Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
«K–12 comprises the sum of primary and secondary education in the United States, Canada, South Korea, Turkey, Philippines, Egypt, Australia, India, Afghanistan and Iran for publicly-supported school grades prior to college . The expression is a shortening of kindergarten (K) for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade (12) for 17- to 19-year-olds, the first and last grades of free education in these countries, respectively. The related term P–12 is also occasionally used in Australia and the United States, to refer to the sum of K–12 plus preschool education» [Fonte]
Gli Stati Uniti di America sono nati, e per molto tempo sono rimasti, una federazione di stati che avevano ritenuto buona parte della loro sovranità. Questo era stato l’intendimento dei Padri Fondatori.
Durante gli otto anni di Amministrazione Obama è stato messo in atto un grandioso programma politico di costante limitazione del potere degli Stati membri a favore dell’accentramento federale. Da molti punti di vista gli Stati Uniti stavano trasformandosi da una federazione in uno stato.
Programma che, come tutte le azioni umane, presentava dei pro e dei contro.
Due però erano i vizi che molti riscontravano in esso:
– una mutazione giurisdizionale del genere avrebbe dovuto ricevere un previo avvallo popolare;
– l’allora Amministrazione federale aveva usato questo accentramento di poteri non tanto per una razionalizzazione amministrativa, quanto piuttosto per imporre la propria Weltanschauung in campo etico e mortale;
– il ruolo dei genitori nel sorvegliare l’educazione dei figli era stato di fatto eliminato e sostituito dalla presenza dello stato federale e della sua particolare concezione di vita.
L’Education Federalism Executive Order riporta l’assetto giuridico federale del K-12 a ciò che era precedentemente l’epoca Obama.
«the President is signing an executive order that delivers on his commitment to ensure education decisions are made by those closest to students»
«Since our founding, education was intended to be under state and local control»
«In recent years, however, too many in Washington have advanced top-down mandates that take away autonomy and limit the options available to educators, administrators, and parents»
«Today’s executive order puts an end to this overreach, ensuring that states and localities are free to make educational decisions as required by law»
«Parents will no longer have to worry about the federal government enacting overreaching mandates or requiring states to adopt a federal curriculum at the expense of local education innovation»
* * * * * * *
Fa specie in questa America sentir parlare nuovamente dei valori portati avanti dai Padri Fondatori della Federazione. Pareva che questo modo di concepire la vita, che ha fatto grande l’America, fosse scomparso sotto il chiasso inscenato da frange minoritarie, che alle elezioni gli Elettori hanno bastonato per le feste.
Ma in particolare si resta stupefatti a risentir parlare dei genitori, ripristinando la loro dignità di educatori principi della prole, e sentirne parlare in questi termini:
«Parents will no longer have to worry
about the federal government»
→ The White House. 2017-04-26. On-the-Record Press Call on the Education Federalism Executive Order
Hi, this is Rob Goad. I’m a senior Department of Education official. I’m just going to read a brief statement about the President’s executive order, and then I’ll take a few questions.
So, today, the President is signing an executive order that delivers on his commitment to ensure education decisions are made by those closest to students. Since our founding, education was intended to be under state and local control. In recent years, however, too many in Washington have advanced top-down mandates that take away autonomy and limit the options available to educators, administrators, and parents.
Today’s executive order puts an end to this overreach, ensuring that states and localities are free to make educational decisions as required by law. This executive order makes certain that local leaders will be making the decisions about what happens in the classroom. Parents will no longer have to worry about the federal government enacting overreaching mandates or requiring states to adopt a federal curriculum at the expense of local education innovation.
This EO takes the next needed step toward identifying and eliminating D.C.-driven regulations that attempt to control what students are or aren’t taught. Over the next 300 days, this executive order directs Secretary DeVos to review and, if necessary, modify and repeal regulations and guidance issued by the Department of Education with a clear mandate to identify places where D.C. has overstepped its legal authority.
The Department’s regulatory review task force will manage this process, among other critical regulatory issues, and work with the public to help determine which regulations are inconsistent with federal law. One-size-fits-all policies never work, especially for individual students with individual and unique needs. Supporting local control means supporting education better tailored to the students the school serves. States should have the freedom and flexibility to advance creative and innovative ideas to determine the best ways to provide the highest-quality education possible to every student.
With this executive order, President Trump has reaffirmed his commitment to getting the federal government out of the way and to returning control over education back where it belongs, at the state and local level.
