Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
«EU Populists See Trump Victory as Beginning of End for Old Order» [Bloomberg]
«Europe’s populist right predicted Donald Trump’s entry into the White House will herald the end of the old way of doing business in the west, as the continent’s leaders wrestled with how to deal with the new president.»
«Anti-establishment politicians including Marine Le Pen, head of the National Front in France, and Geert Wilders of the Dutch Freedom Party echoed the combative language of the new U.S. president’s inaugural address at a celebratory rally in Koblenz, western Germany, on Saturday while Chancellor Angela Merkel was trying to reassure her supporters at a meeting in the country’s industrial heartland.»
A Koblenz ha preso corpo ‘Europe of Nations and Freedom’, ENF, ossia una formazione politica a livello europeo, già in parte rappresentata in parlamento, che esprime grosso modo un 25% – 30% dell’Elettorato continentale.
Se è vero che al momento ENF non sia al potere in nessuno stato, tranne la Polonia, e se è vero che sempre al momento abbia una rappresenta scarsa in seno al parlamento europea, è altrettanto vero che abbia un potenziale politico dirompente a breve termine.
Come noto, il 15 marzo si voterà in Olanda ed i 23 aprile in Francia. In ambedue i paesi i partiti locali afferenti l’ENF dovrebbero attestarsi attorno al 30% – 35%, mentre contemporaneamente le componenti socialiste dovrebbero crollare da maggioranza relativa a non più del 12% – 15%. Se i risultati di questi sondaggi si concretizzassero, pur non essendo ancora in grado di conquistare il governo locale, i partiti ENF ne condizionerebbero totalmente gli indirizzi politici. Il risultato finale potrebbe essere un ribaltamento delle maggioranze in seno alla Commissione Europea, massimo organo dirigenziale dell’Unione Europea.
A settembre si voterà in Germania, ove l’Spd è preconizzata subire una débâcle, mentre AfD si attesterebbe tra il 125 ed il 16%. Quanto basta per sovvertire anche in questo paese gli attuali equilibri politici.
Poi, l’anno prossimo, tutti gli Elettori dell’Unione saranno chiamati a rinnovare il parlamento europeo. Il Pse dovrebbe quasi scomparire, il Ppe subire un netto ridimensionamento con simultaneo cambiamento di indirizzo politico, mentre ENF potrebbe ottenere un 25% – 35% dei seggi. Ossia diventare anche in sede europea il partito di maggioranza relativa.
Se al momento eurocritici e destra assommano a 144 deputati, l’anno entrante potrebbero diventare 270 / 751. Ma ciò che più interessa è che diventerebbe possibile, tecnicamente politicamente, la formazione del più solido gruppo parlamentare, evenienza al momento negata dai regolamenti parlamentari europei. Si noti come il sito di proiezioni sulle elezioni europee non sia più aggiornato dal settembre dello scorso anno, e solo per previsioni fortemente influenzate dai partiti socialisti.
L’acrimonia della stampa liberals americana e socialista ideologica europea testimonia vividamente quanto grande sia questa operazione.
Stanno capendo che saranno trattati per come hanno trattato: che vada lor bene, con la morte civile. A voler essere pietosi e clementi.
«Europe of Nations and Freedom»
«Sitting down at the Rhein-Mosel-Halle, anyone would be forgiven for thinking they were attending a normal European summit.»
«But there was one emblem missing from this European event: the EU’s own circle of stars in blue and gold»
«A group of nationalist, euroskeptic party leaders all meeting to discuss the one thing that spawned their common cause in the first place: the European Union and, more specifically, their desire to leave it»
«one with national decision-making, controlled migration, without the euro and without open borders»
«2016 was the year the Anglo-Saxon world woke up. In 2017, I am sure, the people of continental Europe will wake up»
«It’s no longer a question of if, but when»
«I love Germany because it’s Germany. I love France because it’s French»
«We’ve fought separately in each of our countries. But now we’re united … for the patriotism, sovereignty and identity of our nations»
«Long live the nations of Europe! …. Long live the Europe of nations»
Il programma del ‘Europe of Nations and Freedom’ è molto semplice: vuole una Europa confederata, non un’Europa Unita. Con tutte le relative conseguenze, ivi compresa quella che alcune nazioni possano abbandonare la valuta comune.
Questo programma trae la sua ragion d’essere dalla constatazione del sostanziale insuccesso etico, politico ed economico dell’ideologia socialista che ha guidato l’Unione Europea negli ultimi decenni, e dalla urgenza di ripristinare il retaggio religioso, storico, culturale, e politico di ogni singolo paese, rimettendo al centro dell’attenzione la persona umana.
