Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Mr JC Juncker e Mr D Tusk hanno stilato delle linee guida per i negoziati Brexit, documento approvato dal Consiglio di Europa a 27.
Se questo documento sia o meno vincolante per gli stati dell’Unione Europea lo si vedrà nel tempo.
Di certo, esso non è vincolante per il Regno Unito.
Ne abbiamo già riportato il testo originale.
«La premier Britannica Theresa May respinge alcune delle principali richieste Ue sulla Brexit, definendole soltanto posizioni negoziali dei 27, poche ore dopo l’approvazione all’unanimità delle linee guida per la trattativa dell’uscita della Gran Bretagna dall’Unione. Al Telegraph May ha ribadito le sue priorità: libero mercato senza dazi, fine della giurisdizione delle Corti europee, fine della libera circolazione dei migranti, come illustrato in un suo discorso alla Lancaster House a gennaio»
«Brussels leaders also indicated no early deal on EU citizens’ rights would be agreed unless the Prime Minister accepted that the European Court of Justice [ECJ] would decide disputes.»
«Theresa May has dismissed a series of hardline Brexit demands from Brussels as politicians on both sides of the Channel warned that the talks could turn nasty.»
«The Prime Minister said requests formally agreed by EU leaders were simply a negotiating position.»
«Mrs May insisted she was sticking to her own demands outlined in a speech earlier this year which included tariff-free trade, ending the jurisdiction of European courts and stopping free movement of migrants.»
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È interessante notare come alla fine si sia arrivati al punto cardine, quello che ha largamente motivato il Brexit.
Ecco il vero motivo del contendere:
«unless the Prime Minister accepted that the European Court of Justice [ECJ] would decide disputes.»
«ending the jurisdiction of European courts».
* * *
Il problema europeo è identico a quello degli Stati Uniti. Nell’Unione Europea i socialisti ideologici ed in America i liberals democratici hanno da tempo trasformato le Corti di Giustizia in strumenti politici tramite i quali imporre la propria Weltanschauung e patrocinare i propri interessi economici. Le Corti sono diventate veri e propri gruppi di fuoco mafiosi.
Questo è un elemento particolarmente sensibile, perché ambedue i paesi hanno il common law come dottrina giuridica.
L’utilizzo politico della Corti di Giustizia consente di attuare per sentenza, civile e spesso anche penale, le direttive politiche di chi le governa, senza passare dal vaglio parlamentare. La composizione delle Corti, sotto la foglia di fico della “divisione dei poteri”, è insensibile alle variazione politiche determinate dalle elezioni.
Si genera in altri termini una dittatura de facto, anche più temibile di quelle dichiaratamente tiranniche: essa è la morte sostanziale della democrazia.
Mrs May e gli inglesi hanno rigettato questa possibilità: non vogliono essere schivi dell’Unione Europea.
→ Ansa. 2017-04-30. May respinge linee guida Ue sulla Brexit
La premier Britannica Theresa May respinge alcune delle principali richieste Ue sulla Brexit, definendole soltanto posizioni negoziali dei 27, poche ore dopo l’approvazione all’unanimità delle linee guida per la trattativa dell’uscita della Gran Bretagna dall’Unione. Al Telegraph May ha ribadito le sue priorità: libero mercato senza dazi, fine della giurisdizione delle Corti europee, fine della libera circolazione dei migranti, come illustrato in un suo discorso alla Lancaster House a gennaio.
Intercettata da un cronista del quotidiano conservatore in una tappa della sua campagna elettorale in Scozia, May ha detto: “Innanzitutto vorrei insistere sul fatto che non abbiamo un accordo sulla Brexit da Bruxelles. Abbiamo le loro linee guida negoziali, abbiamo le nostre linee guida negoziali attraverso la lettera ex articolo 50, e il discorso alla Lancaster House da me pronunciato sull’argomento a gennaio”, con la volontà di controllare l’immigrazione e porre un termine alla giurisdizione delle Corti Ue. “E’ importante che intorno al tavolo si sieda un forte premier del Regno Unito – ha proseguito May, in campagna elettorale in vista delle politiche dell’8 giugno – con un forte mandato da parte del popolo del Regno Unito, un fatto che rafforzerà la nostra posizione negoziale per garantire che otterremo il migliore accordo possibile”.
C’è la “volontà” da parte di Londra e Bruxelles di assicurare i diritti dei cittadini Ue nel Regno Unito e un accordo può essere raggiunto in tempi rapidi già all’inizio dei negoziati sulla Brexit. Lo ha detto la premier britannica Theresa May in una intervista alla Bbc ribadendo che questo deve comunque avvenire in base ad un principio di reciprocità che preveda le stesse garanzie per i britannici che si sono trasferiti nei Paesi dell’Unione.
→ The Telegraph. 2017-04-30. Theresa May rejects Brussels’s hardline Brexit demands
Prime Minister Theresa May said requests formally agreed by EU leaders were simply a negotiating position.
