Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Europea, Medio Oriente, Problemia Energetici

Egitto. Impianto Nucleare russo di Al Dabaa funzionante per il 2022.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-05-20.

 Egypt 004. - Al Daab

 

L’Egitto è una nazione di quasi novanta milioni di abitanti con pil ppa pro capite di circa 6,540 Usd l’anno. Nell’ultimo decennio è stato travagliato da una serie di torbidi politici denominati “Primavera Araba” che hanno profondamente destabilizzato e severamente rallentato il processo di emersione del sistema economico. Non indifferenti sono state le intromissioni, anche sfacciatamente aperte, di molte potenze internazionali, politiche e religiose.

Per un concreto rilancio del sistema economico, oltre la ovvia necessità di un clima di stabilità politica, è fondamentale poter disporre di un adeguato supporto energetico.

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L’Egitto ha sempre cercato di barcamenarsi dapprima tra Occidente ed Oriente, poi tra islamici moderati e fondamentalisti, infine cercando di schivare i colpi di quanti avessero tutti gli interessi che ritornasse nel degrado economico e politico.

Diciamo pure che è stata ben dura.

Dopo una lunga serie di trattative, decolla adesso l’inizio della costruzione della centrale nucleare di Al Dabaa.

L’impianto sarà progettato, costruito e gestito interamente dai russi.

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Considerazioni.

Per l’Egitto è essenziale poter contare su di un impianto di produzione di energia elettrica affidabile, con ragionevoli rapporti prestazioni/costi, scollegato dagli alterni ondeggiamenti dei prezzi dei minerali energetici e dalla loro sensibilità alle bufere politiche.

Poi, su di una solida base produttiva, allora anche un supporto di energie alternative potrebbe trovare ragionevole contesto.

I russi hanno un consolidato know-how nella progettazione e costruzione di impianti nucleari. Al momento, hanno in essere contratti per oltre trecento miliardi di Usd.

Al solito, il problema non è tecnico.

Il problema è strategico.

A parte il fatto che tra progetto e realizzazione intercorre circa una decina di anni, l’Egitto si sta legando alla Russia per quello che sarà manutenzione e smaltimento delle scorie.

Nel converso, emerge sempre più evidente come l’Occidente e l’Europa, una volta leader nel settore, ne sia virtualmente uscito. Non è solo un problema energetico geopolitico: è un problema industriale pesante. Il know-how non si improvvisa proprio per nulla.

Nota.

Sono debitore al sig. Luca Bertagnolio, che ringrazio di cuore, della segnalazione di questi link.

Egypt Independent. 2016-05-15. Nuclear power projects vital for meeting Egypt’s electricity needs: Sisi.

President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has stressed the essential role that nuclear power will play in providing for Egypt’s future electricity needs, while helping to preserve sources of energy like oil and natural gas.

Sisi made the comments during a meeting with Prime Minister Sherif Ismail and Electricity Minister Mohamed Shaker, according to a statement from the presidential office.

Shaker reviewed the outcomes of his meeting with officials from Russia’s state-owned nuclear firm Rosatom concerning contracts for the Dabaa nuclear plant. Egypt and Russia earlier signed an agreement to build and operate the first nuclear plant in Egypt at Dabaa on Egypt’s north coast.

The agreement concerns the construction and operation of a nuclear power plant equipped with four NPP units with a capacity of 1200 MW each. Russia will offer a loan to Egypt to complete the project in seven years.

Shaker also announced that new standards have been adopted to fix the electricity meters in buildings that have obtained their electricity supply illegally. He also said there would be a review of the outcomes of the maintenance of electricity generation stations.

The government is seeking to increase electricity production in order maintain supplies and prevent outages, which caused serious problems for domestic consumers and industry up until last year.

Sisi stressed the need to install pre-paid meters in all new housing projects, not only for electricity usage, but also for water and natural gas.

The government should be paid whatever it is owned, he said, ordering strict measures against efforts to obtain electricity supplies by illegal means.

Shaker also said at the meeting that he is reviewing several proposals for linking the Egyptian power grid with those of other nations, allowing for the sharing and sale of electricity supplies in both directions.

 

Reuters. 2015-11-19. Egypt, Russia sign deal to build a nuclear power plant

Moscow and Cairo signed an agreement on Thursday for Russia to build a nuclear power plant in Egypt, with Russia extending a loan to Egypt to cover the cost of construction.

A spokesman for Russia’s state-owned nuclear firm Rosatom said the plant, Egypt’s first, would be built at Dabaa in the north of the country and was expected to be completed by 2022.

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, speaking on state TV, gave few details but said the project would involve the building of a ‘third-generation’ plant with four reactors.

It is not clear how much the deal is worth but Sisi said the loan from Russia would be paid off over 35 years.

“The country and the balance sheet will not bear the cost of building this plant. It will be paid back through the actual production of electricity that will be generated by this plant,” he said.

Rosatom said in October that it was in the final stages of negotiating the deal, which it expected to be completed by the end of the year. Egypt has been considering a nuclear plant at Dabaa on and off since the 1980s.

But Cairo froze its nuclear plans after the 1986 Chernobyl disaster and only announced in 2006, under former President Hosni Mubarak, that it intended to revive them. Mubarak was then overthrown in a revolution in 2011.

Sisi, who came to power in 2014, said in February that he had signed a memorandum of understanding to go ahead with the nuclear project.

Egypt, with a population of 90 million and vast energy requirements, is seeking to diversify its energy sources. As well as a nuclear plant, Sisi has talked of building solar and wind energy facilities in the coming three years to generate around 4,300 megawatts of power.

The country also recently discovered a large reserve of natural gas off the Mediterranean coast.

“This was a long dream for Egypt, to have a peaceful nuclear program to produce electricity,” Sisi said. “This dream was there for many years and today, God willing, we are taking the first step to make it happen.”

 

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