Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Trump

Tillerson deobamizza la politica estera americana. Realpolitk.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-05-06.

Tillerson Rex 001

«Believe in yourselves. Believe in your future. And believe, once more, in America» [White House]

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«Throughout his campaign, President Donald Trump pushed for putting the interests and security of the United States above all else»

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«And on Wednesday, his Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, revealed what such an “America First” foreign policy actually looks like: foreign partnerships that don’t hinge on whether countries share U.S. “values” — such as human rights»

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«In some circumstances, if you condition our national security efforts on someone adopting our values, we probably can’t achieve our national security goals …. It really creates obstacles to our ability to advance our national security interests, our economic interests»

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«Trump also slashed U.S. funding to United Nations foreign programs and signalled plans to drastically scale back the power of the United States Agency for International Development, which sends aid to foreign countries in times of crisis»

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«Believe in yourselves. Believe in your future. And believe, once more, in America»

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Il Presidente Trump sta portando avanti un’intensa azione di annullamento dell’operato che i liberals democratici hanno attuato negli ultimi otto anni di Amministrazione Obama.

Basta soltanto scorrere l’elenco dei suoi Ordini Esecutivi ed i suoi Memoranda.

Mr Trump sta deburocratizzando l’America, rendendo agli stati componenti i pristini diritti, abrogando tutte le leggi che conferivano sempre più potere al governo federale, al punto tale da renderlo più simile ad uno stato che ad una federazione di stati.

Ha intrapreso un lungo cammino che ha come meta quello che suole esser denominato “stato minimo“, compatibile funzionalmente con le esigenze dei tempi attuali e futuri. Non un concetto ideologico, si badi bene, ma solo un oggetto duttile ed efficiente di Realpolitik.

Il Segretario di Stato Mr Tillerson ha spiegato alla perfezione cosa debba intendersi tutto ciò nel settore della politica estera.

«“America First” foreign policy actually looks like: foreign partnerships that don’t hinge on whether countries share U.S. “values” — such as human rights»

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La mutazione della politica estera americana avrà ampie conseguenze. Tutte le relazioni diplomatiche al momento bloccate od ostacolate da motivazioni ideologiche potranno essere riprese ed ampliate con reciproci evidenti vantaggi. La Realpolitik è sempre un evento salutare, benefica per ambo le parti.

L’ultima precisazione fatta d Mr Tillerson merita una chiosa.

Nello slang politichese, dapprima liberal e poi si direbbe mondiale, il termine “human rights” non hanno proprio nulla a che vedere con i “diritti umani” trattati dall’etica e dalla morale. Questi ultimi godono della caratteristica di essere oggettivi e trattai con la logica non contraddittoria, mentre i primi sono soggettivi, enunciati fatti secondo ideologia e tipici della Weltanschauung liberal democratica negli Stati Uniti e socialista ideologica in Europa.

Quindi, una cosa sono i “diritti umani” ed un a totalmente opposta gli “human rights“.

Bene, questa ultima categoria mentale scomparirà dalla politica estera americana.

Per quanto invece riguarda i “diritti umani“, ottimo il proporne l’osservanza, pessimo il tentativo di imporli, ed ancor peggio il porli come elemento vincolante, sine qua non, ad ogni possibile forma di accordo.


Abc News. 2017-05-03. Tillerson: Pushing human rights abroad ‘creates obstacles’ to US interests

In advocating for America’s interests abroad, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said today that American values must be separate from American foreign policy, even as they “guide” it.

“Guiding all our foreign policy actions are our fundamental values — our values around freedom, human dignity, the way people are treated,” he said. “Those are our values. Those are not our policies, ” Tillerson told State Department employees in a speech today.

What that means in practice, he said, is that sometimes values have to take a back seat to economic interests or national security.

“If we condition too heavily that others must adopt this value that we’ve come to after a long history of our own, it really creates obstacles to our ability to advance our national security interests, our economic interests,” he said, arguing the U.S. must first ask “what are our national security interests, what are our economic prosperity interests, and then if we can advocate and advance our values, we should.”

Tillerson’s remarks set off a fresh wave of backlash from administration critics still questioning President Trump‘s offers to meet with controversial foreign leaders like Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines and North Korea’s Kim Jong Un.

“Brutal thugs are smiling. Human rights are not only US values.They are universal. Trump/Tillerson approach is green light for repression,” tweeted Samantha Power, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations under President Obama.

