Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Militare, Politica Mondiale, Senza categoria

Cina, Usa, Mare Cinese del Sud. Punto della situazione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-12-18.

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L’importanza strategica del mar Cinese del Sud è semplicemente evidente.

Nel corso degli ultimi anno la Cina ha costruito in quel mare una serie di isole artificiali, munite di porto marittimo e di aeroporti con piste di oltre tre kilometri, infrastrutture logistiche, ed adesso sta procedendo ad armarle con batterie antiaeree convenzionali e sistemi missilistici anti-nave ed anti-aerei.

La Cina costruisce isole artificiali anche alle Scarborough Shoal.

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«satellite images published by a US group appear to show anti-aircraft guns and missile defence systems on the seven islands.»

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«In a report on Wednesday, the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative (AMTI) said it had been tracking construction of hexagon-shaped buildings on four of the Spratly islands for several months.»

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«It said the new buildings were an “evolution” of structures on the three other islands, but it was now confident that all of the buildings housed military defences.»

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«The group says that some buildings “host what are most likely anti-aircraft guns” which have visible gun barrels in satellite images, while others are probably what it terms close-in weapons systems (CIWS).»

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«CIWS are defence platforms used to detect and shoot down missiles and other aircraft.»

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«Some of the structures have been buried, the group said – which would make them less vulnerable to enemy strikes.»

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Ne è nato un contenzioso sia con i paesi bagnati da tale Mare sia, soprattutto, con gli Stati Uniti.

Nel luglio di questo anno la Permanent Court of Arbitration ha stabilito che «there was no evidence that China had historically exercised exclusive control over the waters or resources». Questa Corte era stata costituita in accordo con la United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), convenzione formata sia dalle Filippine sia dalla Cina, ma la Cina pur riconoscendo la Convenzione non ne riconosce il potere arbitrante.

Le Corti Internazionali di Giustizia hanno spesso tenuto comportamenti ambigui ed emesso sentenze partigiane.

Pur avendo nome di “internazionali“, sono riconosciute essere tali da ben pochi stati.

International Criminal Court. Anche il Sud Africa la disconosce.

Gambia pulls out of International Criminal Court, citing hypocrisy

Prosegue e si allarga la rivolta all’impèrio mondiale. Gambia.

Mare Cinese del Sud. Nota ufficiale di Pekino.

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Al contenzioso legale si sono anche associate numerose prove di forza.

China holds first live-fire drills with aircraft carrier, warships.

Negli ultimi tempi alcune inaspettate evoluzioni.

Da parte Filippina:

Duterte arrivato in visita a Pechino. Bud Bagsak non è stata dimenticata.

Ma anche da parte americana:

Trump telefona a Duterte. Entente Cordiale. Realpolitik.

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Al momento attuale la situazione è in attesa che il Presidente eletto Mr Trump prenda possesso della carica.

Non sembrerebbe però facile che gli americani riescano a ripristinare il vecchio status quo.

A nostro parere, anche la serie bilaterale di provocazioni non conduce molto lontano. Il fatto che i cinesi abbiano catturato un drone americano in acque che loro ritengono territoriali e gli americani internazionali è un evento caratteristico: il problema è e resta diplomatico in primo luogo, militare in secondo. Dovrebbe quindi essere risolto in via politica.



Bbc. 2016-12-15. South China Sea: Satellite photos ‘show weapons’ built on islands

New photographic evidence has emerged of “significant” Chinese military defences on artificial islands in the South China Sea, a think tank reports.

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China had previously committed to not militarising its controversial developments in the region.

But satellite images published by a US group appear to show anti-aircraft guns and missile defence systems on the seven islands.

Several countries claim territorial rights in the South China Sea.

In a report on Wednesday, the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative (AMTI) said it had been tracking construction of hexagon-shaped buildings on four of the Spratly islands for several months.

It said the new buildings were an “evolution” of structures on the three other islands, but it was now confident that all of the buildings housed military defences.

The group says that some buildings “host what are most likely anti-aircraft guns” which have visible gun barrels in satellite images, while others are probably what it terms close-in weapons systems (CIWS).

CIWS are defence platforms used to detect and shoot down missiles and other aircraft.

Some of the structures have been buried, the group said – which would make them less vulnerable to enemy strikes.

“These gun and probable CIWS emplacements show that Beijing is serious about defence of its artificial islands in case of an armed contingency in the South China Sea,” AMTI said.

“Among other things, they would be the last line of defence against cruise missiles launched by the United States or others against these soon-to-be-operational air bases,” it added, in a reference to previous photos which seemed to show aircraft hangars being built.

China’s Defence Ministry said on Thursday that its deployment of military equipment was “legitimate and lawful”. A brief post on the Defence Ministry’s microblog site described the equipment as necessary and defensive.

During his state visit to the US in September 2015, Chinese leader Xi Jinping said China did not intend to pursue militarisation of the Spratly islands but emphasised China’s sovereignty over the region.

The White House said it was to “demonstrate … lawful uses of the sea that the United States and all states are entitled to exercise under international law.”

China accused the US of an illegal act, and of being “intentionally provocative”.

The White House said it was to “demonstrate … lawful uses of the sea that the United States and all states are entitled to exercise under international law.”

China accused the US of an illegal act, and of being “intentionally provocative”.


Reuters. 2016-12-16. China holds first live-fire drills with aircraft carrier, warships

China’s military has carried out its first ever live-fire drills using an aircraft carrier and fighters in the northeastern Bohai Sea close to Korea, state media said.

China’s growing military presence in the disputed South China Sea has fueled concern, with the United States criticizing its militarization of maritime outposts and holding regular air and naval patrols to ensure freedom of navigation.

No other country has claims in China’s busy waterway of the Bohai Sea, but the drills come amid new tension over self-ruled Taiwan, following U.S. President-elect Donald Trump’s recent telephone call with the island’s president that upset Beijing.

Ten vessels and 10 aircraft engaged in air-to-air, air-to-sea and sea-to-air combat drills that featured guided missiles, state broadcaster Chinese Central Television reported late on Thursday.

“This is the first time an aircraft carrier squadron has performed drills with live ammunition and real troops,” it said.

China’s Soviet-built Liaoning aircraft carrier and a formation of warships carried out aerial interception, anti-aircraft and anti-missile drills, in which Shenyang J-15 fighter jets carrying live missiles also participated, CCTV said.

It broadcast images of fighter jets taking off from the carrier, firing missiles and destroying a target at sea.

The Liaoning has participated in previous military exercises, including some in the South China Sea, but the country is still years off from perfecting carrier operations similar to those the United States has practiced for decades.

On Wednesday, a U.S. think tank said China had been installing anti-aircraft and anti-missile systems on artificial islands in the South China Sea, prompting China to defend its right to install military hardware there.

China’s exercises aim to test the equipment and troop training levels, an unidentified navy official told the official China News Service.

Last December the Defence Ministry confirmed China was building a second aircraft carrier to go with the existing vessel, but its launch date is unclear.

China keeps its aircraft carrier program a state secret, and CCTV blurred images showing the cockpit instrument panel of one aircraft involved in the Bohai Sea drills.

Beijing could build multiple aircraft carriers over the next 15 years, the Pentagon said in a report last year.

China’s successful operation of the Liaoning is the first step in what state media and some military experts believe will be the deployment of domestically built carriers by 2020.

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