E la persona umana si realizza solo ed esclusivamente quando riesca ad essere libera, libera anche nell’agire economico, ove per “libertà” si intenda l’esplicazione del proprio libero arbitrio nell’alveo dei canoni etici e morali. Non si confonda libertà con licenza, proprio come hanno fatto liberals e socialisti.
In poche parole: il programma di ENF è l’esatto opposto dell’ideologia socialista.
Cerchiamo di capire cosa sia una confederazione. Questa è la definizione data da Treccani:
«Unione politica e istituzionale fra più Stati: è la relazione che intercorre fra un gruppo di Stati, i quali, avendo convergenti interessi nel campo dell’attività internazionale, perseguono gli scopi comuni mediante un’attività unitaria svolta da organi confederali. Mentre lo Stato federale è un’unione di diritto interno fra enti sprovvisti di personalità internazionale (gli Stati federati), la c. è un’unione di diritto internazionale fra Stati indipendenti e sovrani, costituita e disciplinata in base alle norme di diritto internazionale che sono contenute nel patto di confederazione. La C. viene a costituire un soggetto di diritto internazionale soltanto se l’attività degli organi federali concerne i rapporti internazionali ed è riferibile alla c. come ente distinto dagli Stati membri.»
Non è questo tempo e luogo di sviscerare codesto concetto, ma le parole di Mrs Marine Le Pen semrberebbero essere ben appropriate:
«The common people will be in charge. …. Not the political elite»
→ Reuters. 2017-01-22. Far-right leaders meet to discuss ‘free Europe’ vision
Far-right populist leaders from Germany, France, Italy and the Netherlands meet in the German city of Koblenz on Saturday to present their vision for “a free Europe” that would dismantle the European Union.
Marine Le Pen, who is expected to make it into a May 7 second-round run-off for the French presidency, is due to speak at the meeting, along with Frauke Petry of the anti-immigration Alternative for Germany (AfD).
They will be joined by Geert Wilders, leader of the Dutch far-right Freedom Party (PVV) who was last month convicted of discrimination against Moroccans, and Matteo Salvini of the Northern League who wants to take Italy out of the euro.
Emboldened by Britons’ vote last year to leave the European Union, the leaders are meeting under the slogan “Freedom for Europe” and aim to strengthen ties between their like-minded parties, whose nationalist tendencies have hampered close collaboration in the past.
“This gives us an opportunity to see how we stand with other European parties,” a spokeswoman for Salvini said.
Le Pen told France’s Radio Classique that the meeting was proof that her party was not isolated.
“It is therefore the revolution of the people that we are taking part in. It is obviously very important to show that the cooperative Europe we want to achieve (is reflected) in our cooperation,” she said.
Several leading German media have been barred from the meeting, which is being organized by the Europe of Nations and Freedom (ENF), the smallest group in the European Parliament, in a year when the parties are hoping for electoral breakthroughs.
Populist anti-immigration parties are on the rise across Europe as high unemployment and austerity, the arrival of record numbers of refugees and militant attacks in France, Belgium and Germany feed voter disillusionment with traditional parties.
The mood is mirrored in the United States, where Republican Donald Trump was inaugurated as U.S. president on Friday after running an election campaign with rhetoric that was widely denounced as racist and divisive.
In the Netherlands, Wilders is leading in all major polls before national parliamentary elections on March 15. In Germany, Petry’s AfD is expected to enter the national parliament for the first time after federal elections in September.
Protests against the far-right are planned during the meeting, which has prized open divisions in the AfD.
→ The Guardian. 2017-01-22. After the US, far right says 2017 will be the year Europe wakes up
French presidential hopeful Marine Le Pen says 2017 will see big changes.
France’s far-right presidential candidate Marine Le Pen called on voters across Europe to “wake up” and follow the example of US and British voters.
Speaking at an unprecedented meeting in Germany of Europe’s rightwing populist parties, she said Brexit would unleash an unstoppable wave of “all the dominoes of Europe”. And after Brexit, she added, before an audience of several hundred, the election of Donald Trump was a “second coup”.
“His position on Europe is clear. He does not support a system of the oppression of peoples,” she said, to enthusiastic applause. “2016 was the year the Anglo-Saxon world woke up. I am certain 2017 will be the year when the people of continental Europe wake up.”
The meeting, in the central German city of Koblenz, was organised by Marcus Pretzell of Germany’s Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) party, under the slogan “Freedom for Europe”.