Tillerson’s State Department is facing a budget cut of more than 28 percent that the Trump administration outlined in its first budget proposal. Tillerson’s review of the agency’s spending started Monday with a “listening tour” — a survey asking for feedback from all department employees in the nation’s capital and at diplomatic posts around the world.

Tillerson offered no details of how we would make cuts. Instead, he said he is open to the recommendations and ideas of the department’s civil servants and foreign service officers.

“We have no preconceived notions on the outcome. I didn’t come with a solution in a box when I showed up. I came with a commitment to look at it and see if we can improve it,” he told a packed room.

In particular, he wants the institution to “adapt” to new challenges and transition from its Cold War-era models and habits, he said.

While offering few details on how the agency will meet the administration’s proposed budget cuts, Tillerson tried to reassure an anxious audience of employees.

“I want to condition you to be ready to participate in the next phase because that’s when it will become more challenging,” he said. “But we’re all on this boat, on this voyage — I’m not going to call it a cruise, it may not be that fun,” he added to laughter.


Vice News. 2017-05-03. “America First” foreign policy may mean ignoring human rights, Rex Tillerson says

Throughout his campaign, President Donald Trump pushed for putting the interests and security of the United States above all else. And on Wednesday, his Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, revealed what such an “America First” foreign policy actually looks like: foreign partnerships that don’t hinge on whether countries share U.S. “values” — such as human rights.

“In some circumstances, if you condition our national security efforts on someone adopting our values, we probably can’t achieve our national security goals,” Tillerson said in a speech to State Department employees meant to outline to what “America First” means in diplomatic terms. “It really creates obstacles to our ability to advance our national security interests, our economic interests.”

Tillerson’s remarks confirmed many human rights groups’ worst fears about the Trump administration. Andrea Prasow, the Washington director for Human Rights Watch, called his comments “troubling but not surprising.”

“The administration’s actions have been pretty clear,” Prasow told VICE News, adding that Trump is the midst of “inviting the parade of dictators through the White House.” He recently hosted Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi — whose government killed more than 900 protesters in a single day, congratulated Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on winning a controversial referendum that granted him sweeping powers, and invited Rodrigo Duterte — the president of the Philippines who recently admitted to personally killing suspected criminals while serving as a mayor — to the White House.

“They haven’t been quite as explicit before,” Prasow said.

Trump also slashed U.S. funding to United Nations foreign programs and signalled plans to drastically scale back the power of the United States Agency for International Development, which sends aid to foreign countries in times of crisis. Human rights groups like Amnesty International have condemned Trump’s twice-blocked ban on immigrants from Muslim-majority countries and refugees entering the United States and his aggressive military strategy in countries like Yemen and Somalia, among many other actions. Even prior to Trump’s election, Human Rights Watch issued a report saying that his campaign “put the post-war human rights system at risk” by “fomenting hatred and intolerance.”

During his speech, Tillerson added that not always asking foreign countries to adopt U.S. values “doesn’t mean that we leave those values on the sidelines. It doesn’t mean that we don’t advocate for and aspire to freedom, human dignity, and the treatment of people the world over.”

However, Tillerson announced plans last week to ax 2,300 diplomatic and civil service jobs — about 9 percent of the State Department global workforce — even as many of the upper-level State Department jobs remain unfilled. “To increase the DoD budget and decrease the State Department budget which, specific programs aside, the message that that sends is the U.S. will be engaging with the world with its military and not with its traditional diplomatic corps,” Prasow said.

Mother Jones also reported Tuesday that a top National Security Council position once called “special assistant to the president for multilateral affairs and human rights” had been renamed “special assistant to the president for multilateral affairs.” That report, plus Tillerson’s remarks, prompted Amnesty International USA’s Executive Director Margaret Huang to accuse the Trump administration of “literally trying to erase human rights before our very eyes.

“His own actions and those of his staff show a dangerous disregard for freedom, justice and equality throughout the world,” Huang said in a statement. “It is more critical than ever that we stand up and fight back against any effort to erode human rights at home or abroad.”

Prasow cautioned that, despite Tillerson’s assertion that “our values” can hinder national security efforts, such an attitude to human rights can actually lead to less security, both abroad and at home. Human rights abuses may lead to increased famine, rising numbers of refugees and internally displaced people, and — in some regions — make it easier for terrorist and extremist groups to recruit.

“This approach suggests that the U.S. is just going to look at what works this week or next week,” Prasow said, “and not what the situation will be long term.”

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