Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Mr Xi incontrerà Mr Trump in Florida dal 6 al 7 aprile.
Durante la campagna elettorale americana erano corse parole anche molto pesanti, ed è da verificare fino a qual punto fossero usuale propaganda elettorale e quanto invece punti effettivamente programmatici.
L’incontro era stata preparato durante la visita di Mr Tillerson a Pechino.
«China and the United States reached consensus on developing ties in the spirit of
– no conflict,
– no confrontation,
– mutual respect and
– win-win cooperation»
«China is willing to enhance communication and understanding with the United States, cement trust, properly handle disputes, expand cooperation in bilateral, regional and multilateral levels and boost new progress of bilateral ties at a new starting point»
Se questi sono, e restino, i principi da seguire nei colloqui tra i due capi di stato, i problemi sul tavolo non sono né da poco né di facile soluzione.
– Il problema di Taiwan, che la Cina ha sempre reclamato come territorio proprio, disapprovando profondamente i rapporti che gli americani intrattengono con essa;
– Il problema del Mar Cinese del Sud, dalla Cina reclamato come acque di proprio interesse strategico ed in cui ha costruito una decina di isole artificiali, tutte dotate di pista aeroportuale utilizzabile da parte di aerei militari, stazioni radar nonché di sistemi missilistici di difesa terra-aria e terra-nave;
– Il problema della Korea del Nord e delle sue ambizioni nucleari. Se la Korea del Nord è per la Cina un vicino molto scomodo, ancor più scomodo le risulta il trasferimento nella Korea del Sud di un sistema missilistico anti-missile americano di ultima generazione. In particolare temono che i radar di supporto possano penetrare abbondantemente lo spazio aereo cinese e che i sistemi di telesorveglianza possano anche essere rivolti contro di loro;
– Il problema del Giappone, che inizia a sentirsi meno tutelato dall’ombrello atomico americano e sotto sotto aspirerebbe a sviluppare un proprio sistema di armamento atomico indipendente,anche in risposta al piano nucleare nord koreano;
– Il problema dei rapporti commerciali bilaterali.
«The market dictates that interests between our two countries are structured so that you will always have me and I will always have you»
«Both sides should work together to make the cake of mutual interest bigger and not simply seek fairer distribution,” he said in response to a question about trade frictions»
Sarebbe ingenuo pensare che questo incontro possa risolvere tutte le controversie.
Ma la ragionevole attesa che i rapporti possano diventare meno conflittuali e, soprattutto, molto più aperti che in passato al dialogo franco e costruttivo, verosimilmente non dovrebbe essere disattesa.
→ Xinhua. 2017-03-30. Chinese president to visit Finland, meet Trump in US
Chinese President Xi Jinping will pay a state visit to Finland and travel to Florida, the United States for China-US presidents’ meeting next week, Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang announced on Thursday.
“At the invitation of President Sauli Niinisto of the Republic of Finland and President Donald Trump of the United States of America, President Xi Jinping will pay a state visit to Finland from April 4 to 6, and meet with President Trump at Mar-a-lago, Florida, the United States from April 6 to 7,” Lu said at a daily press briefing.
→ Reuters. 2017-03-30. China’s Xi to meet Trump in Florida next week
Chinese President Xi Jinping will travel to the United States to meet President Donald Trump at his Mar-a-Lago retreat in Florida on April 6-7, China’s Foreign Ministry said on Thursday, its first official confirmation of the highly anticipated summit.
It will be Xi’s first meeting with Trump, whose presidency began on Jan. 20, and comes as the two sides face pressing issues, ranging from North Korea and the South China Sea to trade disputes.
Ministry spokesman Lu Kang made the announcement at a daily news briefing.
He did not give any more details of the meeting agenda, but spoke of the need to see the big picture while fostering mutual interests in trade relations.
“The market dictates that interests between our two countries are structured so that you will always have me and I will always have you,” Lu said.
“Both sides should work together to make the cake of mutual interest bigger and not simply seek fairer distribution,” he said in response to a question about trade frictions.
Beijing had previously said that preparatory work for the meeting was underway. But it had not yet confirmed the trip, despite western media reports on a scheduled meeting and an announcement by the Finnish government that Xi would make a brief stop in Finland on April 5.
The summit will follow a string of other recent U.S.-China meetings and conversations aimed at mending ties after strong criticism of China by Trump during his election campaign.
U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson ended a trip to Asia this month in Beijing, agreeing to work together with China on North Korea and stressing Trump’s desire to enhance understanding.
China has been irritated at being repeatedly told by Washington to rein in North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs and by the U.S. decision to base an advanced missile defense system in South Korea.
Beijing is also deeply suspicious of U.S. intentions towards self-ruled Taiwan, which China claims as its own.
During his election campaign, Trump accused China of unfair trade policies, criticized its island-building in the strategic South China Sea, and accused it of doing too little to constrain North Korea.
Trump also incensed Beijing in December by taking a phone call from Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen and later saying the United States did not have to stick to the so-called “one China” policy.
He later agreed in a phone call with Xi to honor the long-standing policy and has also written to Xi since seeking “constructive ties.”