Pubblicato in: Criminalità Organizzata

Cocaina. Quante sono le morti legate alla sua produzione in Columbia?

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.




«how many people die for every kilo of cocaine? … Six lives»

Diciamo subito che questa cifra ci semberebbe del tutto fantasiosa.


«fortunately Elizabeth Zilli, who was the DEA’s head of intelligence in Colombia at the time, agreed to be interviewed»


«For the purpose of our sum, we will take it that every murder in the US and Colombia in 1992 was drug-related. That gives us a total of 53,000 deaths»


«In 1992, Colombia had over 28,000 murders»


«the United Nations estimates 92 tonnes or 92,000 kilos of cocaine was produced in Colombia in 1992»


«nine years later the official US intelligence-driven assessment of the production of pure cocaine in Colombia was 700 tonnes»


«the six-deaths-per-kilo figure is clearly very wrong»

* * * * * * * *

Siamo d’accordo con la conclusione dell’articolista della Bbc. Ragioniamo un po’ sui dati relativi al 1992.

Ammettiamo che tutti i 28,000 omicidi siano da imputarsi alla produzione e smercio di cocaina, anche se sembrerebbe essere ipotesi alquanto esagerata.

La cifra dovrebbe corrispondere a 3.29 (92,000 / 28,000) chili di cocaina per ogni omicidio. Grosso modo un omicidio ogni tre – quattro kili.

* * * * * * *

Questo tanto per mettere un pochino di ordine nei numeri.

Dire la verità, o almeno cercare di fare il possibile per avvicinarcisi al meglio, dovrebbe essere un obbligo morale ed etico, specie poi quando si pubblicano dei dati.

Dai dati disponibili, potrebbe essere ragionevole stimare un assassino ogni cento kili di cocaina prodotta.

Sono sempre una enormità, sia ben chiaro, ma almeno questa cifra sembrerebbe essere ragionevolmente accettabile.

Un altro peso in più sulla coscienza dei permissivisti.


Bbc. 2016-10-23. Do six people die for every kilo of cocaine?

The Netflix drama, Narcos, about the infamous Colombian drug trafficker Pablo Escobar, cites a shocking statistic on the human cost of the drugs trade. But is it true?

Agent Steve Murphy is in an airport toilet when he sees two Americans snorting cocaine. He asks them if they know the true price of the drugs they are taking – more specifically, how many people die for every kilo of cocaine?

“Six lives – that’s how much it cost,” he tells them. “What do you think about that?”

It’s a scene from Narcos, a Netflix drama series based on the real-life story of Murphy, an agent with the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), who was sent to Colombia to track down and arrest Escobar.

That scene was set in 1992. But was it really true at the time that six people lost their lives for every kilo of cocaine processed, shipped and distributed in the US?

The Netflix programme-makers told the BBC the statistic came from a DEA source who couldn’t be named.

But fortunately Elizabeth Zilli, who was the DEA’s head of intelligence in Colombia at the time, agreed to be interviewed.

“I really couldn’t give you a number, but it was extremely high,” she says. “We never totally trusted the statistics we were getting from the [Colombian] government. One never does, no matter where you are.”

Corroborating the figures was difficult, she adds, because the DEA often relied on second- or third-hand information, and informants who may not have been totally reliable.

However, it’s possible to very roughly approximate the cost in human life of a kilo of cocaine in 1992.

In 1992, Colombia had over 28,000 murders, while in the United States – a country with a population seven times bigger – there were around 25,000.

But there’s a problem. We don’t know which of these murders had anything to do with drugs. And coming up with a figure for drug-related homicide is virtually impossible, as Sanho Tree, a drug policy researcher at the Institute of Public Policy, explains.

“At various phases in the war between Pablo Escobar and the state, you know, they were blowing up airliners to go after particular people, that sort of thing,” says Tree.

“How do you count all those bodies, and do you have enough witnesses to piece these pieces together? In Colombia, people don’t talk because they know the moment they [make] an accusation, they are dead meat.”

So let’s start with the highest possible figure and make an assumption we know is not true.

For the purpose of our sum, we will take it that every murder in the US and Colombia in 1992 was drug-related. That gives us a total of 53,000 deaths.

So now we just need the cocaine figures. Funnily enough, these are not easy to find either – you can hardly send a freedom of information request to a cocaine cartel.

“It was so difficult, especially with cocaine, to find out exactly what was being produced,” says Zilli.