Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Ungheria. Referendum. Come lo vedono i socialisti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-10-03.

 raffaello-san-michele-vince-satana-1504-museo-del-louvre

Raffaello. L’Arcangelo Michele sconfigge satana. Museo del Louvre.


I fatti.

– Il 98% dei votanti ha negato alla Unione Europea il diritto di imporre all’Ungheria l’accoglienza di una quota di migranti contro l’esplicito assenso del parlamento magiaro.

– I votanti sono stati il 46% degli elettori, quindi il referendum è invalidato per carenza di quorum.

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Nel riportare la stampa abbiamo fatto grande attenzione a scegliere prevalentemente i giornali chiaramente contrari alla politica di Mr Orban.

Non interessa però alcunché conoscere cosa ne pensi un giornalista, sia pure illustre: siamo invece interessati a conoscere quale sia la opinione di chi finanzia quei giornali ed ordina ai giornalisti cosa essi debbano scrivere.

Ci rifiutiamo invece di citare e riportare l’articolo comparso sul Sole 24 Ore, perché intriso di odio politico dichiaratamente razzista nei confronti del popolo ungherese, riportando una grande quantità di cose artatamente distorte in modo menzognero. Comprendiamo l’ardore del giornalista a dimostrarsi estremamente ligio al comando dei suoi padroni, comprendiamo che debba mettere il pasto in tavola, anche se si potrebbe vivere senza ostriche e champagne: tuttavia, a nostro avviso, gli avversari politici dovrebbero essere trattati come tali, non alla stregua di nemici da distruggere. Inoltre, con odio e menzogna si suscitano soltanto sentimenti opposti.

Però è questo il cuore del problema.

Per l’articolista del Sole 24 Ore non esistono avversari politici. Nella sua visione si deve riconoscere all’attuale elité europea attributo divino: chi vi si opponesse sarebbe quindi un “eretico”.

Pensavamo che usare il termine “socialista ideologo” fosse sufficiente, ma ci eravamo sbagliati.

Qui siamo di fronte ad una forma di integralismo socialista, in tutto simile a quello islamico.

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Deutsche Welle.

«Hungarians have overwhelmingly rejected the EU’s refugee quota plan in a referendum. However, less than 50 percent of the country’s 8 million eligible voters have participated in the poll, rendering it invalid»

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«Thirteen years after a large majority of Hungarians voted at a referendum to join the European Union, today Hungarians made their voices heard again in a European issue»

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«The plebiscite also threatens to further split the EU, already weakened by its worst migration crisis since post-World War II and the UK’s decision to leave the EU» [Deutsche Welle]

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Breitbart.

«Hungarian Prime minister Viktor Orban has delivered a huge blow to the European Union after 95 per cent of the Hungarian public soundly rejected EU migrant redistribution plans.»

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Guardian.

«Today is a sweeping victory for all those who reject the EU’s mandatory, unlimited quotas, … It is a sweeping victory for all those who believe that the foundations of a strong European Union can only be the strong nation states.»

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New Europe.

«Projections by the Political Capital research and consultancy institute suggest that final turnout between 43.9 and 45.9%, lower than the 50%+1 vote that would validate the vote.»

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Giornali arabi.

I giornali arabi non riportano notizia alcuna sul referendum, pur essendo molto attenti a quanto accade nel mondo. Una maggiore importanza è stata data, e noi diremmo con molta ragione, al crollo delle sinistre in Brasile.

Brazil’s Workers Party faces major setback in local elections.

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Conclusioni.

– Raggiungere o meno il quorum è questione legale: importante, ma pur sempre legale. E qui Mr Orban ha fallito uno dei suoi scopi.

– Il messaggio politico è però inequivocabile: è stato un plebiscito contro la prassi dell’attuale dirigenza dell’Unione Europea. È stato un trionfo per Mr Orban.

– Non riteniamo importanti le reazioni dell’establishment. A breve termine questi attori politici scompariranno per via delle elezioni che si terranno il prossimo anno.

– È ben più interessante conoscere cosa vogliano i popoli, piuttosto che i desiderata dei politici uscenti.


Deutsche Welle. 2016-10-03. Hungarian referendum: plurality rejects EU migrant plan, but poll numbers too low to be valid.

Hungarians have overwhelmingly rejected the EU’s refugee quota plan in a referendum. However, less than 50 percent of the country’s 8 million eligible voters have participated in the poll, rendering it invalid.

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Citizens in Hungary have voted in a controversial referendum to reject the European Union’s plan to distribute migrants across the bloc. However, data from the National Election Office’s special referendum website suggest the number of voters was less than 50 percent, invalidating the result.

According to the National Election Office, more than 98 percent of voters rejected the EU’s migrant quota, while just 1.67 percent voted in favor of it.

Speaking after the results were announced, Prime Minister Viktor Orban said the results needed to be taken into account by EU decision-makers.

