Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Negli Stati Uniti le chiamano “sanctuary cities“. Sono, erano, una delle ultime manovre fate dalla Amministrazione uscita di carica pochi giorno or sono.
Cosa sono queste “sanctuary cities“?
«In the United States and Canada, a sanctuary city is a city that has adopted a policy of protecting illegal immigrants by not prosecuting them for violating federal immigration laws in the country in which they are now living illegally. Such a policy can be set out expressly in a law (de jure) or observed only in practice (de facto). The term applies generally to cities that do not use municipal funds or resources to enforce national immigration laws, and usually forbid police or municipal employees to inquire about a person’s immigration status. The designation has no precise legal meaning.» [Fonte]
«On January 25, 2017 President Donald Trump signed an executive order directing the Secretary of Homeland Security and Attorney General to defund sanctuary jurisdictions that refuse to comply with federal immigration law. He also ordered the Department of Homeland Security to begin issuing weekly public reports that include “a comprehensive list of criminal actions committed by aliens and any jurisdiction that ignored or otherwise failed to honor any detainers with respect to such aliens.”»
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Per città santuario si intendono municipalità che non applicano od eludono le leggi federali, con la tolleranza del potere centrale. La stessa categoria è applicabile alle università americane, molte delle quali sono anche esse diventate ‘santuari‘.
«U.S. President Donald Trump’s attempt to strip municipalities of federal dollars for shielding illegal immigrants threatens $2.27 billion in annual funds for the nation’s 10 largest cities»
«The total amount remains unclear, as federal money can be filtered through state governments or granted directly to social-service organizations or other groups»
«Trump plans to make good on his campaign pledge to block federal funding to states and cities where local law enforcement refuse to report undocumented immigrants they encounter to federal authorities»
«The American people are no longer going to have to be forced to subsidize this disregard for our laws»
«While Trump has the authority to cut some kinds of funding to the cities, cuts to other federal funding would require an act of Congress»
Ma il Congresso ha una larga maggioranza repubblicana: 241 deputati contro 194.
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Ci si trova di fronte ad un duplice problema.
Il primo inerisce il fatto che le autorità federali sotto la passata presidenza nulla facevano contro pubbliche autorità che non applicavano ovvero eludevano le stesse leggi federali. È evidente l’illegalità della situazione. Non solo. Se lo stesso Governo federale non si fa parte attiva nel fare applicare le leggi che emana, viene meno il senso dello stato: si crea inoltre un precedente che peserebbe peggio di un macigno.
Il secondo inerisce il fatto che un fenomeno di tale portata ed estensione presuppone l’esistenza di tutta una rete di collegamento e supporto di particolare complessità. Resta quindi impossibile non definire il tutto come il risultato operativo di una vera e propria associazione a delinquere.
Il passato Presidente Obama ed il partito democratico hanno lasciato agli Stati Uniti tristissime eredità.
Anche se ci si augura che il Presidente Trump possa ripristinare la legalità in quella grande nazione, più emergono i delitti ed i reati della pregressa gestione e più si deve constatare che serviranno tempi lunghi per rimediarne i guasti.
Esattamente come si inizia a comprendere meglio uno dei tanti motivi per cui i liberals ululano alla luna la loro ira furibonda: le loro malefatte emergono alla luce. I liberalsdemocratici sono una assocazione per delinquere.
→ Reuters. 2017-01-26. Top 10 U.S. sanctuary cities face roughly $2.27 billion in cuts by Trump policy
U.S. President Donald Trump’s attempt to strip municipalities of federal dollars for shielding illegal immigrants threatens $2.27 billion in annual funds for the nation’s 10 largest cities, a Reuters analysis of federal grants found.
Trump plans to make good on his campaign pledge to block federal funding to states and cities where local law enforcement refuse to report undocumented immigrants they encounter to federal authorities, White House press secretary Sean Spicer said.
“The American people are no longer going to have to be forced to subsidize this disregard for our laws,” Spicer said.
Spicer said an executive order signed by Trump on Wednesday directs the Secretary of Homeland Security to look at federal funding to cities to figure out “how we can defund those streams.”
Mayors and city councils of those cities have said that they will not be pressured to report illegal immigrants to federal agents.
While Trump has the authority to cut some kinds of funding to the cities, cuts to other federal funding would require an act of Congress.
Reuters analyzed federal grant records to tally the estimated federal funding at risk among the 10 largest cities which totaled an estimated $2.27 billion.
The total amount remains unclear, as federal money can be filtered through state governments or granted directly to social-service organizations or other groups.
The numbers do not include federal money for law enforcement, which was excluded in the executive order, and programs like Medicaid, which are administered by state governments.
Though details remain vague, the order could jeopardize billions of dollars in housing, health, education and other types of federal aid.
Among the funds at risk are $460 million that the federal government gave out to fund Head Start pre-school programs in the 10 largest ‘sanctuary cities’ in the most recent fiscal year, the analysis found.
Washington also sent $238 million to municipalities to fund airport improvements and $153 million for HIV prevention and relief.
Local governments in Los Angeles County, for example, received $582 million in federal aid in the most recent fiscal year. That aid included $207 million for the Head Start preschool program, $70 million last year for airport improvements, and $114 million for community development funds used for housing and other needs.
New York Mayor Bill de Blasio, on Tuesday, said he is going to put an additional $250 million a year away in reserves for four years because of a “huge amount of uncertainty” emanating from Washington.
If the Trump administration actually moved to cut funding, “we would be in court immediately to stop it,” de Blasio told reporters.
Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel reiterated the city would remain a sanctuary for undocumented immigrants. In December he pledged $1 million to assist immigrant families.
NOT AN OFFICIAL DESIGNATION
Sanctuary city is not an official designation.
Boston, Denver, Los Angeles, and Seattle have not declared themselves so-called sanctuary cities. But each city has vowed some sort of protection to undocumented residents.
Boston’s city council in 2014 directed local law enforcement not to detain individuals based on immigration status except in cases where there is a criminal warrant. Boston expects to receive approximately $65.5 million in federal revenue this year.
Boston Mayor Marty Walsh said in a statement on Wednesday he was “deeply disturbed” by the Trump’s actions.
“I will use all of my power within lawful means to protect all Boston residents – even if that means using City Hall itself as a last resort,” he said.
Denver, too, does not have a formal policy of non-cooperation with the federal government on immigration enforcement, but the city does not support “unlawful detention in our jails,” said Mayor Michael Hancock. Denver received about $39 million in federal funds in fiscal 2016.
Trump’s plans to spur job growth and boost the economy would likely be harmed by federal funding cuts in many cities. Many public workers’ salaries could be in jeopardy as well as the facilities and institutions that keep American trade moving, such as ports.
Seattle received approximately $72.7 million of federal dollars in fiscal year 2016. If the Port of Seattle were to shutter from a lack of federal funding, “that’s going to impact the economy and trade in a really big way,” said Kevin Schofield of Seattle City Council Insight, an independent website focused on the city issues.
“(Trump) has vastly overstated the funding that could be at issue with these sanctuary policies. Any attempts to withhold funds will certainly be the source of litigation and the courts, not the president, will be the ultimate arbitrator,” said Peter Markowitz, a professor at New York’s Cardozo School of Law, who focuses on immigration.