Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale, Sistemi Economici

Cina ed America Latina. Fine della Dottrina Monroe.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-11-28.

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Sempre che la cosa sia possibile, serviranno anni ed anni di inteso lavoro per rimediare i danni devastati fatti dall’Amministrazione Obama in stretta collaborazione con Mr. Hollande e Frau Merkel.

Di oggi la notizia ufficiale che il Chile ha avanzato richiesta di essere ammesso alla Aiib.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

«The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank (MDB) conceived for the 21st century. Through a participatory process, its founding members are developing its core philosophy, principles, policies, value system and operating platform. The Bank’s foundation is built on the lessons of experience of existing MDBs and the private sector. Its modus operandi will be lean, clean and green: lean, with a small efficient management team and highly skilled staff; clean, an ethical organization with zero tolerance for corruption; and green, an institution built on respect for the environment. The AIIB will put in place strong policies on governance, accountability, financial, procurement and environmental and social frameworks.

The AIIB, a modern knowledge-based institution, will focus on the development of infrastructure and other productive sectors in Asia, including energy and power, transportation and telecommunications, rural infrastructure and agriculture development, water supply and sanitation, environmental protection, urban development and logistics, etc. The operational strategy and priority areas of engagement may be revised or further refined by its governing boards in the future as circumstances may warrant.»

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«La Banca Asiatica d’Investimento per le infrastrutture (AIIB), fondata a Pechino nell’ottobre 2014, è un’istituzione finanziaria internazionale proposta dalla Repubblica Popolare Cinese. Si contrappone al Fondo Monetario Internazionale, alla Banca Mondiale e all’Asian Development Bank, queste ultime, secondo molti osservatori, sarebbero sotto il controllo del capitale e delle scelte strategiche dei paesi sviluppati come gli Stati Uniti d’America. Scopo della Banca è fornire e sviluppare progetti di infrastrutture nella regione Asia-Pacifico attraverso la promozione dello sviluppo economico-sociale della regione e contribuendo alla crescita mondiale.» [Fonte]

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Come evidenziato anche dal Mef, Italia, Francia e Germania, da bravi alleati che hanno aspettato soltanto il momento opportuno per tradire, hanno anche esse aderito all’Aiib, ma in questa organizzazione la Cina e la Russia sono i paesi guida.

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Cina – Pakistan. Inaugurata la strada Gwadar – Kashgar.

Usa. Perù ripudia il TPP. Vuole un trattato con Russia e Cina.

Cina. Una diplomazia alla conquista del mondo.

Cina. È diventata il maggiore investitore nell’Europa dell’est.

Cina. Consolida il suo impero in Africa.

«China’s popularity …. is strong. Its policy of not linking aid and investments to human rights and good governance has made Beijing many friends on the continent, beyond its authoritarian governments». [Deutsche Welle]

Si tenga presente che in questo contesto il termine “human rights” indica la adesione a credo omofilo, mentre “good governance” significa avere un governo filo-americano.

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«In the 10 years up to 2015, the volume of China-Latin America trade rose twenty-fold to $263.6 billion»

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«China is the second largest trade partner and third largest investment source of Latin America.»

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«China’s increasing engagements are changing the region’s geopolitics in a way that may challenge the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, in which U.S. President James Monroe asserted U.S. supremacy over its southern region and required other powers to keep out»

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Persa sia pure parzialmente l’Asia, persa quasi completamente l’Africa, ora l’Occidente e gli Stati Uniti in particolare si stanno avviando a perdere anche l’America Latina.

 


China. 2016-11-23. Chile wants to join AIIB as soon as possible

Chilean President Michelle Bachelet on Tuesday said her country wants to join the China-initiated Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) at the earliest date possible.

Bachelet made the remarks when meeting with visiting Chinese President Xi Jinping who arrived in Santiago on Tuesday afternoon for a state visit.