“Thirteen years after a large majority of Hungarians voted at a referendum to join the European Union, today Hungarians made their voices heard again in a European issue,” Orban told a news conference in the capital, Budapest.

“We have achieved an outstanding result, because we have surpassed the outcome of the accession referendum,” he added. He said he would submit an amendment to Hungary’s constitution based on the plebiscite.

‘A sweeping victory’

Earlier, the governing Fidesz party vice president Gergely Gulyas expressed doubts that the vote could be invalid.

However, regardless of the numbers, the result was “a sweeping victory for all those who reject the relocation plan, for those who believe that only nations states should remain and for those who believe in democracy,” he said.

Before results were announced, Orban said there would be “legal consequences” regardless of the outcome of the poll. “A valid referendum is always better than an invalid one, but the legal consequences will be the same,” he said. “There is only one condition for this: that there are more ‘No’ votes than ‘Yes’ votes,” he added.

Opposition parties and rights groups had called on Hungarians to boycott the referendum, which was organized by Orban to whip up support against the EU’s planned quota to distribute refugees across member states.

Eastern European countries, including Hungary, Slovakia and Poland, have vehemently opposed accepting migrants. Hungary has refused to accept even one of the 1,294 refugees allotted to it and has instead filed a legal case against the EU, together with Slovakia.

 


Guardian. 2016-10-03. Hungary’s refugee referendum not valid after voters stay away

PM Viktor Orbán fails to convince 50% of electorate to turn out, but those who did so voted to exclude new refugees.

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The Hungarian prime minister, Viktor Orbán, has failed to convince a majority of his population to vote in a referendum on closing the door to refugees, rendering the result invalid and undermining his campaign for a cultural counter-revolution within the European Union.

More than 98% of participants in Sunday’s referendum sided with Orbán by voting against the admission of refugees to Hungary, allowing him to claim an “outstanding” victory. But more than half of the electorate stayed at home, rendering the process constitutionally null and void.

Orbán himself put a positive spin on the low turnout. He argued that while “a valid [referendum] is always better than an invalid [referendum]” the extremely high proportion of no-voters still gave him a mandate to go to Brussels next week “to ensure that we should not be forced to accept in Hungary people we don’t want to live with”.

He argued that the poll would encourage a wave of similar votes across the EU. “We are proud that we are the first,” he said.

The result, though, gives potential respite to the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, and EU officials in Brussels, whose comparatively progressive refugee policies and liberal political outlook had been under sustained assault from Orbán in recent months.

Internationally, Orbán’s referendum was seen as a plebiscite on not just the EU’s refugee-sharing quota – which would see just 1,294 refugees resettled in Hungary from Greece and Italy – but on the role of nation state and the future of liberal democracy within the EU.

Presenting himself as the voice of the European masses, Orbán had called for a cultural rebellion within the EU, praised aspects of illiberal strongman leadership that are anathema to the EU’s professed values and opposed attempts to share responsibility for refugees between EU states.

The refugee referendum was an attempt to build support for this vision and Orbán hoped that a strong turnout would lead to a series of copycat votes across the continent. But despite the biggest and most divisive advertising campaign in Hungarian history, Orbán failed to entice enough voters to the ballot box.

Early results suggested that about 43.9% of the Hungarian electorate participated, significantly less than the 50% threshold needed to validate the referendum.

This could slow Orbán’s political momentum within Europe, said András Bíró-Nagy, a former EU official, and a fellow at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. “How can he win a cultural counter-revolution in Europe if he can’t get a valid referendum result on his strongest issue in his own country?” Bíró-Nagy asked.

The deputy head of Orbán’s party, Fidesz, also framed the vote as a triumph. “Today is a sweeping victory for all those who reject the EU’s mandatory, unlimited quotas,” said Gergely Gulyás. “It is a sweeping victory for all those who believe that the foundations of a strong European Union can only be the strong nation states.”

But Fidesz’s critics said the party had exaggerated the result. Viktor Szigetvári, the leader of Együtt, a liberal opposition party, said: “In his speech, the prime minister failed to recognise the reality. The majority of Hungarians stayed away from the polls and what’s been left behind is a divided country. To heal this, we need a change in government.”

Analysts said that the low turnout was ultimately underwhelming for a man who bases his arguments on their popular appeal and whose toxic advertising campaign was five times larger than the next biggest in Hungarian history. Of Hungary’s 20,000 advertising hoardings, 5,888 were used for the referendum campaign – considerably more than the 1,200 used by a tobacco firm in the mid-1990s, according to research by Transparency International.

Csaba Tóth, strategy director at the Republikon thinktank, said: “It’s a disappointment for him, but it doesn’t make it impossible for him to claim it as a victory; there are still more than three million people voting for him. But expectations were higher. Despite the very distorted media landscape, and despite all this advertising, it was only enough to mobilise voters from Fidesz and Jobbik,” a far-right opposition party.