When communities and parents make the educational choices, students win. Today’s executive order puts us firmly on that track.
With that, I’ll take a few questions regarding the executive order.
Q Hi, this is Allison at Education Week. Can you remind me exactly how this executive order would, I guess, change anything? Because obviously the (inaudible) already included a lot of prohibitions on the Secretary’s role. Can you walk me through how this is different from (inaudible)?
GOAD: Sure, yeah. Well, I think this executive order goes a step beyond (inaudible) by having a comprehensive review of all of the guidance and regulations issued by the previous administration, and then identifying anything that may or may not be consistent with federal law.
Q And how long did you say the Secretary will have to do this?
GOAD: Three-hundred days.
Q Three-hundred days. And will there be a public report issued at the end? Or how will the findings be made public?
GOAD: They will go to the White House, and then, I believe, there will be a public report.
Q I’m wondering if this is focused just on K-12, or if this will go into sort of the pre-K and higher-ed spaces as well.
GOAD: It’s just focused on K-12.
Q I’m sorry, I couldn’t hear your answer to the question about the process. Can you go through that again?
GOAD: In regards to the process for —
Q The report.
GOAD: So there’s going to be a regulatory review task force that will be reviewing the regulations and guidance issued by the previous administration to confirm if they’re consistent or inconsistent with federal law. And then there will be a report at the end of 300 days.
Q And on that regulatory review task force, will those be Ed Department employees? Or who will be on that task force.
GOAD: Yes, it’s the same task force that is doing the regulatory review at the Department of Education, which I believe was announced yesterday. Bob Eitel will be leading that effort.
Q I’m sorry, can you say the name again? Who’s leading the effort?
GOAD: Bob Eitel.
Q You said at the top that this executive order would empower the Secretary to modify or get rid of any regulations that don’t comply with law. How will that process work?
GOAD: So I think at the end of 300 days, and after we have produced a report, we will make those decisions once the report has concluded.
Q So is she empowered to modify the regulations as needed, or is that going to be a separate process entirely?
GOAD: The executive order gives her — empowers her to modify anything that is inconsistent with federal law.
Q Isn’t she already empowered to do those things? This executive order doesn’t give her those powers, right?
GOAD: That’s right. I got time for one more.
Okay. That’s it, guys. Thanks so much.
→ Reuters. 2017-04-26. Trump seeks to shrink federal role in education with new order
President Donald Trump on Wednesday ordered Education Secretary Betsy DeVos to review the U.S. government’s role in school policy, which supporters cheered as the first step in creating more local control in education and critics worried could lead to lower quality schools in poorer neighborhoods.
DeVos has 300 days “to review and, if necessary, modify and repeal regulations and guidance issued by the Department of Education with a clear mandate to identify places where D.C. has overstepped its legal authority,” said Rob Goad, a Department of Education official, according to a transcript of a White House call with reporters.
he second most powerful Republican in the House of Representatives, California’s Kevin McCarthy, said the federal government had in recent years exceeded its legal authority in creating regulations and guidance
“Different people in different states and communities will have different goals and ways of achieving those goals. That is something we should celebrate and enable, not try to stop,” he said in a statement.
The Democratic National Committee, though, said the order was politically motivated, with Trump wanting something to show in school policy in his first 100 days.
The head of the American Federation of Teachers union, Randi Weingarten, said the current education law, Every Student Succeeds Act, already reduces federal power over schools, especially when it comes to standards and teacher assessments.
“What the new law doesn’t do is abandon the requirement for the federal government to protect the civil rights of our students, even if those rights run counter to what states and districts want to do,” she said in a statement.
→ Conservative Daily Post. 2017-04-27. American Schools Liberated As President Trump Pulls Feds Out Of Direct Involvement
Education is something that everyone in the world can agree is important. It’s literally talking about teaching the future generations how to problem solve and fix issues that are inevitably going to rise up. Education gives people around the world the tools to come up with better ideas to hopefully help everyone out.
However, as important as education is, it’s also important to leave the issue to the states. That is what the Founding Fathers originally had in mind when they were creating the Constitution. Unfortunately, the federal government stepped in and started telling the local and state governments what to do regarding schools and curriculums. That has just changed.
President Trump revealed a new executive order that is going to pull the feds from K-12 education. It’s yet another campaign promise kept, as the power is going to go back to state and local officials.
