In tutto il mondo occidentale è in atto una intensa campagna stampa a favore delle automobili elettriche o, almeno, ibride. I governi stanno facendo di tutto per indirizzare verso di esse il mercato.
Rilavanti gli investimenti. Questi vanno da sgravi fiscali ai produttori di automezzi elettrici, alle sovvenzioni di stato alla produzione ed all’acquisto, alla messa in opera di una adeguata rete di colonnine per ricarica, nonché un severa penalizzazione delle automobili che avrebbero emissioni inquinanti.
Se in linea generale l’idea di un automezzo elettrico potrebbe sembrare ottimale, d’altra parte vi sono tuttora molte controindicazioni. Ne riportiamo alcune.
– Gli alti costi degli investimenti statali: sono centinaia di miliardi erogati a diverso titolo. Alla fine sono pagati con il denaro del Contribuente.
– La trazione elettrica consente una velocità ed un raggio operativo molto limitati, ed i tempi di ricarica sono non indifferenti. Se l’uso cittadino potrebbe essere anche indicato, l’uso extracittadino risulterebbe virtualmente impossibile. Sarebbe infatti improponibile mettersi in viaggio, fermandosi ogni qualche centinaio di kilometri per ore in attesa della ricarica delle batterie.
– La trazione elettrica non consente carichi di rilevanza. Trasporti sopra i cinquecento kilogrammi sono al momento impensabili, tagliando così fuori tutto il traffico commerciale.
– Chi comprasse una automobile dovrebbe tenere usualmente presente che la dovrà utilizzare anche per viaggi di lavoro o di diporto. Mentre la rete di distributori di carburante è solidamente consolidata, quella delle colonnine è di là a venire. Per non parlare poi che sono ben pochi i paesi che la stanno allestendo. Un giro di lavoro o turistico nell’Europa sarebbe semplicemente impossibile usando un’automobile elettrica.
– Infine sussiste un problema di costi. Le automobili elettriche sono particolarmente costose, e ben poche persone sono disposte a fare spese per loro eccessive.
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I dati trimestrali delle immatricolazioni nel Regno Unito sono paramount.
«Demand from fleets and businesses was particularly strong, with registrations up 12.6% and 11.9% respectively in March. Sales to private buyers – consumers – rose 4.4%.»
«businesses will face increasing challenging and uncertain conditions which may well cause them to be more circumspect in replacing their car fleets.»
«A total of 562,337 new cars took to the roads in March as sales of new cars rose 8.4% from a year earlier. It was the biggest month since the Society of Motor Manufacturers & Traders started collecting data in 1976.»
«A total of 244,263 diesel cars were sold in March, a record»
«Sales of diesel cars have hit record levels despite governments around the world exploring ways to get them off the road»
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Questi dati si presterebbero ad alcune considerazioni.
– I mercati sembrerebbero essere insensibili alla propaganda politica dei governi;
– Gli acquirenti guardano al rapporto prestazioni / costi più che alle motivazioni ideologiche;
– La trazione diesel è tutt’altro che morta: anzi, sembrerebbe essere viva e vegeta;
– L’avvio di Brexit sembrerebbe aver galvanizzato i mercati anche se in molti asserivano che li avrebbe depressi.
→ The Guardian. 2017-04-06. UK new car sales speed to record high
Buyers seize chance to buy cars before new tax rates come into force, but analysts warn demand is likely to slow.
New car sales in the UK hit an all-time high last month, with more than half a million vehicles registered, including a record number of diesel models.
A total of 562,337 new cars took to the roads in March as sales of new cars rose 8.4% from a year earlier. It was the biggest month since the Society of Motor Manufacturers & Traders started collecting data in 1976.
This was more than double the number in the first two months of the year combined, driving registrations for the first three months of the year up 6.2% to 820,016 – a record quarter.
March is traditionally a popular month for new cars due to the introduction of new registrations. However, last month buyers also rushed to buy cars before new vehicle excise duty rates come into force. From 1 April all new cars, apart from those with zero emissions, have to pay an annual flat rate charge.
A total of 244,263 diesel cars were sold in March, a record, but there was also some evidence that the controversy surrounding emissions and the damage these vehicles are causing to the environment is starting to hit demand. Diesel was the slowest-growing segment of the new car market, with sales up 1.6% year-on-year compared to 13.2% for petrol and 31% for alternatively-fuelled cars, such as electric vehicles. This meant that diesel’s share of the new car market fell from 46.4% to 43.4%, while petrol rose from 50.3% to 52.5%. In 2010 diesel cars became more popular than petrol for the first time, but that trend has now reversed.
Sales of diesel cars have hit record levels despite governments around the world exploring ways to get them off the road. Sadiq Khan, the mayor of London, plans to increase the amount that diesel cars pay to enter central London, while earlier this week Sir David King, the chief scientific adviser under both Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, admitted the government had been“wrong” to encourage people to buy diesel vehicles in the past.
Industry experts said on Wednesday that car makers should be forced to recall and upgrade cars that emit higher levels of toxic pollution on the road than they did in official tests. The German and French governments have already demanded that manufacturers including Volkswagen, Opel, Audi, Mercedes and Renault fix more than a million diesel vehicles.
Greg Archer, director of clean vehicles at NGO Transport & Environment and a former UK government air pollution adviser, said: “The polluter should be paying, not the consumer and not the taxpayer. But the UK is doing nothing. If the car industry was required to recall those vehicles and upgrade the after-treatment system that would make a sizeable difference to the air pollution problems in our cities.”
“We wouldn’t need to pay for a scrappage scheme. It is time for the [manufacturers] who caused the problem to pay for the problem.”
This solution is also backed by ClientEarth, the environmental law firm that has twice defeated ministers at the high court over the government’s illegally poor air pollution plans.
James Thornton, chief executive of ClientEarth, said: “The prime minister must get on the side of ordinary car drivers and stand up to the car industry by committing to a programme of mandatory vehicle recall, compensation, random on-road testing and a clean-car label based on real-world emissions.”
Analysts warned that the record-breaking performance for the UK car market in March could be a “last hurrah”. Consumers and businesses are expected to pull back spending as job growth weakens, the economy slows and higher inflation caused by the weak pound erodes the purchasing power of households.
Howard Archer, the chief UK and European economist at IHS Markit, said: “There was clearly a considerable lift to sales coming from both consumers and businesses bringing forward car purchases before changes to vehicle excise duty were introduced in April.
“It also looks odds-on that the squeeze on consumers’ purchasing power will deepen appreciably further while businesses will face increasing challenging and uncertain conditions which may well cause them to be more circumspect in replacing their car fleets.
“The suspicion has to be that the car sector will face an increasingly challenging year going forward.”
Demand from fleets and businesses was particularly strong, with registrations up 12.6% and 11.9% respectively in March. Sales to private buyers – consumers – rose 4.4%.