Liberal opposition politicians argued that the referendum was an attempt to distract from Orbán’s domestic failures and told their supporters to boycott the vote in order to render it invalid. Questions were raised over the amount of state funds that were used to pay for referendum adverts in government-friendly media outlets or on hoardings owned by government allies.

The government denies any wrongdoing and says the adverts were placed in a “completely transparent” manner. But Transparency International and other academic researchers queried the process.

Attila Bátorfy, a researcher on media affairs at the Central European University, said: “Channelling state funds to media outlets that are owned by oligarchs allied to the governments and have viewership that is lower their competitors – what’s the problem with that? It’s using state funds to prop up the government’s private media backers, for the purposes of drumming up support for the government’s position.”

Government critics condemned the divisive tone of Orbán’s campaign. He and his colleagues frequently linked refugees to terrorism and relentlessly plugged their message, even during half-time advertising breaks at the European football championships in June.

Zsuzsanna Vajna, a 79-year-old Holocaust survivor who remembers being made to walk up and down the banks of the Danube while Hungarian Nazis shot other Jews into the river, said the stigmatisation of refugees reminded her of the incitement against Jews during her childhood.

“It very much feels like the atmosphere in the 30s before the second world war,” Vajna said. “In the 1930s, we were in a very bad economic situation. People had to be blamed, and then it was the Jews. And that’s what I’m reminded of when I read the Hungarian government’s propaganda. It’s very dangerous. Because it can contaminate all of Europe.”

 


New Europe. 2016-10-03. “If after all of this, Mr Orban, you can’t get half your people to vote, that’s a sign that your time is up,”

Hungarians appear to have not turned up to vote for the referendum on the EU’s relocation programme. Analysts forecast that the ballot will be invalid because the 50% of the voting population threshold for the vote to be valid won’t be reached.

The referendum asks: “Do you want the European Union to be able to prescribe the mandatory settlement of non-Hungarian citizens in Hungary even without the consent of Parliament?”

Hungarian MEP Tamas Deutsch defended the referendum question to New Europe, earlier: “The question put forward by the Government has gone through legal scrutiny and it has been approved at the highest level, the Constitutional Court. The question in front of Hungarian citizens is clear and objective.”

As nearly 8.3 million citizens were eligible to cast ballots, turnout had reached 39.9% by 5:30 p.m., the National Election Office said.

Projections by the Political Capital research and consultancy institute suggest that final turnout between 43.9 and 45.9%, lower than the 50%+1 vote that would validate the vote.

“Today is a sweeping victory for all those who reject the EU’s mandatory, unlimited quotas,” said Fidesz vice chairman Gergely Gulyas, of Victor Orban‘s governing Party. “It is a sweeping victory for all those who believe that the foundations of a strong European Union can only be the strong nation states.”

Orban said he would resign if the “Yes” votes won, but the vow was seen mostly as a ploy to boost turnout by drawing his critics to the polls. Trying to turn the result around. Hungarian Prime Minister Orbán is expected to hold a press conference tonight, but journalists are not allowed to attend, just cameramen alone, according to reports.

“More than 3 million vote no in referendum. That’s more than voted to join the EU in the 2003 referendum,” says the Hungarian government’s Twitter account.

 


Breitbart. 2016-10-03. Hungary Referendum: EU Humiliated as 95 Percent Say NO to Migrant Quotas

Hungarian Prime minister Viktor Orban has delivered a huge blow to the European Union after 95 per cent of the Hungarian public soundly rejected EU migrant redistribution plans.

The Hungarian referendum on the redistribution of migrants and asylum seekers by the European Union has faced an almost unanimous result among Hungarian voters. An overwhelming majority of those who cast their ballot agree with Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban that Hungary should not be forced by the European Union to accept migrants via redistribution.

The victory could set in motion the Orban government’s plans to create laws that may be even more stringent toward asylum seekers who enter the country and possibly those who are residing there today. Spokesman for Orban, Zoltan Kovacs, told press in Brussels last month that he expected the result to affirm the position of the government and be used as a stepping stone to create more laws.

However, the victory could be bittersweet for the Hungarian leader as voter apathy led to a low turnout. Many of the opposition parties have told their followers and supporters to either invalidate their ballots or simply not vote at all. Breitbart London spoke to several Hungarians on the streets of Budapest who were pro-Orban but also expressed concern that the rhetoric surrounding the referendum had gone on for a long time.

The victory in the polls for Orban is a clear approval by a huge portion of the population and will likely further frustrate more migrant-friendly countries like Germany and France. German Chancellor Angela Merkel recently said that she had little intention of changing her course in regards to migrant policy despite her severe losses in recent elections.

Viktor Orban meanwhile has said that the migrant policies of France and Germany have been “self-destructive” to the European Union. The countries in central and Eastern Europe have a much different view with Poland giving Orban a prestigious man of the year award. The ongoing conflict between the two blocs on migration will likely only be heightened after the referendum result.

Annunci