In a joint statement issued after the meeting, the two countries agreed to lift bilateral ties to a comprehensive strategic partnership and to start talks on an upgrade of their free trade agreement (FTA) as soon as possible.

“An upgrade of the FTA between Chile and China will give economic and trade cooperation between the two countries a strong boost,” Bachelet said.

Chile welcomes Chinese enterprises to increase their investments in the Latin American country, she said, adding that her country is willing to join the AIIB as soon as possible.

Chile is the last leg of Xi’s three-nation Latin America tour, which has already taken the Chinese president to Ecuador and Peru. He also attended the 24th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Economic Leaders’ Meeting in Lima, capital of Peru.

 


China. 2016-11-23. Spotlight: LatAm media leaders praise Xi’s speech, optimistic about China-LatAm media cooperation.

Latin American media leaders have praised Chinese President Xi Jinping’s speech at a summit for Chinese and Latin American media executives held here Tuesday, saying they are optimistic about the prospects of China-Latin America media cooperation.

While affirming media exchanges are an important part of the overall China-Latin America relationship, Xi urged Chinese and Latin American media outlets to work together to speak up on important issues concerning world peace and development, help boost pragmatic cooperation between China and Latin America and learn from each other to take bilateral media cooperation to a higher level.

Xi’s attendance at the media summit after he participated in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in Lima, Peru, showed that he was very optimistic about the prospects for China-Latin America media cooperation, said Miguel Winazki, chief editor of Argentina’s Clarin newspaper.

Clarin will deepen cooperation with the Chinese media, Winazki added.

Xi’s speech at the media summit was very encouraging, said Olman Manzano, who is in charge of the website of Honduras’ La Tribuna newspaper, adding that he totally agrees with Xi’s judgment on a bright future for China-Latin America media cooperation.

He said that deepening cooperation between bilateral media bodies will promote economic and cultural exchanges between China and Latin America.

China is a great country and under Xi’s leadership, China and Latin America are building a community of shared destiny, Manzano said.

“Just like President Xi said, more and more Latin America media professionals should go to China so that Latin American people can know a real and vivid China through the eyes of the media and can experience the development vitality and prosperity of the world’s second-largest economy,” he said.

Xi, in his speech, said that China will invite a number of Latin American journalists to work and study in China and train 500 media staff for Latin American and Caribbean nations.

For Nohelia Gonzalez, editor-in-chief of Nicaragua’s La Prensa newspaper, who had flown a dozen hours to attend the media summit, listening to Xi’s speech in person was a hard-won experience for a mainstream media outlet in the Central American country.

“Nicaragua is still a poverty-stricken country. We have a lot to learn from China whether in the media or economic development,” Gonzalez said.

She hoped that Chinese and Latin American media outlets can learn from each other to further China-Latin America pragmatic cooperation.

Mauricio Madrigal, head of Nicaragua’s Canal 10 Television network, said that Nicaraguan people know little about China due to the great distance between the two countries.

Therefore, as a media professional, he said, he bears great responsibility to let his compatriots know more about China.

Madrigal said he will use his cameras as a bridge for China-Latin America cultural exchanges, helping Nicaraguan people better understand China and making the two peoples real friends.

Alejandro Ramos, president of Notimex, the official Mexican news agency, told Xinhua that the media is exerting growing global influence with the emergence of the Internet and social media.

The media is playing an increasingly important role in promoting mutual understanding and benefits as well as enhancing people-to-people, economic and trade exchanges between nations, Ramos said.

Against such a backdrop, colleagues of Chinese and Latin American media outlets are telling stories of inter-state friendship and cooperation via different media platforms, he said.

“Xi’s speech at the media summit gives us confidence. Cooperation between China and Latin American countries such as Mexico always sticks to the principle of mutual benefit and win-win cooperation. We have reasons to believe that China-Latin America ties have entered the best period in history,” Ramos said.