The order, called the “Education Federalism Executive Order,” is going to launch a 300-day review of the previous administration’s regulations and guidances for various school districts. It also directs Education Secretary Betsy DeVos to either change or destroy measures that she believes to be an overreach from the federal government.
President Trump spoke about the order. “For too long the government has imposed its will on state and local governments. The result has been education that spends more and achieves far, far, far less. My administration has been working to reverse this federal power grab and give power back to families, cities [and] states — give power back to localities.”
Trump also said that the administrations that came before him had started telling schools what to do over what the states had. He said the schools were ordered to comply with “whims and dictates” from Washington. However, his administration is going to stop that trend completely.
“We know local communities know it best and do it best,” Trump said. While he was signing the order, several Republican governors joined in to see the order themselves. “The time has come to empower teachers and parents to make the decisions that help their students achieve success,” Trump added.
Also in attendance for the event were Secretary DeVos and Vice President Mike Pence. In total, there were roughly 25 people witnessing the signing, which also had some teachers there to see.
While it’s nice to see that there is an order being done to take care of the schools, it’s not going to have an immediate impact on school districts. Secretary DeVos still has to go through that 300-day review, and following that is when the policy changes are going to happen.
The review is going to be conducted by the Department of Education’s Regulatory Review Task Force, at least according to what the order says. Trump made reducing the federal government’s role in grades K-12 part of his reform agenda. As part of that promise, it includes the expansion of school choice programs.
There were several politicians in attendance for the signing of this policy. Among the people there were Governors Kay Ivey from Alabama, Gary Herbert from Utah, Paul LePage from Maine, Brian Sandoval from Nevada, and Terry Brandstad from Iowa. Governor Branstad also has been nominated by the President to be the ambassador to China.
Joining the Governors in attendance were the two Republican chairs of the House and Senate education committees, Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN) and Rep. Virginia Foxx (R-NC). Education is certainly an important aspect, but once the federal government gets involved, things quickly get out of hand. Thankfully, President Trump realizes this and within a year, there are going to be some changes to education policy that are going to be worthwhile.
Unfortunately, the changes are not going to affect colleges around the country. After all, students at Harvard University, which is generally considered one of the most prestigious colleges in the country, claimed that President Trump is worse than ISIS. Idiotic statements like that will lessen over time, but the fact that it was still uttered should make America concerned about what’s going on in colleges across the country.
The order also didn’t say anything about illegal immigrants and education, which is something that the liberals are pushing for. California has taken it one step further though, as the Governor of the state, Jerry Brown, signed a budget that is going to take away money from Middle Class education. However, illegal immigrant programs are going to see an INCREASE in spending.
President Trump took the first step to fixing the education system in the United States. He is going to have the federal government get out of education, and return the power to the states. After all, it was a promise that he made on the campaign, and Trump is sure to keep his promises.
→ The White House. 2017-04-26. Remarks by President Trump at Signing of Executive Order on Federalism Education
THE VICE PRESIDENT: Well, good afternoon. It’s my great honor, on behalf of the President and the First Lady, to welcome you all to the White House. This is a distinguished group of American leaders, governors and members of Congress, and members of our Cabinet, and we’re grateful to have you all here.
You know, for nearly 100 days, President Trump has been delivering on the promises that he made to the American people. The President has been fighting for American jobs every single day since he was elected, putting renewed emphasis on American energy, cutting through a mountain range of red tape from the last administration. And today, the administration outlined the President’s vision for tax reform which will include one of the largest tax cuts for individuals and businesses in the history of this country. (Applause.)
Thanks to the President Trump’s leadership, more than 500,000 jobs have been created in 2017 alone. Businesses and consumers are more confident than they have been in years, and by some measure, for decades. It is truly extraordinary.
In a word, President Trump has simply been in the promise-keeping business since Inauguration Day. He signed 28 bills into law, the most of any President since 1947, and he’ll have signed some 30 executive orders in his first 100 days, including the action today.
And today the President is actually delivering on one more of his promises to the American people. Since day one, President Trump has been working tirelessly to uphold the Constitution and restore the proper balance between the states and the federal government. And that’s been especially true with the President’s focus on education.
Now as a former governor myself, I’ve always believed, as the President does, that education is a state and local function, and that decisions in education are best made by parents and teachers and local administrators. The decisions over our children’s school should be made by parents and local administrators, not by politicians or unelected bureaucrats in a far, distant capital.
The President believes the same thing, and the efforts that he will take today through this executive order will continue that process of empowering our families, empowering our states to ensure that every child in America has access to a world-class education.