Le Pen condemned Angela Merkel’s refugee policy as a catastrophe, saying the German chancellor had “let hundreds of thousands of refugees into the country against the will of the German people”. This mirrored remarks made by Trump on Monday.
The Koblenz meeting was intended to strengthen connections between Europe’s populist parties – including Le Pen’s Front National, the AfD, Italy’s Northern League, and the Freedom Party (PVV) in the Netherlands.
Geert Wilders, leader of the PVV, had promoted the meeting on his Twitter feed, using the hashtag #WeWillMakeOurCountriesGreatAgain – a nod to Trump’s promise to “make America great again”.
The rightwing parties from across the continent have previously been cautious about meeting in public, with cooperation limited by their individual nationalist policies. Often, if cross-border meetings did take place, they were held in private or kept very low-key.
The gathering on Saturday was the first time AfD leader Frauke Petry and Le Pen had appeared together in public. The two met for dinner last summer, but when news of the meeting was leaked in the French media, Le Pen denied it had taken place.
The fledgling AfD, formed just four years ago, is hoping to secure 14% of votes in Germany’s federal elections in September, and enter the Bundestag for the first time. It is, by its own admission, deploying a technique of “targeted provocation”, in which a party member creates headlines with a comment that extends beyond what has previously been considered socially acceptable. The party leadership condemns the remarks, but they are absorbed into the common discourse, and tolerated by the leadership, who half-heartedly distance themselves from the remarks.
The strategy was most recently used by Björn Höcke, a regional leader, a few days ago, who earned warm approval from the AfD youth wing by suggesting Germany had been strangled by the way its people were forced to atone for the country’s Nazi past, and called for a “180-degree turn”. The comments were timed to coincide with the 75th anniversary of the 1942 Wannsee Conference, in which the Nazis formed the plan that led to the Holocaust.
For Le Pen, appearing to distance herself from the extremist positions of her father, Jean Marie Le Pen, the previous leader of the party, has been vital ahead of the presidential election.
But what has clearly changed, and brought the other European leaders out of the shadows to present a common front, is the election of Trump. Le Pen, Petry, Wilders and Matteo Salvini of the Northern League have all expressed admiration for the new US president.
On Friday, Petry sent Trump a telegram in which she congratulated him on behalf of the AfD: “May your hopes as a person be fulfilled and may you achieve your goals as president of the USA,” she enthused. Petry told Trump that she was encouraged by the statements he had made, and added: “We as Germans and Europeans will follow your foreign policy position with hope, because it is refreshingly different from the course of the past decades.”
Last Monday, in a joint-interview with the Times and theGerman tabloid Bild, Trump said the EU had become a “vehicle for Germany”, and predicted that more EU members would vote to leave.
Leading German media outlets were “banned” from reporting from the Koblenz meeting, having been told by its organiser, the Europe of Nations and Freedom (ENF) group in the European parliament, that they had “failed to meet journalistic standards in past reporting”.
German state broadcaster ARD condemned the media ban, calling it a “massive encroachment” on the freedom to report.
ARD’s programme director, Volker Herres, said: “It is a loss for our audience that we won’t be able to report on the meeting of rightwing populist parties in Europe. This gathering is of great importance for the future political course of this movement.”
Wilders, who is ahead in all leading opinion polls as the Dutch prepare for national elections in March, told the Koblenz meeting to cheers: “Yesterday a free America, today Koblenz, and tomorrow a new Europe”. The loudest applause came when he told the crowds: “Europe needs Frauke, not Angela.”
Protesters gathered outside the venue included prominent politicians Sigmar Gabriel, leader of Germany’s Social Democrats, and Jean Asselborn, Luxembourg’s foreign minister. About a thousand police officers were on duty.
Bild called the meeting “first and foremost a show, not a congress, for pictures that the populists will use as election advertising for their political battles at home”.
Last Friday evening, ahead of the congress, the politicians gathered with 100 guests for a dinner in the vaulted cellar of a castle, Burg Weisenau, in the nearby city of Mainz.
→ Deutsche Welle. 2017-01-22. EU’s right-wing ENF faction unites to fight for ‘patriotism, sovereignty and identity’
Leading figures and supporters of the ENF have gathered in the German town of Koblenz to set out their goals. But what does the future of Europe look like according to the right-wing faction? DW’s Kate Brady reports.
Sitting down at the Rhein-Mosel-Halle, anyone would be forgiven for thinking they were attending a normal European summit.
National flags from the European Union’s 28 member states were draped around the conference hall. Despite the UK’s impending Brexit, even the Union Jack made an appearance – tucked away in a back corner – as well as the Swiss red cross.
