«A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war, or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group».
«Who is an asylum seeker?
When people flee their own country and seek sanctuary in another country, they apply for asylum – the right to be recognized as a refugee and receive legal protection and material assistance. An asylum seeker must demonstrate that his or her fear of persecution in his or her home country is well-founded.».
Ricapitolando, asylum seeker è una persona che ha abbandonato il proprio paese. Essa deve dimostrare in modo inconfutabile di essere stata perseguitata per ottenere lo status di refugee.
Come si constata, tra i due termini corre una gran bella differenza, visto tra l’altro che solo una quota minimale di richiedenti asilo si vede riconosciuto lo status di rifugiato: il cinque per cento, circa.
* * * * * * *
Chiariamo immediatamente che quelli che Deutsche Welle denomina “refugees” sono invece “asylum seekers“.
* * * * * * *
«Within the new refugee integration law, German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s coalition government created a program that is supposed to provide 100,000 one-euro jobs to supplement welfare benefits for asylum seekers»
«Under the new integration law, those undergoing the asylum application procedure “should pursue a meaningful activity,” the German government said on its website»
Ma all’interno del milione e duecentomila migranti entrati illegalmente in Germania lo scorso anno, quasi tutti asylum seekers, le persone che hanno avanzato richiesta di poter lavorare sono state 12,192, meno dell’uno per cento.
La voglia di lavorare non sembrerebbe essere una caratteristica saliente dei migranti.
Solo un po’ più della metà di quanti avessero fatto richiesta è stato considerato idoneo a svolgere un lavoro, quale per esempio eseguire pulizie, servire a tavola in una mensa e ruoli del genere, che notoriamente richiedono un’altissima specializzazione ed almeno un master universitario.
«has seen some 12,192 applications for the jobs while 6,459 were accepted»
Visto infine che la legge in oggetto utilizza fonti dell’Unione Europea, ai malpensanti verrebbe in mente che la Germania e la sua Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel stiano prendendo per i fondi i loro sventurati compagni di viaggio.
Poi non ci si lamenti se i ‘populisti’ stanno lasciando a casa i loro vecchi governanti.
Only 4,300 refugees out of a planned 100,000 have started working at so-called “one-euro jobs” as outlined by Germany’s new integration law. The Federal Labor Agency has said the low figures are no cause for concern.
A program to provide low-paying jobs to refugees is off to a sluggish start, according to a German media report on Friday.
Within the new refugee integration law, German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s coalition government created a program that is supposed to provide 100,000 one-euro jobs to supplement welfare benefits for asylum seekers.
The program, which began on August 1, has seen some 12,192 applications for the jobs while 6,459 were accepted, according to figures from the Federal Labor Agency as reported by the “Passauer Neuen Presse” newspaper.
As of November, only 4,392 refugees were working at the jobs, the agency said, adding that the program’s slow start is no cause for concern.
“It’s normal that there is a certain warm-up time for such programs,” a speaker with the Federal Labor Agency’s Nuremberg office said. He added that the figures have been rising considerably since October.
According to the report, around 42 percent of the one-euro jobs already given to asylum seekers concern work with state, municipal or non-profit organizations.
Participation in the program differs greatly regionally across Germany. Some 1,398 asylum seekers in the southern state of Baden-Württemberg have a one-euro job, followed by 1,297 in North Rhine-Westphalia. No asylum seekers in four German states – Rhineland-Palatinate, Berlin, Bremen and Saarland – have participated in the program.
How ‘one-euro jobs’ work
Under the new integration law, those undergoing the asylum application procedure “should pursue a meaningful activity,” the German government said on its website. Within the new regulations, refugees are paid less than a euro for the one-euro jobs or “mini jobs” on top of existing benefits. If they refuse a job their benefits could be cut.
Asylum seekers are paid 80 cents per hour for the “mini-jobs,” working a maximum of 30 hours a week for up to six months. Jobs typically include doing laundry, cleaning, or helping distribute food within the refugee shelters.
The program is also designed to encourage integration and German language development.
The new law does provides a three-year suspension on a previous regulation which barred asylum seekers from accepting jobs if a German or EU citizen is available for the position.
A similar program to encourage Germany’s long-term unemployed to reenter the workforce went into effect in 2005. Those who work the one-euro jobs are typically paid by a government subsidy which ranges between 1 euro and 2 euros per hour ($1.06 – $2.13) on top of their existing welfare benefits.
Germany’s original one-euro job scheme has been frequently criticized in the past by labor unions, Federal Audit Office and others who argue the subsidized mini jobs replace regular jobs and do not lead to long-term employment.
How easy is it for refugees to find jobs in Germany? The employment agency of Germany’s most populous state is sounding the alarm over its inability to provide tens of thousands of refugees with work.
An estimated 50,000 asylum seekers in the western German state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) who’ve completed the prerequisite asylum process and integration courses are now at the point where they may apply for jobs, the state’s employment agency says.
Experts agree that “labor market participation is the single most important step” to a successful integration into host societies, according to a March 2016 study by the European Parliament entitled “Labor Market Integration of Refugees.”
At the same time, the study realizes this is a “major challenge” for the host countries, as many refugees “will probably stay for a long time.”
“There will be major challenges in the coming years with regard to labor market integration of refugees,” Mareike Bünning, director of studies at the Berlin Social Science Center (WZB), agrees.
In the face of Germany’s low birthrate and rapidly aging population, one would think that the influx of new labor would be beneficial,
but in NRW, however, there is little demand for these would-be-employees in Germany’s most populous state.
Few firms are interested in employing these workers, often complaining that their resident permit status is still not clear or the work permit regulations are too complicated, Christiane Schönefeld, the head of the NRW employment agency told the local WDR broadcaster.
It seems many refugees from Syria and other war-torn countries lack the skills and qualifications German companies need, even if they have completed vocational training or a university degree in their native countries.
But this is the moment in time when integrating refugees into the labor market either succeeds or fails, Schönefeld argues.
Months ago, NRW set up 47 specific “integration point” centers where refugees can find help with integration classes, guidance counseling, recognition of foreign credentials or finding a kindergarten spot. Trained staff who speak several languages, often including Arabic and Farsi, also help refugees find their way into the German labor market.
But about one out of three refugees has no formal school diploma, the NRW employment agency told DW in an email, adding that young people with little or no schooling rarely have a chance of finding a trainee position. It’s important these refugees finish school, the agency says.
In general, asylum seekers to Europe are mainly young and male, the study commissioned earlier this year by the European Parliament finds: 74 percent of first-time asylum applicants are male and 82 percent are younger than 35.
The same is true for refugees in North Rhine-Westphalia, the employment agency says. Seventy percent of the refugees in the state’s October unemployment statistics are male, and poorly educated – and the only kind of job they seek is untrained labor. More than 60 percent are younger than 35.
Culture isn’t the major integration barrier at all, according to a study by the Research Institute of the Federal Employment Agency (IAB), which suggests that refugees who have fled to Germany by and large share their host country’s values.
The main problem in tackling the German labor market is the language. German language skills, IAB migration expert Herbert Brücker told DW, are a main prerequisite for an education and integrating into the job market in this country.
But Brücker is confident many refugees will find their way into the German workplace. One out of three has attended integration courses, and two out of three have participated in language classes.
Nationwide, the migration expert estimates that between 460,000 and 480,000 refugees won’t be ready to enter the German job market until the end of 2017 and others even later. It’s a slow process, he says, adding that five years from now, only about half are expected to have trickled into the job market.