And so with a grateful heart, I say, on behalf of the 45th President of the United States and on behalf of all those gathered here today, it is my high honor and distinct privilege to introduce to you the President of the United States, President Donald Trump. (Applause.)
THE PRESIDENT: Well, thank you very much, Vice President Pence, who has done an absolutely outstanding job as Vice President. We very much appreciate it.
And I want to thank also Education Secretary Betsy DeVos for spearheading out effort to restore state and local control of our schools. Thank you very much, Betsy. With her help, we are empowering those who know our students best — I would say, by far, the best, right, Betsy? — their parents and the teachers, so that every child has the chance to succeed.
In fact, we’re proud to have some of those wonderful teachers here with us today, and we’d like to welcome all of them to the White House. It’s a great honor. (Applause.) Thank you. Thank you. Thank you very much.
I also want to thank members of Congress, local leaders, and governors for joining us here today, including Governor Ivey of Alabama, a new and great governor. You will be fantastic. I’ve been hearing about you for years in the positive way, so I’m not surprised that you’re governor of Alabama. Congratulations. Tremendous.
Governor Branstad, who is soon going to be heading out, I suspect, to a place called China. They love him, I will tell you. They really love the soon-to-be ambassador, but he also loves China. So it was a good combination. I was very happy to put it together. They’re looking forward to seeing you. Very much so. Thank you. Thank you, Governor. (Applause.)
Governor LePage of Maine, Governor Sandoval of Nevada, Governor Herbert of Utah, Governor Mead of Wyoming — we want to thank you all and everyone else for being with us. It’s really an honor to have you in White House.
For too long, the federal government has imposed its will on state and local governments. The result has been education that spends more and achieves far, far, far less. My administration has been working to reverse this federal power grab and give power back to families, cities, states. Give power back to localities.
Before this administration, only one time in our nation’s history had a President signed a bill that used the Congressional Review Act to cancel a federal regulation. In less than 100 days, I have signed 13 bills such congressional resolutions to cancel federal regulations and give power back to the people, and I’m very honored to have done so. (Applause.) That’s true. As you said, five have come from your committee, that’s exactly right. Good job. I think she’s done a good job. (Applause.)
I’ve also signed over a dozen executive actions that reverse federal intrusion and empower local communities.
The executive order I’m signing today is another critical step to restoring local control, which is so important. This executive order directs Secretary DeVos to review current federal regulations and ensure that they don’t obstruct the ability of states, local governments, teachers, and most importantly, parents, to make the best decisions for their students and, in many cases, for their children.
Previous administrations have wrongfully forced states and schools to comply with federal whims and dictate what our kids are taught. But we know that local communities do it best and know it best. The time has come to empower parents and teachers to make the decisions that help their students achieve success. That’s what this executive order is all about. So important.
Thomas Jefferson put it best when he said, “I believe the states can best govern our home concerns.” With this executive order and the many actions we have taken in less than 100 days, we are providing our states and communities with control over the matters that are most important to them. Together we are going to fight to give our children the bright and beautiful future they deserve. (Applause.)
So I want to thank you all. As you know, I’m heading over to a Senate meeting. It’s a very important meeting. So I’ll be leaving now, but I just wanted to introduce our really exceptional Education Secretary. She’s caught on — you wouldn’t believe it, all of the great things I’m hearing about you, Betsy. I’m very proud. So, Secretary Betsy DeVos. Thank you very much. Thank you. (Applause.)
Q Mr. President, would you want to see a healthcare vote by the end of this week? Would you like to see that, sir?
THE PRESIDENT: Always.
SECRETARY DEVOS: So it has been all of our experience, that those closest to the problem are best equipped to solve it. That means empowering parents, teachers, state and local leaders — not the federal government. Time and time again, we’ve seen that one-size-fits-all policies and mandates from Washington simply don’t work. We can’t have a cookie-cutter approach to education. Each state and each school have different challenges, and each individual student has unique needs.
Our solutions should be as varied as the students we serve. The Every Student Succeeds Act was a good step in this direction, giving flexibility to states to best meet the needs of their communities. We’re going to implement this law as Congress intended, not how the previous administration dictated. When we give decision-making power back to states and communities, students benefit. This executive order puts us on that track.
So I thank the President for signing this executive order, and for his commitment to an education policy that puts students first. It’s my honor now to introduce the governor of the great state of Nevada, Brian Sandoval. (Applause.)
