary elections are due, opinion polls show that the far-right Freedom Party (FPÖ) would likely have won if the government had collapsed and early elections were called. The anti-immigration movement has led in voter surveys for more than a year, with roughly a third of voters expressing support of the eurosceptic party.
Two rounds of elections for the largely ceremonial office of Austrian President in 2016 had almost resulted in an FPÖ candidate winning the vote.
A difficult partnership
The new set of policy objectives between the SPÖ and the ÖVP focuses on issues ranging from immigration to employment and education. The coalition hopes to attract back voters who have turned their backs on the two parties, following infighting and disagreement. The new agreement will formally be submitted to both parties’ leaderships at the beginning of the week.
Chancellor Kern had presented his outline for reforms earlier in the month, in a bid to respond to the public impression that the two government parties were deliberately trying to block each other, rather than cooperating to improve the country. His reforms include removing bureaucratic rules to attract investment and setting a minimum wage of 1,500 euros (1,600 dollars).
The SPÖ and ÖVP have not only formed coalition governments continuously since 2007, they have also formed joint cabinets for a total of more than 40 years since 1945.