Theresa May has dismissed a series of hardline Brexit demands from Brussels as politicians on both sides of the Channel warned that the talks could turn nasty.
The Prime Minister said requests formally agreed by EU leaders were simply a negotiating position.
Mrs May insisted she was sticking to her own demands outlined in a speech earlier this year which included tariff-free trade, ending the jurisdiction of European courts and stopping free movement of migrants.
When asked about mounting fears the UK could be “bullied by Brussels” she claimed that voters re-electing her was the best way to secure a good deal.
On Saturday the EU’s 27 countries formally agreed guidelines for the Brexit talks in what amounted to the bloc’s opening hand for the discussions.
It includes Britain paying a “Brexit bill” of around £50 billion before a future trade deal is discussed. Brussels leaders also indicated no early deal on EU citizens’ rights would be agreed unless the Prime Minister accepted that the European Court of Justice [ECJ] would decide disputes.
They also mocked as “pure illusion” the idea that Britain could sow divisions among the 27 member states to secure a better agreement.
The Prime Minister was questioned by The Telegraph during a campaign stop in Scotland.
She was asked: “The Brexit deal that appears to be on offer from Brussels at the moment looks pretty bad. Will you allow yourself to be bullied by Brussels?” She responded: “First of all I would point out we don’t have a Brexit deal on the table from Brussels.
“We have their negotiating guidelines, we have our negotiating guidelines through the Article 50 letter and the Lancaster House speech I gave on this issue in January.”
The speech in question listed her Brexit priorities which included “control of immigration” by ending free movement and “control of our own laws” by ending the jurisdiction of the ECJ.
She went on: “What matters sitting around that table is a strong Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, with a strong mandate from the people of the United Kingdom which will strengthen our negotiating hand to ensure we get that possible deal.”
A senior Tory source said that the Prime Minister would “protect Britain’s interests” at the negotiating table if re-elected but insisted the tone with Brussels would be “consensual”.
David Davis, the Brexit Secretary, said: “Both sides are clear – we want these negotiations to be conducted in the spirit of goodwill, sincere cooperation and with the aim of establishing a close partnership between the UK and the EU going forward.
“But there is no doubt that these negotiations are the most complex the UK has faced in our lifetimes. They will be tough and, at times, even confrontational.”
The comments followed a show of unity from the 27 EU member states as they agreed Brexit priorities in just four minutes in Brussels.
The EU’s demands have strengthened since Donald Tusk, the president of the European Council, first issued his draft guidelines on March 31, with member states adding requests on financial liabilities and citizens’ rights.
Among the hardest demands for Mrs May is a £50 billion Brexit bill to cover EU spending up until 2020 when the current budget runs out, and a full list of rights for EU citizens living in the UK – to be arbitrated by the European Court of Justice.
If the demands were agreed in full, officials concede it would create a situation where EU nationals in the UK have more rights – say on appealing against immigration decisions on third country spouses – than are enjoyed by British citizens.
Only when Britain is deemed to have made “sufficient progress” on these key areas, however, will the EU side agree to unlock the door to a future trade deal, although the EU side has refused to specify what “sufficient progress” means.
Mr Tusk asked for a “serious British response” on what will happen to the three million EU citizens currently in the UK after Brexit. He added: “We need real guarantees for our people to live, work and study in the UK.”
Jean-Claude Juncker, the President of the European Commission, made his own warnings about the negotiations.
He spelled out that Europe wants a detailed and legally watertight guarantee for EU citizens in the UK after Brexit, and would not settle for blanket political assurances from the UK side.
He added: “The negotiations will be difficult and it will even be difficult to retain the unity we were able to construct today.”
Mr Juncker also hinted at his frustrations with Mrs May at last week’s dinner in Downing Street, where he claimed the Prime Minister had told him to “be patient”.
In a moment of lightheartedness Mr Juncker said it had been an “excellent” dinner – before adding to the sounds of Continental laughter “and I’m not talking about the food”.
Brexit | The European Union’s draft negotiation principles
– The EU wishes to have the United Kingdom as a close partner in the future
– Preserving the integrity of the Single Market means that the UK will not be able to participate on a sector by sector basis
– The EU “four freedoms” are indivisible and there can be no cherry-picking
– A non-member of the Union cannot have the same rights and benefits as a member
– The EU will negotiate as a bloc, rather than 27 individual countries, so as not to undercut the position of the Union
– Brexit negotiations will take place as a single package. They will only be considered settled when all individual items are agreed
– The United Kingdom and European Union must agree on their future relationship, but these discussions can only take place when there is sufficient clarity on the process of the UK’s withdrawal from the Union
– The Union is open to a transitional membership agreement, but this must be very clearly defined, time-limited and dependent on the UK maintaining EU membership obligations
– Negotiations must be completed by 29 March 2019
– No part of these negotiations can affect Gibraltar without an agreement between the United Kingdom and Spain