GOVERNOR SANDOVAL: Thank you Madam Secretary and Mr. President.
THE PRESIDENT: Oh, it’s going to be a short speech because I — I just felt I had to stay here. (Laughter.)
GOVERNOR SANDOVAL: It just got shorter, Mr. President. (Laughter.)
Mr. Vice President, members of Congress, my fellow governors, representatives, teachers, educators, it really is a privilege and honor to be with you all today. You know, in my home state of Nevada, I often say that what happens in our schools today will determine the future of our great state. And Mr. President, I know that your action today will empower every state to improve our delivery of education. Most importantly, it will allow governors across the nation to ensure that all states serve all students from all backgrounds.
Now, as the incoming chair of the National Governors Association, I know that the governors will collectively continue to act as the national voice on federalism. And as the leaders of education in our states, we look forward to working with this administration to ensure our role is reflected in federal policy.
Now, over time, the Department of Education’s obligations have grown beyond its initial charge, and many well-intended act resulted in states feeling more and more constrained by federal rules. Today, Mr. President, you’re signing of this executive order will place the states back in the driver’s seat. Thank you, sir. (Applause.)
So, Mr. President, again, I’m going skip a page — (Laughter.)
THE PRESIDENT: Education for North Korea. (Laughter.)
I like education.
GOVERNOR SANDOVAL: This is even better than I hoped for, Mr. President. The Every Student Succeeds Act embodies the vision you have for education and the limited role of the federal government.
Mr. President, you have changed the game for the better in the United States, and for that I thank you for your leadership. (Applause.)
THE PRESIDENT: This is a good one, right — on federal control of education. Doesn’t get better than that, right?
(The President signs the executive order.)
Q Mr. President, can you say to the American people that your tax plan will not blow a hole in the deficit?
THE PRESIDENT: Great plan. It will put people back to work.
→ The Whit House. 2017-04-26. Presidential Executive Order on Enforcing Statutory Prohibitions on Federal Control of Education
Presidential Executive Order on Enforcing Statutory Prohibitions on Federal Control of Education
– – – – – – –
ENFORCING STATUTORY PROHIBITIONS ON FEDERAL CONTROL OF EDUCATION
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and in order to restore the proper division of power under the Constitution between the Federal Government and the States and to further the goals of, and to ensure strict compliance with, statutes that prohibit Federal interference with State and local control over education, including section 103 of the Department of Education Organization Act (DEOA) (20 U.S.C. 3403), sections 438 and 447 of the General Education Provisions Act (GEPA), as amended (20 U.S.C. 1232a and 1232j), and sections 8526A, 8527, and 8529 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) (20 U.S.C. 7906a, 7907, and 7909), it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. It shall be the policy of the executive branch to protect and preserve State and local control over the curriculum, program of instruction, administration, and personnel of educational institutions, schools, and school systems, consistent with applicable law, including ESEA, as amended by ESSA, and ESEA’s restrictions related to the Common Core State Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative.
Sec. 2. Review of Regulations and Guidance Documents. (a) The Secretary of Education (Secretary) shall review all Department of Education (Department) regulations and guidance documents relating to DEOA, GEPA, and ESEA, as amended by ESSA.
(b) The Secretary shall examine whether these regulations and guidance documents comply with Federal laws that prohibit the Department from exercising any direction, supervision, or control over areas subject to State and local control, including:
(i) the curriculum or program of instruction of any elementary and secondary school and school system;
(ii) school administration and personnel; and
(iii) selection and content of library resources, textbooks, and instructional materials.
(c) The Secretary shall, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law, rescind or revise any regulations that are identified pursuant to subsection (b) of this section as inconsistent with statutory prohibitions. The Secretary shall also rescind or revise any guidance documents that are identified pursuant to subsection (b) of this section as inconsistent with statutory prohibitions. The Secretary shall, to the extent consistent with law, publish any proposed regulations and withdraw or modify any guidance documents pursuant to this subsection no later than 300 days after the date of this order.
Sec. 3. Definition. The term “guidance document” means any written statement issued by the Department to the public that sets forth a policy on a statutory, regulatory, or technical issue or an interpretation of a statutory or regulatory issue, including Dear Colleague letters, interpretive memoranda, policy statements, manuals, circulars, memoranda, pamphlets, bulletins, advisories, technical assistance, and grants of applications for waivers.
Sec. 4. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:
(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or
(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.
(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.
(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
DONALD J. TRUMP
THE WHITE HOUSE,
April 26, 2017.