But there was one emblem missing from this European event: the EU’s own circle of stars in blue and gold.
Amid the hubbub in the stalls, the lights were dimmed to the imposing tune of some classical pop, the expectant, beating anthem prompting the 1,000 guests to turn eagerly, craning their necks to get a better view as they watched the event unfold through the screens of their smartphones.
The greeting was worthy of a movie star. But sandwiched between security guards escorted down the center aisle were, in fact, the five leading faces – but not necessarily members – of the European Parliament’s right-wing “Europe of Nations and Freedom” faction (ENF).
Among them was the co-leader of Germany’s anti-immigration party, Alternative for Germany (AfD), Frauke Petry; the leader of the Front National and French presidential candidate, Marine Le Pen; the leader of the Dutch anti-Islam Freedom Party (PVV), Geert Wilders; the secretary-general of the Freedom Party (FPÖ) of Austria, Harald Vilimsky; and Matteo Salvini of Italy’s anti-EU Northern League.
Armed with their signs emblazoned with the names of each of the speakers, the audience thrust the paper placards into the air as each nationalist party leader took to the stage to share their vision of Europe’s future – continuing to do so throughout, at any particular moment of agreement, as if bidding at an auction.
Billed as a “European counter-summit,” the gathering in the western German town of Koblenz was a seemingly unlikely event. A group of nationalist, euroskeptic party leaders all meeting to discuss the one thing that spawned their common cause in the first place: the European Union and, more specifically, their desire to leave it.
During almost two and a half hours of speeches, the ENF used their platform to lay out their vision for the future of Europe: one with national decision-making, controlled migration, without the euro and without open borders.
“We are the start of a patriotic spring in Europe,” Wilders told the crowd, to rapturous applause.
“Yesterday a free America, today Koblenz, and tomorrow a new Europe.”
With Le Pen, Wilders and Petry all due to face elections this year, much of the rhetoric at Saturday’s conference was built on the anticipation of the triumph which is within their reach – not least of all in France, where Front National leader Le Pen is currently leading the polls.
Galvanized by the UK’s shock vote in June last year to leave the European Union, as well Donald Trump’s unexpected victory in the US, Europe’s nationalists are more than content to ride the populist wave into 2017.
“2016 was the year the Anglo-Saxon world woke up. In 2017, I am sure, the people of continental Europe will wake up,” Le Pen told the cheering crowds.
“It’s no longer a question of if, but when,” she added.
Taking to the podium on Saturday, each of the nationalist party leaders slammed Europe’s handling of the ongoing refugee crisis, not least German Chancellor Angela Merkel, whose open-door policy saw the arrival of some 1 million refugees since 2015.
“In France, Merkel is portrayed as a heroine,” Le Pen told a jeering crowd. “But no one asked the Germans what they think of this immigration policy,” she said.
“There are thousands of Italians without homes, electricity or heating, while thousands of immigrants are living in hotels,” Italy’s Salvini added.
Reiterating the common disapproval, Wilders – who is currently leading the Dutch polls – demanded that “Europe needs Frauke instead of Angela,” prompting chants of “Merkel out!” to reverberate in a deep chorus around the hall.
Petry in turn lashed out at the record refugee influx, slamming Berlin’s calls for tolerance “while hundreds of thousands, millions, of mostly illiterate young men from a far and partly violent culture invade our continent.”
Going into Saturday’s conference, Petry’s AfD was still polling at 11-15 percent – indicating that the party is likely to become the first hardline right-wing party to enter the German parliament since 1945.
‘Home will remain home’
But beyond the political and economic demands is a core theme of culture and identity.
Le Pen, known for her staunch determination to always speak French, stood by her linguistic habit on Saturday, condemning the ever-increasing presence of English in European universities as a sign of the “cowardice of our own elites who enable this capitulation of our cultures.”
“I love Germany because it’s Germany. I love France because it’s French,” she said.
Wilders, meanwhile, said the ENF refused to accept that “people have become strangers in their own countries,” before resorting to the bizarre claim that “our women are scared to show their blonde hair.”
“Enough is enough,” he said. Reassuring the guests, however, he insisted that there was “a light at the end of the tunnel.”
“The common people will be in charge,” he later told journalists. “Not the political elite.”
Echoing the sentiment of unity among the ENF, Le Pen said: “We’ve fought separately in each of our countries. But now we’re united … for the patriotism, sovereignty and identity of our nations.”
“Long live the nations of Europe!” cried Le Pen. “Long live the Europe of nations.”