Carlos Benavides, deputy chief editor of Mexico’s El Universal newspaper, agreed with Ramos. “The media is a bridge for China and Latin America to strengthen mutual understanding and friendship,” he said.

Sergio Andres Gomez Cepeda, chief editor of Colombia’s La Vanguardia newspaper, called for creating new space for China-Latin America cooperation.

“For Latin America, we expect China-Latin America cooperation will produce more new opportunities, not only in trade, but also in the media,” he said.

 


China. 2016-11-22. Xi in LatAm: China expands footprints in the region

Chinese President Xi Jinping’s ongoing visit to Latin America – from Nov 17 to 23 – comes at an opportune juncture, with the U.S. and other powers caught in domestic situations and global uncertainties that preclude their proactive engagement abroad. And President Xi, who is on course for state visits to Ecuador, Peru and Chile, can be expected to make the most of extending China’s influence in a region seen as the U.S.’s backyard.

Xi’s visit may have far-reaching consequences for the U.S. The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), being all but buried, may be one of many casualties to follow in the aftermath of Donald Trump being elected president.

The post-election transition in the U.S. means that its presence will hardly be felt in the Lima APEC session, where all eyes will be on Xi. As a lame duck, President Barack Obama’s attendance will actually underscore the declining influence of the U.S. on APEC. Obama’s delegation can hardly contribute to chalking out any future plans, and in the absence of the officials from the incoming U.S. President’s team, the U.S. delegation will be conspicuously ineffective.

The other big power, Russia, though firmly with China and against the U.S. in the Pacific and the Middle East, is preoccupied with a reset of its relations with Washington in the aftermath of a Trump victory. President Vladimir Putin’s current priority is to win over the U.S. President-elect for his goals in the Middle East where Russia’s military engagement could be decisive. Thus, APEC and Latin America are not priorities for Moscow at this time.

China has the field clear to boost its economic and trade relations with Latin America. However, in the current circumstances, President Xi, despite being all too aware of China’s advantageous situation, is unlikely to project political power or touch upon strategic objectives. In fact, he may shy away from it to emphasize that instead of political and ideological influence, what China is seeking is a deeper and stronger economic partnership that would be mutually beneficial.

Therefore, the economic objectives of Xi’s mission are no less important. In the 10 years up to 2015, the volume of China-Latin America trade rose twenty-fold to $263.6 billion. China is the second largest trade partner and third largest investment source of Latin America.

The potential for win-win cooperation is immense. Latin America has been identified as one of the three main areas that could be a net energy supplier to China. The region has huge natural resources including minerals that China is interested in. In return, China can help with infrastructure development on a massive scale and supply manufactured goods at very low prices. The slowdown in China and the consequent surplus of material such as iron, cement, etc. would actually help export of projects, especially infrastructure building.

Economic and commercial ties apart, China is engaged with Latin America in multilateral forums such as China-Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) Forum, Organization of American States (OAS), G5 group (Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa), BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) and the BASIC group (Brazil, South Africa, India, and China).

Clearly, Latin America figures high on China’s foreign policy agenda. This is Xi’s third visit to Latin America as president since 2013. Although his visit to Ecuador is the first by a Chinese leader since 1980, Latin America has seen more than 30 visits in the last 15 years by Chinese presidents and premiers.

China’s increasing engagements are changing the region’s geopolitics in a way that may challenge the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, in which U.S. President James Monroe asserted U.S. supremacy over its southern region and required other powers to keep out. Mikhail Gorbachev did visit Latin America, but that did not ruffle any feathers in Washington as the Soviet Union was falling apart and Russia alone was no match for U.S. power.

Unlike in those times, China’s presence has grown by leaps and bounds in recent years. An, a U.S. in retreat signifies the collapse of the TPP and other mechanisms and schemes conceived with a view to extending American power in the Pacific to contain China. Right now, China is in a position to make the most of opportunities in Latin America and Xi may capitalize on that.

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